Methodologies for calibrating heat-flux sensors designed for direct measurement of heat-transfer at a surface are presented. These sensors, extensively used in fire-test methods and aerospace applications, vary in range from a few kW/m2 to in excess of 500 kW/m2. Traceable source- and detector-based techniques using blackbody radiation are described to cover the wide range of calibration. Calibration results on typical sensors from three blackbody facilities: 25 mm and 51 mm diameter heated graphite tubes and a 23 cm diameter spherical cavity, are presented. These results demonstrate the equivalence between the source- and detector-based techniques in the range from 50 kW/m2 to 200 kW/m2, and also the superiority of detector-based calibration when reflected radiation effects are important. The problems associated with extending the calibration techniques to high heat-flux levels by inserting the sensor inside a blackbody cavity are also discussed.
Proceedings Title: Temperature, International Symposium | Eighth | Temperature: Its Measurement and Control in Science and Industry; Volume Seven | AIP
Issue: No. 1
Conference Dates: October 21-24, 2002
Conference Title: AIP Conference Proceedings
Pub Type: Conferences
blackbodies, heat flux, sensors, thermal radiation