This report presents local convective boiling measurements in a micro-fin tube for R134a and two low global warming potential (GWP ) refrigerants: R1234yf/ R134a, 56/44 % mass and R1234ze(E). Water heating either in counterflow or in parallel flow with the test refrigerant was used to vary the heat flux for a given quality. The heat transfer coefficient of the three test fluids were compared at the same heat flux, saturated refrigerant temperature, and refrigerant mass flux using an existing correlation from the literature. The resulting comparison showed that refrigerant R134a exhibited the highest heat transfer performance in large part due to its higher thermal conductivity as compared to the tested low-GWP refrigerants. For the example case presented here, the heat transfer coefficient for R1234yf/ R134a (56/44) remains within 5 % of the heat transfer coefficient for R134a, having essentially identical performance for qualities less than 30 %. The heat transfer coefficient for R1234ze(E) is roughly 700 kWK-1m-2 (approximately 14 %) less than that of R134a for qualities greater than 30 %. The smaller heat transfer coefficient of R1234ze(E) as compared to that of R134a is primarily due to the 11 % smaller thermal conductivity and the 21 % smaller reduced pressure as compared to R134a at this test temperature. The measurements are important as part of the evaluation of low-GWP replacement refrigerants for R134a in unitary refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment.
Citation: Technical Note (NIST TN) - 1807
NIST Pub Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Pub Type: NIST Pubs
boiling, enhanced heat transfer, low-GWP, micro-fin, refrigerant mixtures