Application of least-squares as, for instance, in curve fitting is an important tool of data analysis in metrology. It is tempting to employ the supplement 1 to the GUM (GUM-S1) to evaluate the uncertainty associated with the resulting parameter estimates, albeit doing so is beyond the specified scope of GUM-S1. We compare the result of such a procedure to a Bayesian uncertainty analysis of the corresponding regression model. It is shown that under certain assumptions both analyses yield the same results but this is not true in general. Some simple examples are given which illustrate the similarities and differences between the two approaches.
Pub Type: Journals
Monte Carlo uncertainty analysis, GUM Supplement 1, Bayesian analysis, least squares estimation.