In recent years, civilian and military users of aviation kerosene have been interested in expanding the scope of fuel feed stocks to include non-petroleum sources. The most well known examples of such alternative sources of fuel are the Fisher-Tropsch fluids made from coal and natural gas. In addition to these feed stocks, there is great interest in biomass derived sources for aviation fuels. It is unlikely that a completely new, drop-in replacement fuel will be successful in the foreseeable future, but an intermediate goal is to extend or enhance present petroleum derived stocks. For this to be done on a rational basis, careful attention must be paid to fuel properties, one of the most important of which is the fluid volatility as expressed by the distillation curve. In this paper, we apply the composition explicit distillation curve method to mixtures of JP-8 with hydroprocessed aviation fuels made from camelina (a genus within the flowering plant family Brassicaceae), from castor seed (Ricinus communis), and from waste brown grease plant isoprenoid feed stocks used with the Fischer Tropsch process.
Citation: Energy and Fuels
Pub Type: Journals
aviation fuel, distillation curve, isoparaffinic kerosene, waste grease