Chip-integrated visibletelecom entangled photon pair source for quantum communication
Xiyuan Lu, Qing Li, Daron A. Westly, Gregory T. Moille, Anshuman Singh, Vikas Anant, Kartik A. Srinivasan
Photon pair sources are fundamental blocks for quantum entanglement and quantum communication. Recent studies in silicon photonics have documented promising characteristics for photon pair sources within the telecommunications band, including sub-milliwatt optical pump power, high spectral brightness, and high photon purity. However, most quantum systems suitable for local operations, such as storage and computation, support optical transitions in the visible or short near-infrared bands. In comparison to telecommunications wavelengths, the significantly higher optical attenuation in silica at such wavelengths limits the length scale over which optical-fiber-based quantum communication between such local nodes can take place. One approach to connect such systems over fiber is through a photon pair source that can bridge the visible and telecom bands, but an appropriate source, which should produce narrow-band photon pairs with a high signal-to-noise ratio, has not yet been developed. Here, we demonstrate an on-chip visible-telecom photon pair source for the first time, using high quality factor silicon nitride microresonators to generate bright photon pairs with an unprecedented coincidence-to- accidental ratio (CAR) up to (3.8 +/- 0.2) x 10^3. We further demonstrate dispersion engineering of the microresonators to enable the connection of different species of trapped atoms/ions, defect centers, and quantum dots to the telecommunications bands for future quantum communication systems.