The group is cited for preserving bullet forensics evidence from the John F. Kennedy assassination, for the benefit of future generations. The team digitized and topographically mapped the complex micrometer surface structure of these historic objects so that a highly detailed digital model could be created. The collaboration between the NIST team and the National Archives and Records Administration required innovation in several areas: designing 3D printed fixtures to hold the objects without damaging them, developing methods to display the digital evidence so that it can be understood by...
Nave is recognized for her extraordinarily accurate measurement, identification and dissemination of spectroscopic standard reference data that is used for calibration of a wide variety of industrial devices as well as the most powerful terrestrial and space telescopes, which uncover the structure of our universe and are critical in the search for extraterrestrial planets and other forms of life. This work provides paramount benchmarks for countless applications, including atmospheric observations, the lighting industry and atomic clocks, and for extremely diverse scientific research.
Centrone is recognized for creating a novel instrument that combines the capabilities of optical spectroscopy, from visible to mid-infrared, with the spatial resolution of scanning probe microscopy. His tool leads the world in every essential metric and gives correlated information on chemical composition, material structure, topography, and optical and thermal properties over a region as small as 20 nanometers. His instrument is the first capable of characterizing aggregate proteins related to Alzheimer's disease at biological length scales and in a bio-relevant environment.
The team is recognized for developing and demonstrating new types of devices that act as highly efficient artificial neurons and synapses for computing circuits, and for developing new models for their rapid testing. Because the team's artificial neurons fire millions of times faster and use less energy than human brain cells, they enable the development of neuromorphic computers, which operate at speeds more than 10 times faster and use 100 times less power than those available today, opening the door to new applications in computing and artificial intelligence.
Szalai is recognized for successfully partnering with industry to develop and commercially deploy technology that makes electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) accessible to a broad and diverse research community rather than the current handful of specialized groups. EPR is a powerful analytical tool that has applications ranging from quantum systems to biomacromolecules. Szalai has helped reduce the cost and complexity of such measurements by augmenting EPR with a versatile RF pulse-shaping system. The technology developed is being used in fields as diverse as radar and remote sensing.
This group is honored for their superb contributions in architecting and delivering a secure, cloud-based solution for a grants application external reviewer process. The new capability provides NIST grant administrators and external reviewers with an integrated environment that promotes workflow efficiency with improved security and privacy of applicant data. First used with the Engineering Laboratory's Disaster Resilience Program, it received extremely positive feedback from both NIST staff and external reviewers and will be leveraged by additional grant programs NIST-wide.
This group is honored for leading security improvements to hundreds of NIST public websites and completing this technically challenging and widely distributed effort in a short period of time, well ahead of most other federal agencies. Over 250 NIST public websites, hosted on- and off-premise, are now only accessible using strong encryption protocols and ciphers. This effort also resulted in reducing the number of NIST public web servers, eliminating those that were no longer needed, and migrating the content of others to www.nist.gov .
Frycklund is recognized for her advocacy and role as champion in advancing a more inclusive NIST culture and supporting NIST's core values through NIST's Reasonable Accommodation and Incentive Awards programs. Her efforts resulted in the establishment of new awards reflecting NIST's strategic goals and vision, streamlined and improved processes benefiting NIST staff, and successful administration of the Reasonable Accommodation program, resulting in a productive and engaged workforce.
Grutter is recognized for elucidating the mechanisms by which ferromagnetic order in a magnetic topological insulator can be stabilized and manipulated via interfacial coupling with an antiferromagnet. Through a series of challenging and exceptionally precise neutron scattering measurements, Grutter identified the interfacial spin configuration that enhances technologically critical magnetic properties, the most important of which is a drastic increase in the temperature at which ferromagnetism can be sustained in the topological insulator.
The group is recognized for developing and implementing a new review process that reduces the time it takes to approve other-agency agreements by 30% compared to the previous year. As a result of this achievement, the average days to clear an agreement decreased from 40 to 28 days. Equally as important, the percent of agreements taking longer than 60 days to clear dropped from 23% to 7%. This process is used to enable NIST to receive over $100 million in funding annually from other agencies, which are used to advance the NIST mission and the mission of other federal agencies.