Title: Composition Dependence of Polaron Formation and Dynamics in La1-xCaxMnO3


Benjamin G. Ueland, Y. Chen, J. W. Lynn,

Affiliation: NIST Center for Neutron Research, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899

R. Privezentsev, Y. M. Mukovskii,

Affiliation: Moscow State Steel and Alloys Institute, Moscow 119991, Russia


The colossal magnetoresistive perovskites La1-xCaxMnO3 have generated much interest due to the intimate correlation between their magnetic and transport properties.  It is well known that for the doping range 0.22<x<0.47 a transition from a paramagnetic insulating to a ferromagnetic metallic state occurs upon cooling below TC~150-250 K, and experiments have shown that the transition between these states is closely tied to the formation of nanoscale lattice polarons.  Recent neutron scattering experiments have directly observed that these polarons freeze into a glassy state at T=Tc for materials with x=0.33, which is responsible for the observed first order nature of the ferromagnetic transition at this level of doping.  While it has been proposed that this glass state occurs as x~0, its dependence on doping and temperature has yet to be fully mapped out.  Here we present results from elastic and inelastic neutron scattering experiments performed on single crystal samples of these materials for x=0.15, 0.20, and 0.22, which have been undertaken to determine the direction in which the boundary for the glass phase evolves with x.  Preliminary results indicate that static polaron correlations exist for certain higher values of x (x > 0.20) in the insulating state, while for lower values of x, no static polaron scattering is observed (in zero field), in contrast to the results for the metallic regime.








CATEGORY: Materials


Name: Benjamin Ueland

Mentors Name: Jeffrey Lynn

610, NIST Center for Neutron Research

Room A119, Building 235 Mail stop 6102

Tel: 301-975-8489

Fax: 301-921-9847



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