Department of Defense chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) test and evaluation standards are established under the authority of the Director, Army Test and Evaluation Office in the oversight role as the DOD CBRN Defense Test and Evaluation Executive. All CBRN Defense Test Operations Procedures (TOPs) documents are developed by the interagency organizations participating in the Test and Evaluation Capabilities and Methodologies Integrated Process Team (TECMIPT) CBRN community. TECMIPT TOPs published to the NIST website are freely available to any interested test and evaluation organization or for testing of commercial products in development.
The development of Test and Evaluation Capabilities and Methodologies Integrated Process Team Test Operations Procedures (TTOPs) supports the White House and OSD objectives for federal interagency CBRN Defense standardization, and the August 10, 2010, DoD/DHS/EPA Memorandum of Agreement (MOU). TTOPs are categorized by Capability Area Process Action Team (CAPAT) functional areas: biological surveillance, chemical detection, collective protection, decontamination, individual protection, modeling and simulation, and radiological/nuclear.
Biological Surveillance CAPAT – the standardization of biological assay/detection testing to facilitate interagency and international exchange of data and information as well as optimizing existing test infrastructure.
Chemical Detection CAPAT – equipment used to detect the harmful agent, correctly identify the agent, and define the area of exposure.
Collective Protection CAPAT – collective protection provides a contaminate free environment for people, allowing relief from the continuous wearing of gas masks and other MOPP equipment in a fixed site.
Decontamination CAPAT – removal of hazardous substances (biological, chemical, radioactive material) from warfighters bodies, clothing, equipment, tools, and/or sites to the extent necessary to prevent the occurrence of adverse health and/or environmental effects.
Individual Protection CAPAT – involves the development and testing of materials, components and full systems that are used to provide protection to the warfighter from chemical and biological threats.
Modeling and Simulation CAPAT – the process of getting information about how something will behave without actually testing it in real life.
Radiological/Nuclear CAPAT – the detection of or effects from radiological or nuclear materials, hazards, and incidents.