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Displaying 1 - 25 of 882

Morphologic alterations across three levels of biological organization following oral exposure to silver-polymer nanocomposites in Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes)

July 5, 2024
Melissa Chernick, Alan Kennedy, Treye Thomas, Keana C. K. Scott, Joana Sipe, Christine Hendren, Mark Wiesner, David Hinton
Polymer nanocomposites have diverse industrial and commercial uses. While many toxicity studies have assessed the individual materials (e.g., polymer, nanomaterial) comprising nanocomposites, few have examined the potential toxicity of the nanocomposite as

Quantifying Mechanical Abrasion of AgNP Nanocomposites used in 3D Printing: Influence of AgNP content on abrasion products and rate of microplastic production

June 7, 2024
Joana Sipe, William Berger, Nathan Bossa, Melissa Chernick, Keana C. K. Scott, Alan Kennedy, Treye Thomas, Christine Ogilvie, Mark Wiesner
Nanomaterials are used in polymer composites to enhance plastic products' properties. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are added to composites for their antimicrobial and fungicidal properties. Polyethylene terephthalate glycol polymer (PETG) AgNP composite

A 0.1 GHz to 1.1 THz Inverted Grounded-CPW mTRL Calibration Kit Characterization in an InP HBT Process

May 13, 2024
Jerome Cheron, Rob Jones, Dylan Williams, Miguel Urteaga, Bryan Bosworth, Nick Jungwirth, Jeffrey Jargon, Ben Jamroz, Chris Long, Nate Orloff, Ari Feldman, Peter Aaen
We report a novel design approach of on-wafer multiline thru-reflect-line (mTRL) calibration kit fabricated on a commercial semiconductor-based transistor process that we validate from 0.1 GHz to 1.1 THz. The on-wafer calibration standards are designed

Understanding the Origin and Implication of the Indirect-to-Direct Bandgap Transition in Multilayer InSe

May 2, 2024
Nicholas Pike, Ruth Pachter, Michael Altvater, Chris Stevens, Matthew Klein, Joshua Hendrickson, Huairuo Zhang, Sergiy Krylyuk, Albert Davydov, Nicholas Glavin
Indium selenide (InSe) multilayers have attracted much interest recently due to their electronic and optical properties, partially dependent on the existence of an indirect-to-direct bandgap transition that is correlated to the multilayer thickness. In

Comparison of Mg-based liquid metal ion sources for scalable focused-ion-implantation doping of GaN

April 18, 2024
Aaron Katzenmeyer, Michael Titze, Sam Frisone, Tony Ohlhausen, Anthony Flores, Deanna Campbell, Bingjun Li, Yongqiang Wang, Jung Han, Edward Bielejec, Rachel Goldman
We compare the suitability of various magnesium-based liquid metal alloy ion sources (LMAIS) for scalable focused-ion-beam (FIB) implantation doping of GaN. We consider GaMg, MgSO4•7H2O, MgZn, AlMg, and AuMgSi alloys. Although issues of oxidation (GaMg)

Self-Assembly of Hierarchical High-h Fluorinated Block Copolymers with an Orthogonal Smectic-within-Lamellae 3 nm Sub-Lattice and Vertical Surface Orientation

April 16, 2024
Bijal Patel, Hongbo Feng, Whitney Loo, Chad R. Snyder, Christopher Eom, Julia Murphy, Daniel Sunday, Paul Nealey, Dean DeLongchamp
Hierarchical structure-within-structure assemblies offer a route toward increasingly complex and multifunctional materials while pushing the limits of block copolymer self-assembly. We present a detailed study of the self-assembly of a series of

Single-particle approach to many-body relaxation dynamics

February 26, 2024
Garnett W. Bryant, Marta Pelc, David Dams, Abhishek Ghosh, Miriam Kosik, Marvin Muller, Carsten Rockstuhl, Andres Ayuela, Karolina Slowik
This study addresses the challenge of modeling relaxation dynamics in quantum many-body systems, specifically focusing on electrons in graphene nanoflakes. While quantum many-body techniques effectively describe dynamics up to a few particles, these

Multi-scale alignment to buried atom-scale devices using Kelvin probe force microscopy

February 24, 2024
Pradeep Namboodiri, Jonathan Wyrick, Gheorghe Stan, Xiqiao Wang, Fan Fei, Ranjit Kashid, Scott Schmucker, Richard Kasica, Bryan Barnes, Michael Stewart, Richard M. Silver
Fabrication of quantum devices by atomic scale patterning with a Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM) has led to the development of single/few atom transistors, few-donor/quantum dot devices for spin manipulation and arrayed few-donor devices for analog

