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Topic Area: Materials Science

Displaying records 321 to 330 of 531 records.
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321. Elastic Modulus of Amorphous Polymer Thin Films: Relationship to the Glass Transition Temperature
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 8/24/2009
Authors: Jessica M. Torres, Christopher M Stafford, Bryan D. Vogt
Abstract: Understanding the mechanical properties of polymers at the nanoscale is critical in numerous emerging applications. While it has been widely shown that the Tg in thin polymer films decreases due to confinement effects, there is little known about th ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902430

322. Methods for TEM analysis of NIST s single-walled carbon nanotube Standard Reference Material
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 8/20/2009
Authors: Elisabeth Mansfield, Roy Howard Geiss, Jeffrey A Fagan
Abstract: The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is releasing a series of single-walled carbon nanotube Standard Reference Materials (SRMs) to provide consumers with a well-characterized material for their applications. The SWCNT Reference ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=903069

323. Glassy Carbon as an Absolute Intensity Calibration Standard for Small Angle Scattering
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 8/19/2009
Authors: Andrew John Allen, Jan Ilavsky, Fan Zhang, Gabrielle G Long, Pete R. Jemian
Abstract: Absolute calibration of small-angle scattering (SAS) intensity data (in units of differential cross-section per unit sample volume per unit solid angle) is essential for many important aspects of quantitative SAS analysis, such as obtaining the numbe ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=901709

324. Synthesis, characterization and evaluation of novel, anti-bacterial monomers for dental and biomedical applications
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 8/16/2009
Authors: Joseph M Antonucci, Bruce Owen Fowler, Diana N. Zeiger, Nancy J Lin, Sheng Lin-Gibson
Abstract: Although progress has been made in reducing polymerization shrinkage through resin and filler phase modifications, and in designing improved dental adhesion systems, composite fillings still fail clinically because of bacterial infiltration and secon ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=901947

325. Diffusion Under Temperature Gradient: A Phase-field Model Study
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 8/11/2009
Authors: Rashmi R. Mohanty, Jonathan E Guyer, Yong Ho Sohn
Abstract: A diffuse interface model was devised and employed to investigate the effect of thermotransport (a.k.a., thermomigration) process in single-phase and multi-phase alloys of a binary system. Simulation results show that an applied temperature gradien ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902396

326. REFERENCE MATERIALS FOR RHEOMETERS AND THE FLOW TABLE
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 8/3/2009
Authors: Chiara F Ferraris, Zughuo Li, Mona Mohseni, Nicholas Franson
Abstract: Oil is the most used standard material for the calibration of rheometers. Other products are used to calibrate flow devices, i.e., the flow table is calibrated using a mixture of oil and silica powder. The oil is a Newtonian liquid while the oil-sili ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902616

327. Moisture Attack on Adhesive Joints: Roles of Adhesive and Interface Properties
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 7/22/2009
Authors: Donald Lee Hunston, Kar T. Tan, Sushil K. Satija, Christopher C White, Bryan D. Vogt, Cyril Clerici
Abstract: It is well-known that moisture will attack many adhesive joints. A particularly interesting feature is the observation that when the moisture level in certain systems exceeds a critical concentration, the bonded joint shows a dramatic loss of streng ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902839

328. Optimization of arrays of gold nanodisks for plasmon-mediated Brillouin light scattering
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 7/22/2009
Authors: Ward L Johnson, Sudook A Kim, Zhandos Utegulov, B. T. Draine
Abstract: Distributions of electric fields in two-dimensional arrays of gold nanodisks on a Si3N4 membrane, with light incident through the membrane, are modeled with the aim of determining array geometries for effective plasmon-mediated Brillouin light scat ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=854474

329. Degradation and Nanofiller Release of Polymer Nanocomposites Exposed to UV
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 7/15/2009
Authors: Tinh T. Nguyen, Bastien T. Pellegrin, Alexander J. Shapiro, Xiaohong Gu, Joannie W Chin
Abstract: Nanofillers are increasingly used to enhance multifunctional properties of polymers. However, recent research suggests that nanomaterials may have a negative impact on the environmental health and safety. Since polymers are susceptible to photodegrad ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902990

330. Long-Term Performance of Nano-Filled Polymeric Materials: Effect of ZnO Nanoparticles on Photodegradation of a Waterborne Polyurethane Coating
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 7/8/2009
Authors: Xiaohong Gu, Dongmei Zhe, Minhua Zhao, Guodong Chen, Nhieu Ly, Paul E Stutzman, Li Piin Sung, Tinh T. Nguyen, Joannie W Chin
Abstract: Polymers are widely used as exterior coatings in buildings, bridges, aircrafts and automobiles for both protection and aesthetic purposes. However, the service life of the applied coatings is limited due to the photodegradation of polymers induced by ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902293



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