Recent advances in vacuum sciences and applications are reviewed. Novel optical interferometer cavity devices enable pressure measurements with ppm accuracy. Innovative dynamic vacuum standard allows for pressure measurements with temporal resolution of 2 ms. Vacuum issues in construction of huge ultra high vacuum devices worldwide are reviewed. Recent advances in surface science and thin films include new phenomena observed in electron transport near solid surfaces as well as novel results on properties of carbon nanomaterials. Precise techniques for surface and thin film characterization have been applied in conservation technology of cultural heritage objects and recent advances in characterization of biointerfaces are presented. Combination of various vacuum and atmospheric pressure techniques enables an insight in the complex phenomena of protein and other biomolecules conformation on solid surfaces and studying the phenomena at solid liquid interface what is regarded the main issue in development of alternative techniques for drug delivery, tissue engineering and thus development of innovative techniques for curing cancer and cardiovascular diseases. A review on recent advances in plasma medicine is presented as well as novel hypotheses on cell apoptosis upon treatment with gaseous plasma. Finally, recent advances in plasma nanoscience are illustrated with several examples and a roadmap for future activities is presented.
Citation: Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics
Pub Type: Journals
vacuum, optical interferometer, surface, plasma, interface, nano science