Optical frequency division & pulse synchronization using a photonic-crystal microcomb injected chip-scale mode-locked laser

February 15, 2024
Chinmay Shirpurkar, Jizhao Zang, Ricardo Bustos-Ramirez, David Carlson, Travis Briles, Lawrence R. Trask, Srinivas V. Pericherla, Di Huang, Ashish Bhardwaj, Gloria E. Hoefler, Scott Papp, Peter J. Delfyett
A mode-locked laser photonic integrated circuit with a repetition rate of 10 GHz is optically synchronized to a tantalabased photonic crystal resonator comb with a repetition rate of 200 GHz. The synchronization is achieved through regenerative harmonic

Advancing Measurement Science for Microelectronics: CHIPS R&D Metrology Program

February 13, 2024
Marla L. Dowell, Hannah Brown, Gretchen Greene, Paul D. Hale, Brian Hoskins, Sarah Hughes, Bob R. Keller, R Joseph Kline, June W. Lau, Jeff Shainline
The CHIPS and Science Act of 2022 called for NIST to "carry out a microelectronics research program to enable advances and breakthroughs....that will accelerate the underlying R&D for metrology of next-generation microelectronics and ensure the

Characterization of Nanoparticles in Silicon Dioxide Food Additive

January 4, 2024
Monique Johnson, Antonio Montoro Bustos, Karen Murphy, Sadia Khan, Ingo Strenge, Matthew Kalan
Silicon dioxide (SiO2) is an approved direct food additive in the United States and has been used as an anticaking agent in powdered food products and as a stabilizer in the production of beer. While SiO2 has been used in food for many years, there is

Experimental demonstration of a robust training method for strongly defective neuromorphic hardware

December 11, 2023
William Borders, Advait Madhavan, Matthew Daniels, Vasileia Georgiou, Martin Lueker-Boden, Tiffany Santos, Patrick Braganca, Mark Stiles, Jabez J. McClelland, Brian Hoskins
Neural networks are increasing in scale and sophistication, catalyzing the need for efficient hardware. An inevitability when transferring neural networks to hardware is that non-idealities impact performance. Hardware-aware training, where non-idealities


December 8, 2023
Elisabeth Mansfield, Bryan Barnes, R Joseph Kline, Andras E. Vladar, Yaw S. Obeng, Albert Davydov
The Metrology Chapter identifies emerging measurement challenges from devices, systems, and integration of new materials in the semiconductor industry and describes research and development pathways for meeting them. This includes but not limited to

Visualizing the merger of tunably coupled graphene quantum dots

December 6, 2023
Daniel Walkup, Fereshte Ghahari, Steven R. Blankenship, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Nikolai Zhitenev, Joseph A. Stroscio
Coupled quantum dots have been realized in a wide variety of physical systems and have attracted interest for many different applications. Here, we examine novel graphene quantum dots in backgated devices on hBN, and visualize their merger using scanning

Superconducting Nanowire Single-Photon Detector Arrays for the Near- to Mid-Infrared

October 31, 2023
Benedikt Hampel, Richard Mirin, Sae Woo Nam, Varun Verma
Superconducting Nanowire Single-Photon Detectors (SNSPDs) are excellent devices for the analysis of faint light from the ultraviolet to the mid-infrared. Recent developments push their broad wavelength bandwidth further into the mid-infrared towards 20 μm

Electrostatic modulation of thermoelectric transport properties of 2H-MoTe2

September 6, 2023
Tianhui Zhu, Sree Sourav Das, Safoura Nayebsadeghi, Fajana Tonni, Sergiy Krylyuk, Costel Constantin, Keivan Esfarjani, Albert Davydov, Mona Zebarjadi
Two-dimensional layered transition metal dichalcogenides are potential thermoelectric candidates with application in on-chip integrated nanoscale cooling and power generation. Here, we report a comprehensive experimental and theoretical study on the in

Federal perspective on critical research issues in nanoEHS

August 31, 2023
Janet Carter, Sri Nadadur, Rhema Bjorkland, William Boyes, Chuck Geraci, Vincent A. Hackley, John Howard, Alan Kennedy, Igor Linkov, Joanna Matheson, Holly Mortensen, Custudio Muinga, Elijah Petersen, Nora Savage, Stacey Standridge, Trey Thomas, Benjamin Trump
This article discusses critical issues and opportunities going forward in nanotechnology environmental, health, and safety (nanoEHS) research from the perspective of Federal Government agency participants in the U.S. National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI
Displaying 1 - 25 of 882