PURIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF DOUBLE WALL CARBON NANOTUBES

 

Ji Yeon Huh and Jeffrey A. Fagan

Polymers Division, MSEL, NIST, Gaithersburg, MD 20899.

 

 

Double wall carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs) consisting of two concentric graphene cylinders exist in an intermediate regime between single- (SWCNTs) and multi wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). Although their diameter of the outer wall is often similar to that of SWCNTs, DWCNTs exhibit advanced mechanical properties and thermal conductivity, which plays a critical role in various thin film applications such as transparent conductors and field-effect transistors. In this work, DWCNTs are purified from polydisperse mixtures of SWCNTs, MWCNTs, and carbonaceous impurities using density gradient ultracentrifugation (DGU). Based on the combination of DGU and the surfactant chemistry utilized to encapsulate and disperse DWCNTs in solution, DWCNTs are sorted by their electronic structure varying from metallic to semiconducting. The length dependent optical properties of DWCNTs are further investigated by maximizing the differences in density between DWCNTs and density gradient medium.

 

 

 

 


 

CATEGORY: Materials

 

 

Mentor: Jeffrey A. Fagan

Polymers Division, MSEL

Room A223, Building 224, Mail stop 8542

Tel: 301-975-6781

Fax: 301-975-4924

Email: jiyeon.huh@nist.gov

 

 

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