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Topic Area: Materials Science

Displaying records 81 to 90 of 520 records.
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81. Measurement of Scattering and Absorption Cross Sections of Microspheres for Wavelengths between 240 nm and 800 nm
Series: Journal of Research (NIST JRES)
Report Number: 118.001
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 1/10/2013
Authors: Lili Wang, Steven J Choquette, Adolfas Kastytis Gaigalas
Abstract: A commercial spectrometer with a 150 mm integrating sphere (IS) detector was used to measure the scattering and absorption cross sections of polystyrene monodisperse microspheres suspended in water. Absorption measurements were performed with the ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=909635

82. Band Offset Determination of Atomic-Layer-Deposited Al2O3 and HfO2 on InP by Internal Photoemission and Spectroscopic Ellipsometry
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 1/9/2013
Authors: Kun Xu, Oleg A Kirillov, David J Gundlach, Nhan V Nguyen, Pei D Ye, Min Xu, Lin Dong, Hong Sio
Abstract: Band offsets at the interfaces of n- and p-type InP ((100) and (111)A) and atomic-layer-deposited (ALD) Al2O3 were measured with internal photoemission and spectroscopic ellipsometry. Similarly, the band offsets at the interface of semi-insulatin ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911342

83. Structure and Dynamics Studies of Concentrated Micrometer-Sized Colloidal Suspensions
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 1/7/2013
Authors: Fan Zhang, Andrew John Allen, Lyle E Levine, Jan Ilavsky, Gabrielle Gibbs Long
Abstract: We present an experimental study of the structural and dynamical properties of concentrated suspensions of a series of different sized polystyrene microspheres dispersed in glycerol for volume fraction concentrations between 10 % and 20 %. The static ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912414

84. Ultra-Small Angle X-ray Scattering Instrument at the Advanced Photon Source, History, Recent Development, and Current Status
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 1/1/2013
Authors: Andrew John Allen, Fan Zhang, Lyle E Levine, Gabrielle Gibbs Long, Jan Ilavsky, Pete R. Jemian
Abstract: The history and development over more than 25 years is presented and discussed of an ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering (USAXS) instrument dedicated to serving a broad range of materials research needs. This history is traced from the instrument‰s o ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911113

85. Swelling of ultrathin crosslinked polyamide water desalination membranes
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/27/2012
Authors: Edwin P Chan, Allison P Young, Jung-Hyun Lee, Jun-Young Chung, Christopher M Stafford
Abstract: We study the water swelling behavior of semi-aromatic crosslinked polyamide ultrathin films in order to characterize the materials properties of the polymer network. Specifically, we utilize X-ray reflectivity and quartz crystal microbalance to m ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912297

86. Nanoscale Specific Heat Capacity Measurements Using Optoelectronic Bilayer Microcantilevers
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/12/2012
Authors: Brian G. (Brian Gregory) Burke, William A Osborn, Richard Swift Gates, David A LaVan
Abstract: We describe a new technique for optically and electrically detecting and heating bilayer microcantilevers (Pt−SiNx) to high temperatures at fast heating rates for nanoscale specific heat capacity measurements. The bilayer microcantilever acts s ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912233

87. Capturing nanoscale in network gels by microemulsion polymerization
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/3/2012
Authors: Kirt Anthony Page, John Texter, Dustin England
Abstract: Difficulties in capturing nanoscale structure by polymerizing microemulsions have persisted with the use of thermal initiation. Bicontinuous microemulsion polymerization with reactive surfactant monomer and cross-linker was done with only a 20% i ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912333

88. High-energy Ultra-Small Angle X-ray Scattering Instrument at the Advanced Photon Source
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/1/2012
Authors: Andrew John Allen, Lyle E Levine, Fan Zhang, Gabrielle Gibbs Long, Jan Ilavsky, Pete R. Jemian
Abstract: This paper reports recent tests performed on the Bonse-Hart-type ultra-small angle X-ray scattering (USAXS) instrument at the Advanced Photon Source with higher-order reflection optics , Si (440) instead of Si (220) , and with X-ray energies greate ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911966

89. First Principles Phase Diagram Calculations for the Octahedral-Interstitial System ZrO(sub x), 0 less or greater X less or greater 0.5
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 11/27/2012
Authors: Benjamin P Burton, A Van de Walle
Abstract: First principles based phase diagram calculations were performed for the octahedral-interstitial solid solution system $\alpha ZrO_{X}$~ $0 \leq X \leq 1/2$ ($\alpha Zr[~~]_{1-X}O_{X}$; [~~]=Vacancy). The cluster expansion method was used to do a gro ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=908313

90. Workshop Report: Building the Materials Innovation Infrastructure: Data and Standards A Materials Genome Initiative Workshop
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 7898
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 11/23/2012
Authors: James A Warren, Ronald F Boisvert
Abstract: The Materials Genome Initiative (MGI) is a multi-agency, multi-stakeholder effort to develop the infrastructure needed to enable the materials science community to discover, develop, manufacture, and deploy advanced materials at least twice as fa ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912684



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