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Displaying 76 - 100 of 458

Electronic Structure, Pore Size Distribution, and Sorption Characterization of an unusual MOF, {[Ni(dpbz)][Ni(CN)4]}n, dpbz=1,4-bis(4-pyridyl)benzene

September 26, 2018
Winnie K. Wong-Ng, Izaak Williamson, Daniel W. Siderius, Jeffrey T. Culp, Yu-Sheng Chen, Lan Li, Matthew Lawson
The monoclinic (Ni(L)[Ni(CN)4] (L= 1,4-Bis(4-pyridyl) benzene) compound (nick-name Ni-dpbz) is a flexible metal organic framework (MOF) which assumes a pillared structure with layers defined by 2D Ni[Ni(CN)4]n nets and dpbz ligands as pillars. The

Evaluation of Formaldehyde Reference Material for Chamber Emission Testing

July 22, 2018
Dustin G. Poppendieck, Na Li, Wenhao Chen
Formaldehyde reference materials are being developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for use in regulatory emission testing certification programs. Emission rates for a prototype formaldehyde reference material were determined

Simmering Sauces! Elevated Formaldehyde Concentrations from Gas Stove Burners

July 22, 2018
Dustin G. Poppendieck, Mengyan Gong
Formaldehyde is listed as a human carcinogen, and can be formed as a primary by-product during combustion processes. Past studies have not detected elevated formaldehyde concentrations from gas stoves, perhaps due to the time averaging nature of previous

Kinetic Mechanism of 2,3,3,3-Tetrafluoropropene (HFO-1234yf) Combustion

July 16, 2018
Valeri I. Babushok, Gregory T. Linteris
A kinetic model for 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (HFO-1234yf) high temperature oxidation and combustion is proposed. It is combined with the GRI-Mech-3.0 model, with the previously developed model for 2-bromo-3,3,3-trifluoropropene (2-BTP), and with the NIST

Materials and Processes for CO2 Capture, Conversion and Sequestration

May 26, 2018
Winnie K. Wong-Ng, Lan Li, Lawrence P. Cook, Kevin Huang
The book “Materials and Processes for CO2 Capture, Conversion and Sequestration (CCS)” which will be published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., is a result of the symposium of the same title which took place in 2014 during the MS&T (Materials Science and

Synthesis and Synchrotron X-ray characterization of two 2D Hoffman related compounds [Ni(p-Xylylenediamine)nNi(CN)4] and [Ni(p-tetrafluoroxylylenediamine)nNi(CN)4]

April 24, 2018
Winnie K. Wong-Ng, Jeffrey T. Culp, Daniel W. Siderius, Yu-Sheng Chen
Synchrotron X-ray single crystal structure studies of two closed 2D Hofmann-type related compounds, [Ni(p-Xylyenediamine)n-tetracyanonickelate] (abbreviated as Ni-pXdam) and [Ni(tetrafluoro-p-Xylyenediamine)n-tetracyanonickelate] (abbreviated as Ni-pXdamF4

Measured In-situ Mass Absorption Spectra for Nine Forms of Highly-absorbing Carbonaceous Aerosol

April 23, 2018
Christopher D. Zangmeister, Rian You, Elizabeth M. Lunny, Arne Jacobson, Mitchio Okumura, Michael R. Zachariah, James G. Radney
Mass absorption coefficient spectra were measured between λ = 500 nm and 840 nm for nine forms of highly-absorbing carbonaceous aerosol: five samples generated from gas-, liquid- and solid- fueled flames; spark-discharge fullerene soot; graphene and

NIST Standards for Measurement, Instrument Calibration, and Quantification of Gaseous Atmospheric Species

March 2, 2018
George C. Rhoderick, Michael E. Kelley, Walter R. Miller Jr., James E. Norris, Jennifer Carney, Lyn Gameson, Christina Cecelski, Cassie Goodman, Abneesh Srivastava, Joseph Hodges
There are many gas species present in the atmosphere that are associated with the earth’s climate. These compounds absorb and emit radiation, a process which is the fundamental cause of the greenhouse effect. The major greenhouse gases in the earth’s

