Chapter 5 – Modeling Congestion Control Algorithms
Study of Proposed Internet Congestion Control Mechanisms NIST
Mills, et al. Special Publication 500-282 137
5 Modeling Alternate Congestion Control Mechanisms
The fundamental design of the Internet protocol suite  assumes that network elements, such as
routers, are relatively simple – receiving, buffering and forwarding packets among connected
links and dropping packets when buffers are insufficient to accommodate arriving packets.
Under this assumption, computers connected to the Internet must implement decision algorithms
to pace the rate at which packets are injected into the network. Such decision algorithms, known
typically as congestion control mechanisms, are...