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Topic Area: Materials Science

Displaying records 331 to 340 of 526 records.
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331. High Strain Rate Tissue Simulant Measurements Using digital Image Correlation
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 6/1/2009
Authors: Steven P Mates, Richard L. Rhorer, Richard Everett, Kirth Simmonds, Amit Bagchi
Abstract: Measuring the response of soft materials to high strain rate deformation is extremely challenging because of the difficulty of achieving dynamic equilibrium during high strain rate mechanical testing such as Kolsky bar testing. Digital image correlat ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902304

332. The value of shade: Estimating the effect of urban trees on summertime electricity use
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 6/1/2009
Authors: Geoffrey Donovan, David T Butry
Abstract: We estimated the effect of shade trees on the summertime electricity use of 640 single-family homes in Sacramento, California. Results show that trees on the west and south sides of a house reduce summertime electricity use, whereas trees on the nort ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=900257

333. Capillary Instability in Nanoimprinted Polymer Films
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 5/21/2009
Authors: Kyle J. Alvine, Yifu Ding, Hyun W. Ro, Brian C. Okerberg, Alamgir Karim, Christopher L Soles, Jack F Douglas
Abstract: Capillary forces play an active role in defining the equilibrium structure of nanoscale structures. This effect can be especially pronounced in soft materials such as polymers near or above their glass transition temperatures where material flow is ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=852751

334. Response of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells Under Mechanical Deformation Using Silane-Linked Laminin
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 4/22/2009
Authors: Joy P Dunkers, Juan M. Taboas
Abstract: For mechanotransduction studies, extracellular matrix proteins should be robustly attached to the surface to prevent cell delamination during deformation. The standard surface modification method is to incubate proteins on an oxidized, flexible surfa ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=900879

335. Modelling of Thermodynamics and Diffusion in Multicomponent Systems
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 4/1/2009
Authors: Ursula R Kattner, Carelyn E Campbell
Abstract: The availability of reliable materials data is key to the successful design of materials and manufacturing processes.  Commercial alloys rarely consist of only two or three elements, but rather may contain a large number of elements for which the nee ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=853592

336. Hydrogen-Steel Compatibility Research at NIST-Boulder
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 3/30/2009
Author: Thomas Allen Siewert
Abstract: The NIST Materials Reliability Division is outfitting a high pressure (100 MPa) hydrogen testing facility to collect mechanical and thermodynamic property data on various candidate structural materials, and is developing data on nondestructive sens ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902004

337. MULTI-DISCIPLINARY LIFE-CYCLE METRICS AND TOOLS FOR GREEN BUILDINGS* Prepared for the Multi-Discipline Life Cycle Assessment Projects special section in Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 3/29/2009
Authors: Jennifer F Helgeson, Barbara C. Lippiatt
Abstract: Building sector stakeholders need compelling metrics, tools, data, and case studies supporting major investments in sustainable technologies. Proponents of green building widely claim that buildings integrating sustainable technologies are cost-effec ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=861595

338. Dielectric Spectroscopy Investigation of Relaxation in C60-Polyisoprene Nanocomposites
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 3/23/2009
Authors: Yifu Ding, Sebastian Pawlus, Alexei Sokolov, Jack F Douglas, Alamgir Karim, Christopher L Soles
Abstract: We investigate the influence of adding C60 nanoparticles on the dielectric relaxation spectra of both unentangled and entangled polyisoprene (PIP). Relaxation modes corresponding to both segmental and chain relaxation were analyzed over a broad tempe ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=900194

339. Examination of thin film modulus for a series of poly(alkyl methacrylates)
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 3/22/2009
Authors: Jessica M. Torres, Christopher M Stafford, Bryan D. Vogt
Abstract: In this work, the modulus of polymer thin films for a homologous series of poly(n-alkyl methacrylate)s will be discussed. In particular, the impact of the degree of undercooling from bulk Tg on the deviations will be explored as Tg is significantly ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=900216

340. Patterns of Ensemble Variation of the Optical Properties of ZnO Nanowires Grown with Copper and Gold Catalysts
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 3/19/2009
Authors: Susie Eustis, Lawrence H Robins, Babak Nikoobakht
Abstract: Analysis of the structural and optical properties of gold- and copper-catalyzed zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires (NWs), grown in a high temperature tube furnace on a sapphire substrate shows non-uniformity over the substrate. The changes in the optical pr ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=832348



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