Examining Heat Treatment for Stabilization of the Lipidome

February 16, 2018
John Bowden, Candice Z. Ulmer, Christina Jones, Tracey Johnston, Jeremy P. Koelmel, Timothy J. Garrett, Richard A. Yost
Aim: To confidently determine lipid-based biomarkers, it is important to minimize variation introduced during preanalytical steps. We evaluated reducing variation associated with lipid measurements in invertebrate sentinel species using a state-of-the-art

Counting Caenorhabditis elegans: Protocol Optimization and Applications for Population Growth and Toxicity Studies in Liquid Medium

January 17, 2018
Steven Lund, Sanem Hosbas Coskun, Monique Johnson, Christopher Sims, Elijah Petersen, John T. Elliott, Bryant C. Nelson, Leona D. Scanlan, Shannon K. Hanna, Karina Brignoni, Patricia Lapasett
The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is used extensively in molecular, toxicological and genetics research. However, standardized methods for counting nematodes in liquid culture do not exist despite the wide use of nematodes and need for accurate

Halogenated natural products

December 29, 2017
Terry Bidleman, John Kucklick, Henrik Kylin, Robert Letcher, Liisa Jantunen, Fiona Wong
This chapter summarizes the occurrence and fate on HNPs in the arctic physical environment and accumulation processes and presence in arctic biota. Except for halocarbons, there have been few investigations of HNPs in polar environments. Discussions of HNP

Analysis of PFAAs in American alligators Part 1: Concentrations in alligators harvested for consumption during South Carolina public hunts.

November 29, 2017
Jessica Tipton, Louis J. Guillette, Benjamin B. Parrott, Thomas R. Rainwater, Jessica L. Reiner
Environmental contamination resulting from the production or release of harmful chemicals can lead to negative consequences for wildlife and human health. Perfluorinated alkyl acids (PFAAs) were historically produced as protective coatings for many

Tissue Distribution of Perfluoroalkyl Acids (PFAAs) and Health Status in Wild Mozambique Tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) from Loskop Dam, Mpumalanga, South Africa

November 29, 2017
Jacqueline T. Bangma, Jessica L. Reiner, Hannes Botha, Theresa M. Cantu, Marco Gouws, Matthew P. Guillette, Jeremy P. Koelmel, Wilmien Luus-Powell, Olivia Rynders, Joseph Sara, Willem J. Smit, John Bowden
This study collected male Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) from Loskop Dam, Mpumalanga, South Africa in 2014 and 2016 to investigate the levels of 15 perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) across six tilapia tissues. Nine of the 15 PFAAs were detected

Crystallography of Functional Materials (Editorial Comments)

November 15, 2017
Winnie K. Wong-Ng, Claudia J. Rawn
The goal of this special issue is to obtain new insights into the roles of crystallography in functional materials. This special issue consists of eight chapters illustrating the structure and property relationships, as well as applications of selected

Deriving global OH abundance and atmospheric lifetimes for long-lived gases: A search for the alternative reference gas for CH3CCl3.

November 4, 2017
Qing Liang, Martyn P. Chipperfield, Eric L. Fleming, Luke Abraham, Peter Braesicke, James B. Burkholder, John S. Daniels, Sandip Dhomse, Steven C. Hardiman, Charles H. Jackman, Douglas E. Kinnison, Stephen A. Montzka, Olaf Morgenstern, Archie McCulloch, Paul A. Newman, Vladimir L. Orkin, Giovanni Pitari, Matthew Rigby, Eugene Rozanov, Fiona Tummon, Guus J. Velders, Daniele Visioni
An accurate estimate of global hydroxyl radical (OH) abundance is important for projections of air quality, climate, and stratospheric ozone layer recovery. As atmospheric concentration of methyl chloroform (MCF), the commonly used reference gas for OH
Displaying 76 - 100 of 458