The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has organized an international comparison to assess Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) image quantification capabilities in 12 countries. Iodine-131 was chosen as the radionuclide for the comparison because of its wide use around the world, but for logistical reasons solid 133Ba sources were used as a long-lived surrogate for 131I. For this study, we designed a set of solid cylindrical sources so that each site could have a set of phantoms (having nominal volumes of 2 mL, 4 mL, 6 mL, and 23 mL) with traceable activity calibrations so that the results could be properly compared. We also developed a technique using two different detection methods for individually calibrating the sources for 133Ba activity based on a National standard. This methodology allows for the activity calibration of each 133Ba source with a standard uncertainty on the activity of 1.4 % for the high-level 2-, 4-, and 6-mL sources and 1.7 % for the lower-level 23 mL cylinders. This level of uncertainty allows for these sources to be used for the intended comparison exercise, as well as in other SPECT image quantification studies.
Citation: Journal of Research (NIST JRES) - 118.017Report Number:
NIST Pub Series: Journal of Research (NIST JRES)
Pub Type: NIST Pubs
barium-133, iodine-131, SPECT, standards, traceability