SYNTHETIC 3D SPIN-ORBIT COUPLING

Brandon M. Anderson, Gediminas Juzeliūnas, Victor M. Galitski, Ian B. Spielman

 

We describe a method for creating a three-dimensional analogue to Rashba spin-orbit coupling in systems of ultracold atoms. This laser-induced coupling uses Raman transitions to link four internal atomic states with a tetrahedral geometry, and gives rise to a Dirac point that is robust against environmental perturbations. We present an exact result showing that such a spin-orbit coupling in a fermionic system always rises to a molecular bound state.