Fires in high-rise buildings create unique safety challenges for building occupants and fire fighters. Smoke and heat spreading through the corridors and the stairs of a building during a fire can limit building occupants ability to escape and can limit fire fighters ability to rescue them. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), in conjunction with the Chicago Fire Department and the Fire Department of New York City (FDNY), Fire Protection Research Foundation (FPRF) and NYU Polytechnic Institute have completed a study on wind driven fires. The study consisted of full scale, live fire experiments, in both the NIST Large Fire Laboratory and high rise structures, in an effort to better understand this phenomenon and to develop strategies and tactics that will enable firefighters to survive and safely fight fires under wind driven conditions. This is particularly catastrophic in high rises and similar buildings where the fire must be fought from the interior of the structure. However many of the lessons learned from this study have application to all residential structure fires.
Proceedings Title: 12th International Conference on Fire Science and Engineering
Conference Dates: July 5-7, 2010
Conference Location: Nottingham, -1
Conference Title: Interflam 2010
Pub Type: Conferences
fire fighting tactics, fire suppression, full scale fire experiments, high rise buildings, hose streams, structure fire, wind driven fire, wind control