EXPERIMENTAL TEST OF NONLOCAL REALISM USING A NEW FIBER-BASED,

POLARIZATION-ENTANGLED PHOTON-PAIR SOURCE

 

Matthew D. Eisaman, Elizabeth Goldschmidt, Jingyun Fan, and Alan Migdall

 

Optical Technology Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology

100 Bureau Drive, Mail Stop 8441, Gaithersburg. MD 20899-8441

and

Joint Quantum Institute, University of Maryland, MD 20742

 

 

††††††††††† The success of many quantum-information applications demands entangled photon pairs emitted at a high rate, and in a single spatial mode with narrow spectral bandwidth to allow low-loss coupling and propagation in optical-fiber networks.† We describe the realization of a high spectral brightness, broad wavelength coverage, single-spatial mode source of polarization-entangled photon pairs operated at room temperature. The source takes advantage of single-mode fiber optics, large two-photon production probability in a nonlinear microstructure fiber, low single-photon noise level, and the inherent stability provided by a Sagnac interferometer. With a modest average pump power (300 mW), we create all four Bell states with a detected two-photon coincidence rate of 7 kHz per bandwidth of 0.5 THz (0.9 nm) over a spectral range of more than 10 nm. We perform quantum-state tomography to reconstruct the density matrices of the states, with the fidelity of each Bell state measuring 95% or more.

††††††††††† In addition to being useful for quantum-information applications, this high-fidelity source of entangled photons can also be used for fundamental tests of quantum mechanics.† Using polarization-entangled two-photon singlet states, we compare our measurements of two-photon polarization correlations to the predictions of quantum mechanics, and also to the predictions of certain local realistic and non-local realistic theories. Our measurements are consistent with quantum-mechanical predictions, resulting in a violation of Bellís inequality in the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt form by 15 standard deviations (thus excluding local hidden-variable theories) and a violation of a Leggett-type non-local hidden-variable inequality by 3 standard deviations (thus excluding a certain class of non-local hidden-variable theories.)

 

AUTHOR INFORMATION

Name: Matthew D. Eisaman, Division: 844.03, Lab: Physics, Building / Room: 221 / B212, Mailstop: 8441,

Phone: 301-975-8419, Fax: 301-869-5700 , Email: matthew.eisaman@nist.gov, Sigma Xi Member: Yes,

Mentor: Alan Migdall (221/A213, x2331, alan.migdall@nist.gov), Poster category: Physics