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Topic Area: Materials Science
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Displaying records 321 to 330 of 533 records.
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321. Condensed Matter Astrophysics A Prescription for Determining the Species-Specific Composition and Quantity of Interstellar Dust using X-rays
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 9/10/2009
Authors: Bruce D Ravel, Julia C. Lee, Jingen Xiang, Jeffrey Kortright, Kathryn Flanagan
Abstract: We present a new technique for determining the quantity and composition of dust in astrophysical environments using < 6 keV X-rays. We argue that high resolution X-ray spectra as enabled by the Chandra and XMM-Newton gratings should be considered ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=903572

322. Studying Long-term Performance of a Nano-ZnO filled Waterborne Polyurethane Coating using Spectroscopies and Microscopies
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 9/9/2009
Authors: Xiaohong Gu, Dongmei Zhe, Stephanie S Watson, Guodong Chen, Minhua Zhao, Paul E Stutzman, Deborah L Stanley, Tinh Nguyen, Joannie W Chin, Jonathan W. Martin
Abstract: Although inorganic UV absorbers such as zinc oxide (ZnO) and cerium oxide (CeO2) exhibit numerous advantages compared to organic UV absorbers, the mechanisms of how these nanoparticles affect the long-term performance of polymeric coatings are less t ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=903215

323. Elastic Modulus of Amorphous Polymer Thin Films: Relationship to the Glass Transition Temperature
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 8/24/2009
Authors: Jessica M. Torres, Christopher M Stafford, Bryan D. Vogt
Abstract: Understanding the mechanical properties of polymers at the nanoscale is critical in numerous emerging applications. While it has been widely shown that the Tg in thin polymer films decreases due to confinement effects, there is little known about th ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902430

324. Methods for TEM analysis of NIST s single-walled carbon nanotube Standard Reference Material
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 8/20/2009
Authors: Elisabeth Mansfield, Roy Howard Geiss, Jeffrey A Fagan
Abstract: The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is releasing a series of single-walled carbon nanotube Standard Reference Materials (SRMs) to provide consumers with a well-characterized material for their applications. The SWCNT Reference ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=903069

325. Glassy Carbon as an Absolute Intensity Calibration Standard for Small Angle Scattering
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 8/19/2009
Authors: Andrew John Allen, Jan Ilavsky, Fan Zhang, Gabrielle G Long, Pete R. Jemian
Abstract: Absolute calibration of small-angle scattering (SAS) intensity data (in units of differential cross-section per unit sample volume per unit solid angle) is essential for many important aspects of quantitative SAS analysis, such as obtaining the numbe ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=901709

326. Synthesis, characterization and evaluation of novel, anti-bacterial monomers for dental and biomedical applications
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 8/16/2009
Authors: Joseph M Antonucci, Bruce Owen Fowler, Diana N. Zeiger, Nancy J Lin, Sheng Lin-Gibson
Abstract: Although progress has been made in reducing polymerization shrinkage through resin and filler phase modifications, and in designing improved dental adhesion systems, composite fillings still fail clinically because of bacterial infiltration and secon ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=901947

327. Diffusion Under Temperature Gradient: A Phase-field Model Study
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 8/11/2009
Authors: Rashmi R. Mohanty, Jonathan E Guyer, Yong Ho Sohn
Abstract: A diffuse interface model was devised and employed to investigate the effect of thermotransport (a.k.a., thermomigration) process in single-phase and multi-phase alloys of a binary system. Simulation results show that an applied temperature gradien ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902396

328. REFERENCE MATERIALS FOR RHEOMETERS AND THE FLOW TABLE
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 8/3/2009
Authors: Chiara F Ferraris, Zughuo Li, Mona Mohseni, Nicholas Franson
Abstract: Oil is the most used standard material for the calibration of rheometers. Other products are used to calibrate flow devices, i.e., the flow table is calibrated using a mixture of oil and silica powder. The oil is a Newtonian liquid while the oil-sili ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902616

329. Moisture Attack on Adhesive Joints: Roles of Adhesive and Interface Properties
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 7/22/2009
Authors: Donald Lee Hunston, Kar T. Tan, Sushil K. Satija, Christopher C White, Bryan D. Vogt, Cyril Clerici
Abstract: It is well-known that moisture will attack many adhesive joints. A particularly interesting feature is the observation that when the moisture level in certain systems exceeds a critical concentration, the bonded joint shows a dramatic loss of streng ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902839

330. Optimization of arrays of gold nanodisks for plasmon-mediated Brillouin light scattering
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 7/22/2009
Authors: Ward L Johnson, Sudook A Kim, Zhandos Utegulov, B. T. Draine
Abstract: Distributions of electric fields in two-dimensional arrays of gold nanodisks on a Si3N4 membrane, with light incident through the membrane, are modeled with the aim of determining array geometries for effective plasmon-mediated Brillouin light scat ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=854474



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