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Displaying records 51 to 60 of 420 records.
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51. Roadmap for Developing Measurement Science for Predicting the Service Life of Polymers Used in Photovoltaic (PV) Systems
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 7971
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 2/24/2014
Authors: Xiaohong Gu, Joannie W Chin

52. Fast Proton Conduction Facilitated by Minimum Water in a Series of Divinylsilyl-11-Silicotungstic Acid-co-Butyl Acrylate-co-Hexanediol Diacrylate Polymers
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 1/9/2014
Authors: Lauren F. Greenlee, Andrew M Herring, James L Horan, Anitha Lingutla, Hui Ren, Mei-Chen Kuo, Sonny Sachdeva, Yuan Yang, Soenke Seifert, Michael A Yandrasits, Steven J Hamrock, Matthew H Frey
Abstract: Studies of proton transport in novel materials are important to enable a large array of electrochemical devices. In this study, we show that heteropoly acids (HPAs) when immobilized in polymer matrices have highly mobile protons. Divinyl-11-sil ...

53. A Detailed Failure Analysis Examination of the Effect of Thermal Cycling on Cu TSV Reliability
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 1/1/2014
Authors: Chukwudi Azubuike Okoro, June Waiyin Lau, Yaw S Obeng, Klaus Hummler
Abstract: In this work, a detailed failure analysis of the physical root cause for the increase in electrical resistance and radio-frequency (RF) transmission coefficient of through-silicon via (TSV) daisy chain was investigated. Six different failure modes we ...

54. Connection of Kinetic Monte Carlo Model for Surfaces to Step-Continuum Theory in 1+1 Dimensions
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 1/1/2014
Authors: Paul N Patrone, Dionisios Margetis

55. Towards a Reference Polyurethane Foam and Bench Scale Test for Assessing Smoldering in Upholstered Furniture
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/8/2013
Authors: Mauro Zammarano, Szabolcs Matko, William M Pitts, Douglas Matthew Fox, Rick D Davis
Abstract: Smoldering poses a severe fire hazard due to the potentially lethal amount of toxic carbon monoxide released, and the possibility to reach flashover (through transition from smoldering to flaming) with heat sources otherwise too weak to directly ...

56. Impact of UV Irradiation on the Surface Chemistry and Structure of Multiwall Carbon Nanotube Epoxy Nanocomposites
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/6/2013
Authors: Elijah J Petersen, Thomas F. Lam, Justin M Gorham, Keana C K Scott, Christian John Long, Deborah L Stanley, Renu Sharma, James Alexander Liddle, Tinh Nguyen
Abstract: One of the most promising applications of nanomaterials is as nanofillers to enhance the properties of polymeric materials. However, the effect of nanofillers on polymers subject to typical environmental stresses, such as ultraviolet (UV) radiation, ...

57. Airbrushed Nanofiber Scaffolds Support Bone Marrow Stromal Cell Differentiation
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 11/1/2013
Authors: Carl George Simon Jr., Wojtek J Tutak, Sumona Sarkar, Tanya M. Farooque, Jyotsnendu J. Giri, Dongbo Wang, Sheng Lin-Gibson, Joachim Kohn, Durgadas Bolikal
Abstract: Nanofiber scaffolds are effective for tissue engineering since they emulate the fibrous nanostructure of native extracellular matrix (ECM). Although electrospinning has been the most common approach for fabricating nanofiber scaffolds, airbrushi ...

58. Elasticity and rigidity percolation in networks of type-purified single-wall carbon nanotubes on flexible substrates
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/29/2013
Authors: John M. Harris, JiYeon Huh, Matthew R Semler, Christopher M Stafford, Steven D Hudson, Jeffrey A Fagan, Erik K Hobbie
Abstract: Wrinkles and folds in compressed thin films of type-purified single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrates are used to study the mechanical response of pristine nanotube networks. While the low-strain plateau moduli ...

59. Evaluating Fire Blocking Performance of Barrier Fabrics
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/15/2013
Authors: Shonali Nazare, William M Pitts, Shaun M. Flynn, John R Shields, Rick D Davis
Abstract: The purpose of fire blocking barrier materials is to reduce the flammability of soft furnishings ( mattresses and upholstered furniture) by preventing or delaying direct flame impingement from open flames and/or heat transfer from smoldering igniti ...

60. Swelling of Ultrathin Molecular Layer-by-Layer Polyamide Water Desalination Membranes
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 9/30/2013
Authors: Edwin P Chan, Allison P Young, Jung-Hyun Lee, Christopher M Stafford
Abstract: The water vapor swelling behavior of ultrathin crosslinked aromatic polyamide films, synthesized via molecular layer-by-layer deposition, is characterized via specular X-ray reflectivity. The results show that these films expand only along the thickn ...

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