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You searched on: Topic Area: Materials Science

Displaying records 301 to 310 of 445 records.
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301. Laser Patterning of Diamond. Part II. Surface Nondiamond Carbon Formation and its Removal
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/30/2009
Authors: Daniel A Fischer, John Smedley, Trvini Rao, Cherno Jaye, Jen Bohon
Abstract: As diamond becomes more prevalent for electronic and research applications, methods of patterning diamond will be required. One such method, laser ablation, has been investigated in a related work.1 We report on the formation of surface non-diamond c ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902382

302. Generation of Monolayer Gradients in Surface Energy and Chemistry for Block Copolymer Thin Film Studies
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/1/2009
Authors: Julie N. L. Albert, Michael J. Baney, Christopher M Stafford, Jennifer Y. Kelly, Thomas H Epps
Abstract: We utilize an innovative vapor deposition set-up and cross-diffusion of functionalized chlorosilanes under dynamic vacuum to generate a linear gradient in surface energy and composition on a silicon substrate. The gradient can be tuned by manipulati ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902680

303. A METHODOLOGY FOR DETECTING RESIDUAL PHOSPHORIC ACID IN POLYBENZOXAZOLE FIBERS
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 11/24/2009
Authors: Eun S. Park, John R Sieber, Charles Martin Guttman, Kirk D Rice, Kathleen M. Flynn, Stephanie S Watson, Gale Antrus Holmes
Abstract: There is great interest in the degradation of ballistic fibers from exposure to sunlight and high humidity, because it directly affects the lives of people who use protective ballistic armor. However, to date, no mechanism has been found to explain ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902056

304. Cost-effectiveness, Carbon Emissions, and Carbon Tax Implications of Energy Efficiency Measures in New Commercial Buildings.
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 11/1/2009
Authors: Joshua D Kneifel, Barbara C. Lippiatt
Abstract: Building energy efficiency has become a top priority due to the recent energy price spikes and increasing concern regarding climate change. New buildings are the easiest and least costly in which to increase energy efficiency, making new construction ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902101

305. Mineralogical and Microstructural Evolution Review
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 11/1/2009
Author: Kenneth Alan Snyder
Abstract: The mineralogical and microstructural changes that occur in cementitious systems during hydration are summarized. The discussion concentrates on changes that may occur in iso-thermal systems that do not interact with the environment. The discussion ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=901944

306. Surface indentation arrays for high-throughput analysis of viscoelastic material properties
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/30/2009
Authors: Peter M. Johnson, Christopher M Stafford
Abstract: Viscoelastic relaxation processes factor into polymer performance and stability throughout an application lifetime. These relaxations are controlled by the polymer network structure and dynamics which occur at different orders of magnitude in time. ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902859

307. Hydration kinetics and microstructure development of normal and CaCl2 accelerated tricalcium silicate pastes
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/26/2009
Authors: Andrew John Allen, Jeffrey J. Thomas, Hamlin M Jennings
Abstract: Microstructure development and the kinetics of hydration of pure tricalcium silicate (C3S) and CaCl2-accelerated C3S pastes were investigated by performing isothermal calorimetry and in situ small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurements on para ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=903017

308. A Fast, Simple Wafer-level Hall-Mobility Measurement Technique
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/21/2009
Authors: Liangchun (Liangchun) Yu, Kin P Cheung, Vinayak Tilak, Greg Dunne, Kevin Matocha, Jason P Campbell, Kuang Sheng
Abstract: Mobility is a good indicator of device reliability. High channel mobility is one of the biggest challenges especially in novel devices such as high-k based MOSFET, III-V devices and SiC power MOSFET etc. Accurate measurement of channel mobility is ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=905424

309. Ground Truth Data Using 3D Imaging for Urban Search and Rescue Robots
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/14/2009
Authors: Nicholas A. Scott, Alan M. (Alan M.) Lytle
Abstract: The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is leading an effort to develop performance standards for ur- ban search and rescue robots (US&R). An important com- ponent of developing performance standards for these robots is capturing ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=903811

310. A Combined Fit of Total Scattering and Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Data for Local-Structure Determination in Crystalline Materials
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/5/2009
Authors: Igor Levin, Victor Lvovich Krayzman, Joseph C Woicik, Terrell Ann Vanderah, M. G. