Presenter: Craig McGray

Mentor: Michael Gaitan

Division: Semiconductor Electronics Division, 812

Laboratory: EEEL

Building: 225

Room: A307

Mail Stop: 8120

Phone: 301-975-4110

Fax: 301-948-4081

Email: craig.mcgray@nist.gov

Sigma Xi Member: No

Category: Engineering

 

 

 

Stress Compensation for CMOS-Integrated

Micro-electromechanical Systems

 

Abstract

Post-processing techniques for fabrication of micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) from standard CMOS wafers have been previously described [1-12]. These techniques make it possible to easily integrate MEMS devices on the same chip as their controlling electronics. One limitation of these techniques is that the materials used in standard CMOS processes are optimized only for electronic use, and therefore exhibit large stresses that can deform or destroy mechanical structures. In this document, a method is proposed for stress compensation of the materials used in standard CMOS processes. The method uses two thin layers of silicon nitride to offset the residual stresses resulting from the CMOS fabrication process. The thickness of these layers can be trimmed based on data from on-chip test structures, so that average and gradient stresses can be simultaneously nulled, despite inter-die variations in their magnitude.