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Topic Area: High Performance Buildings

Displaying records 51 to 60 of 124 records.
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51. Ontology Development For Low-Energy Building Embedded Commissioning
Topic: High Performance Buildings
Published: 11/17/2009
Authors: Kwang Jun Lee, Omer Akin, Burcu Akinci, James Garrett, Steven T Bushby
Abstract: This paper presents the results of initial work in developing an ontology for improving information exchange and automation in building system commissioning practices. In our previous research dealing with the derivation of product models from buildi ...

52. A Benchmark Study on the Thermal Conductivity of Nanofluids
Topic: High Performance Buildings
Published: 11/13/2009
Authors: Jacopo Buongiorno, David Venerus, Naveen Prabhat, Thomas McKrell, Jessica Townsend, Rebecca Christianson, Yuriy Tolmachev, Pawel Keblinski, Lin-wen Hu, Jorge Alvarado, In Cheol Bang, Sandra Bishnoi, Marco Bonetti, Frank Botz, Anselmo Cecre, Yun Chang, Gang Chen, Haisheng Chen, Sung Jae Chung, Minking Chyu, Sarit Das, Roberto Di Paola, Yulong Ding, F. Dubois, Grzegorz Dzido, Jacob Eapen, Werner Escher, Denis Funfschilling, Quentin Galand, Jinwei Gao, Patricia Gharagozloo, Kenneth Goodson, Jorge Gustova Jin, Haiping Hong, Mark Horton, Carlo Iorio, Andrzej Jarzebski, Yiran Jiang, L.W. Jin, Stephan Kabelac, Aravind Kamath, Mark A Kedzierski, Chongyoup Kim, Ji Hyun Kim, Sukwon Kim, Lim Geok Kieng, K Leong, Indranil Manna, Bruno Michel, Rui Ni, Hrishikesh Patel, John Philip, Dimos Poulikakos, Cecile Reynaud, Raffaele Savino, Pawan Singh, Pengxiang Song, T. Sundararajan, Elena Timofeeva, Todd Tritcak, A.N. Turanov, Stefan Van Vaerenbergh, Dongsheng Wen, Sanjeeva Witharana, Charles Chun Yang, W.-H. Yeh, Xiao-Zheng Zhao, Sheng-Qi Zhou
Abstract: This article reports on the International Nanofluid Property Benchmark Exercise (INPBE) in which the thermal conductivity of identical samples of colloidal dispersions of nanoparticles, or nanofluids , was measured by over 30 organizations worldwi ...

53. Cost-effectiveness, Carbon Emissions, and Carbon Tax Implications of Energy Efficiency Measures in New Commercial Buildings.
Topic: High Performance Buildings
Published: 11/1/2009
Authors: Joshua D Kneifel, Barbara C. Lippiatt
Abstract: Building energy efficiency has become a top priority due to the recent energy price spikes and increasing concern regarding climate change. New buildings are the easiest and least costly in which to increase energy efficiency, making new construction ...

54. REFLEAK: NIST Leak/Recharge Simulation Program for Refrigerant Mixtures Version 3.2
Series: Natl Std. Ref. Data Series (NIST NSRDS)
Topic: High Performance Buildings
Published: 10/16/2009
Authors: David Didion, Min S. Kim, Piotr A Domanski
Abstract: REFLEAK simulates leak and recharge processes for refrigerant zeotropic mixtures, and estimates composition changes for vapor and liquid under either isothermal or adiabatic leak conditions. Calculated vapor and liquid compositions are displayed in a ...

55. Particle Image Velocimetry Measurements and CFD-Based Predictions of Air Distribution at Evaporator Inlet and Outlet
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1651
Topic: High Performance Buildings
Published: 10/5/2009
Authors: David A Yashar, Piotr A Domanski
Abstract: We examined the air flow distribution through a residential indoor air conditioning heat exchanger. The test heat exchanger was a finned tube, A-shaped coil outfitted with a condensation collection pan required for a horizontal installation configura ...

56. Condensed Matter Astrophysics A Prescription for Determining the Species-Specific Composition and Quantity of Interstellar Dust using X-rays
Topic: High Performance Buildings
Published: 9/10/2009
Authors: Bruce D Ravel, Julia C. Lee, Jingen Xiang, Jeffrey Kortright, Kathryn Flanagan
Abstract: We present a new technique for determining the quantity and composition of dust in astrophysical environments using < 6 keV X-rays. We argue that high resolution X-ray spectra as enabled by the Chandra and XMM-Newton gratings should be considered ...

57. Assessing the Measurement Uncertainty of Thermophysical Properties
Topic: High Performance Buildings
Published: 9/2/2009
Author: Robert R Zarr
Abstract: A generalized approach for the expression of measurement uncertainty consistent with current international practice is presented. The approach is applicable to all kinds of quantitative measurements including measurements of thermophysical propertie ...

58. Soft X-ray Characterization Technique for Li Batteries under Operating Conditions
Topic: High Performance Buildings
Published: 9/1/2009
Authors: Daniel A Fischer, Cole Petersburg, Robert Daniel, Cherno Jaye, Faisal Alamgir
Abstract: O K edge and Co L edge near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) was used to examine the cathode of an intact solid-state lithium ion battery. The novel technique allowed for the simultaneous acquisition of partial electron yield and fluores ...

59. Glassy Carbon as an Absolute Intensity Calibration Standard for Small Angle Scattering
Topic: High Performance Buildings
Published: 8/19/2009
Authors: Andrew John Allen, Jan Ilavsky, Fan Zhang, Gabrielle G Long, Pete R. Jemian
Abstract: Absolute calibration of small-angle scattering (SAS) intensity data (in units of differential cross-section per unit sample volume per unit solid angle) is essential for many important aspects of quantitative SAS analysis, such as obtaining the numbe ...

60. Blow-Down Tests Confirm Accurate Critical Flow Venturi Measurements During Transients
Topic: High Performance Buildings
Published: 8/14/2009
Author: John D Wright
Abstract: Critical flow venturis (CFVs) can be used to measure flow under transient pressure, temperature, and flow conditions with k=2 uncertainties of 0.4 % or less. Blow-down tests transferred 630 g of nitrogen during a 100 s interval from an unregulated cy ...

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