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Displaying 10926 - 10950 of 53300

Performance Benchmarking and Intensity Calibration of a Widefield Fluorescence Microscope Using Fluorescent Glass

August 11, 2014
Author(s)
Michael W. Halter, Elianna Bier, Paul C. DeRose, Gregory A. Cooksey, Steven J. Choquette, Anne L. Plant, John T. Elliott
Widefield fluorescence microscopy is a highly used tool for visually assessing biological samples and for quantifying cell responses. Despite its widespread use in high content analysis and other screening applications, few published methods exist for

XForms User Interfaces for Small Arcane Nontrivial Datasets

August 11, 2014
Author(s)
Joshua Lubell
Small Arcane Nontrivial Datasets (SANDs) are frequently complex enough to warrant custom software for access and editing, yet too small or specialized to justify a fullblown server-based database application. Such data is typically presented in tabular

Attachment of a Reduction-Oxidative Active Diruthenium Compound to Au and Si Surfaces by “Click” Chemistry

August 10, 2014
Author(s)
Sujitra J. Pookpanratana, Joseph W. Robertson, Curt A. Richter, Christina A. Hacker, Lee J. Richter, Julia Savchenko, Steven Cummings, Tong Ren
We report the formation of molecular monolayers containing redox-active diruthenium(II,III) compound to gold and silicon surfaces via “click” chemistry. The use of Cu-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition enables modular design of molecular surfaces and

Compressed-liquid density measurements of three alternative turbine fuels

August 10, 2014
Author(s)
Stephanie L. Outcalt
Heavier kerosene based liquid fuels for aircraft and rockets are required to meet stringent performance specifications. Nevertheless, the escalating cost, unpredictable supply, and environmental impacts of traditional petroleum based fuels used for that

Infiltration in energy modeling: a simple equation made better

August 8, 2014
Author(s)
Lisa C. Ng, Andrew K. Persily, Steven J. Emmerich
As building envelope performance and HVAC equipment efficiencies continue to be improved to reduce building energy use, a greater percentage of the total energy loss of a building can occur through envelope leakage. Although the energy impacts of

Measurement of High-Energy (10 keV to 60 keV) X-Ray Spectral Line Widths with eV Accuracy

August 8, 2014
Author(s)
John F. Seely, Jack L. Glover, Lawrence T. Hudson, Yuri Ralchenko, Nino R. Pereira, U. Feldman, C. D. Stefan
A high resolution crystal spectrometer (HRCS) utilizing a crystal in transmission geometry has been developed and experimentally optimized to measure the line widths of emission lines in the 10 keV to 60 keV energy range with eV accuracy. The spectrometer

Optically-Pumped Magnetometers for MEG

August 8, 2014
Author(s)
Svenja A. Knappe, Tillman H. Sander, Lutz Trahms
Optically-pumped magnetometers (OPMs) have seen rapid progress over the last decade in terms of performance and technology development. As highly sensitive room-temperature magnetometers they present several advantages over SQUID sensors, such as the

Single-Mode Optical Fiber For High-Power, Low-Loss UV Transmission

August 8, 2014
Author(s)
Daniel H. Slichter, Yves Colombe, Andrew C. Wilson, Dietrich G. Leibfried, David J. Wineland
We report large-mode-area solid-core photonic crystal fibers made from fused silica which resist UV solarization even at relatively high optical powers. Using a process of hydrogen loading and UV irradiation of the fibers, we demonstrate stable single-mode

Speckle phase noise in coherent laser ranging: fundamental precision limitations

August 8, 2014
Author(s)
Esther Baumann, Jean-Daniel Deschenes, Fabrizio R. Giorgetta, William C. Swann, Ian R. Coddington, Nathan R. Newbury
Frequency-modulated continuous-wave laser detection and ranging (FMCW LADAR) measures the range to a surface through coherent detection of the backscattered light from a frequency-swept laser source. The ultimate limit to the range precision of FMCW LADAR

Anion Reorientations in the Superionic Conducting Phase of Na 2 B 12 H 12

August 7, 2014
Author(s)
Kristina Verdal, Terrence J. Udovic, Vitalie Stavila, Wan Si NMN Tang, John J. Rush, Alexander V. Skripov
Quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS) methods were used to characterize the reorientational dynamics of the dodecahydro-closo-dodecaborate (B12H126u2-^0 anions in the high-temperature, superionic conducting phase of na2B12H6d12^. The icosahedral anions in

Flow Cytometer Performance Characterization, Standardization and Calibration against CD4 on T Lymphocytes Enables Quantification of Biomarker Expressions for Immunological Applications

August 7, 2014
Author(s)
Heba Degheidy, Steven R. Bauer, Gerald Marti, Lili Wang
There is an urgent need for developing a procedure for biomarker standardization and quantification in clinical laboratories. Measuring the expression levels of cell antigens is critical for the diagnosis of many diseases, e.g. leukemia, lymphoma and

Tunable spin-spin interactions and entanglement of ions in separate controlled potential wells

August 7, 2014
Author(s)
Andrew C. Wilson, Yves Colombe, K. R. Brown, Emanuel H. Knill, Dietrich G. Leibfried, David J. Wineland
Inspired by the ideas of Richard Feynman,1 David Deutsch,2 Seth Lloyd3 and others, researchers in the field of quantum information processing and simulation seek to harness the quantum-mechanical properties of well-controlled laboratory systems to perform

Long Term Air Quality Monitoring in a Net-Zero Energy Residential Test Facility Designed with Specifications for Low Emitting Interior Products

August 6, 2014
Author(s)
Dustin G. Poppendieck, Lisa C. Ng, Matthew P. Schlegel, Andrew K. Persily, Alfred Hodgson
This study evaluated the effectiveness of a low-VOC (volatile organic compounds) specification designed to minimize occupant exposures to indoor air pollutants in a net-zero energy research house meeting the ASHRAE Standard 62.2 ventilation requirements

Long Term Emissions from Spray Polyurethane Foam Insulation

August 6, 2014
Author(s)
Dustin G. Poppendieck, Steven J. Nabinger, Matthew P. Schlegel, Andrew K. Persily
The desire to build more energy efficient homes in the United States has lead to the expansion of the residential spray polyurethane foam (SPF) insulation industry. Annually, over 100,000 homes in the United States are constructed or retrofit using SPF

Simulation Study of Carbon Monoxide Exposure from Portable Generators in U.S. Residences

August 6, 2014
Author(s)
Andrew K. Persily, Steven J. Emmerich, Yanling Wang, Brian J. Polidoro
A simulation study was conducted to evaluate indoor CO exposures as a function of portable generator location and CO emission rate in order to support the development of potential CO emission limits for generators. These simulations employed the multizone

Smart Firefighting Workshop Summary Report

August 6, 2014
Author(s)
Anthony P. Hamins, Nelson P. Bryner, Albert W. Jones, Galen H. Koepke, casey grant, Anand Raghunathan
This report summarizes the results of the Smart Firefighting Workshop held March 24 and 25, 2014, in Arlington, Virginia and sponsored by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The Workshop provided a forum to help identify and
Displaying 10926 - 10950 of 53300