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Topic Area: Materials Science
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Displaying records 31 to 40 of 531 records.
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31. What's in a Name
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 11/4/2013
Author: Ursula R Kattner
Abstract: In the early days of alloy phase diagrams phases were named using Greek letters in unary systems, from lower temperatures to higher temperatures, and in binary systems from the left to the right hand side of the system. This convenient conventio ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914826

32. Airbrushed Nanofiber Scaffolds Support Bone Marrow Stromal Cell Differentiation
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 11/1/2013
Authors: Carl George Simon Jr, Wojtek J Tutak, Sumona Sarkar, Tanya M. Farooque, Jyotsnendu (Jyotsnendu) Giri, Dongbo Wang, Sheng Lin-Gibson, Joachim Kohn, Durgadas Bolikal
Abstract: Nanofiber scaffolds are effective for tissue engineering since they emulate the fibrous nanostructure of native extracellular matrix (ECM). Although electrospinning has been the most common approach for fabricating nanofiber scaffolds, airbrushi ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912293

33. Considerations for choosing and using force fields and interatomic potentials in materials science and engineering
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/31/2013
Authors: Chandler A Becker, Francesca M Tavazza, Zachary T Trautt, Robert A. Buarque de Macedo
Abstract: Atomistic simulations are increasingly important in scientific and engineering application. However, the chosen potential affects the simulation answer, sometimes significantly. Here we give some examples of this dependence and outline a set of ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914603

34. Elasticity and rigidity percolation in networks of type-purified single-wall carbon nanotubes on flexible substrates
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/29/2013
Authors: John M. Harris, JiYeon Huh, Matthew R Semler, Christopher M Stafford, Steven D Hudson, Jeffrey A Fagan, Erik K Hobbie
Abstract: Wrinkles and folds in compressed thin films of type-purified single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrates are used to study the mechanical response of pristine nanotube networks. While the low-strain plateau moduli ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914147

35. Evaluating Fire Blocking Performance of Barrier Fabrics
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/15/2013
Authors: Shonali Nazare, William M Pitts, Shaun M. Flynn, John R Shields, Rick D Davis
Abstract: The purpose of fire blocking barrier materials is to reduce the flammability of soft furnishings ( mattresses and upholstered furniture) by preventing or delaying direct flame impingement from open flames and/or heat transfer from smoldering igniti ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913773

36. Swelling of Ultrathin Molecular Layer-by-Layer Polyamide Water Desalination Membranes
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 9/30/2013
Authors: Edwin P Chan, Allison P Young, Jung-Hyun Lee, Christopher M Stafford
Abstract: The water vapor swelling behavior of ultrathin crosslinked aromatic polyamide films, synthesized via molecular layer-by-layer deposition, is characterized via specular X-ray reflectivity. The results show that these films expand only along the thickn ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913915

37. Strong Casimir force reduction by metallic surface nanostructuring
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 9/27/2013
Authors: Francesco Intravaia, Stefan T. Koev, Il Woong Jung, Albert A. Talin, Paul S Davids, Ricardo Decca, Vladimir A Aksyuk, Diego A. R. Dalvit, Daniel Lopez
Abstract: The Casimir force is a quantum-mechanical interaction arising from vacuum fluctuations of the electromagnetic (EM) field and is technologically significant in micro- and nanomechanical systems. Despite rapid progress in nanophotonics, the goal of e ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910133

38. Feeling Small: Exploring the tactile perception limits
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 9/12/2013
Authors: Lisa Skedung, Martin Arvidsson, Jun Y. Chung, Christopher M Stafford, Birgitta Berglund, Mark W. Rutland
Abstract: The human finger is exquisitely sensitive in distinguishing different materials, but the question remains as to what length scales are capable of being discriminated in active touch? We combine psychophysical approaches with materials science to man ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911683

39. Characterization of Airborne Nanoparticle Released from Consumer Products
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1787
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 8/29/2013
Authors: Li Piin Sung, Joannie W Chin, Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: This interim report summarizes research results to date under the FY2012 interagency agreement between CPSC and NIST to develop testing and measurement protocols for determining the quantities and properties of nanoparticles released from floorin ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913002

40. Temperature-Programmed Electrospray-Differential Mobility Analysis for Characterization of Ligated Nanoparticles in Complex Media
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 8/12/2013
Authors: De-Hao D. Tsai, Frank W DelRio, John M Pettibone, Pin Ann Lin, Jiaojie Tan, Michael Russel Zachariah, Vincent A Hackley
Abstract: In this study, an electrospray-differential mobility analyzer (ES-DMA) was operated with an aerosol flow-mode, temperature-programmed approach to enhance its ability to characterize the particle size distributions (PSDs) of nanoscale particles (NPs) ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913860



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