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Displaying records 41 to 50 of 548 records.
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41. Thermodynamic modelling of liquids: CALPHAD approaches and contributions from statistical physics
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/20/2013
Authors: Chandler A Becker, J Agren, Marcello Baricco, Qing Chen, Sergei A. Decterov, Ursula R Kattner, John Perepezko, Gernot Pottlacher, Malin Selleby
Abstract: Here we describe current approaches to modelling liquids in CALPHAD. available experimental methods and results, and considerations in the use of molecular simulation and first-principles methods in thermodynamic modelling of liquids. We examin ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914602

42. Towards a Reference Polyurethane Foam and Bench Scale Test for Assessing Smoldering in Upholstered Furniture
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/8/2013
Authors: Mauro Zammarano, Szabolcs Matko, William M Pitts, Douglas Matthew Fox, Rick D Davis
Abstract: Smoldering poses a severe fire hazard due to the potentially lethal amount of toxic carbon monoxide released, and the possibility to reach flashover (through transition from smoldering to flaming) with heat sources otherwise too weak to directly ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914809

43. Impact of UV Irradiation on the Surface Chemistry and Structure of Multiwall Carbon Nanotube Epoxy Nanocomposites
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/6/2013
Authors: Elijah J Petersen, Thomas Fung Lam, Justin M Gorham, Keana C K Scott, Christian John Long, Deborah L Stanley, Renu Sharma, James Alexander Liddle, Tinh Nguyen
Abstract: One of the most promising applications of nanomaterials is as nanofillers to enhance the properties of polymeric materials. However, the effect of nanofillers on polymers subject to typical environmental stresses, such as ultraviolet (UV) radiation, ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913865

44. What's in a Name
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 11/4/2013
Author: Ursula R Kattner
Abstract: In the early days of alloy phase diagrams phases were named using Greek letters in unary systems, from lower temperatures to higher temperatures, and in binary systems from the left to the right hand side of the system. This convenient conventio ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914826

45. Airbrushed Nanofiber Scaffolds Support Bone Marrow Stromal Cell Differentiation
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 11/1/2013
Authors: Carl George Simon Jr., Wojtek J Tutak, Sumona Sarkar, Tanya M. Farooque, Jyotsnendu (Jyotsnendu) Giri, Dongbo Wang, Sheng Lin-Gibson, Joachim Kohn, Durgadas Bolikal
Abstract: Nanofiber scaffolds are effective for tissue engineering since they emulate the fibrous nanostructure of native extracellular matrix (ECM). Although electrospinning has been the most common approach for fabricating nanofiber scaffolds, airbrushi ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912293

46. Considerations for choosing and using force fields and interatomic potentials in materials science and engineering
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/31/2013
Authors: Chandler A Becker, Francesca M Tavazza, Zachary T Trautt, Robert A. Buarque de Macedo
Abstract: Atomistic simulations are increasingly important in scientific and engineering application. However, the chosen potential affects the simulation answer, sometimes significantly. Here we give some examples of this dependence and outline a set of ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914603

47. Elasticity and rigidity percolation in networks of type-purified single-wall carbon nanotubes on flexible substrates
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/29/2013
Authors: John M. Harris, JiYeon Huh, Matthew R Semler, Christopher M Stafford, Steven D Hudson, Jeffrey A Fagan, Erik K Hobbie
Abstract: Wrinkles and folds in compressed thin films of type-purified single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrates are used to study the mechanical response of pristine nanotube networks. While the low-strain plateau moduli ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914147

48. Evaluating Fire Blocking Performance of Barrier Fabrics
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/15/2013
Authors: Shonali Nazare, William M Pitts, Shaun M. Flynn, John R Shields, Rick D Davis
Abstract: The purpose of fire blocking barrier materials is to reduce the flammability of soft furnishings ( mattresses and upholstered furniture) by preventing or delaying direct flame impingement from open flames and/or heat transfer from smoldering igniti ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913773

49. Swelling of Ultrathin Molecular Layer-by-Layer Polyamide Water Desalination Membranes
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 9/30/2013
Authors: Edwin P Chan, Allison P Young, Jung-Hyun Lee, Christopher M Stafford
Abstract: The water vapor swelling behavior of ultrathin crosslinked aromatic polyamide films, synthesized via molecular layer-by-layer deposition, is characterized via specular X-ray reflectivity. The results show that these films expand only along the thickn ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913915

50. Strong Casimir force reduction by metallic surface nanostructuring
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 9/27/2013
Authors: Francesco Intravaia, Stefan T. Koev, Il Woong Jung, Albert A. Talin, Paul S Davids, Ricardo Decca, Vladimir A Aksyuk, Diego A. R. Dalvit, Daniel Lopez
Abstract: The Casimir force is a quantum-mechanical interaction arising from vacuum fluctuations of the electromagnetic (EM) field and is technologically significant in micro- and nanomechanical systems. Despite rapid progress in nanophotonics, the goal of e ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910133



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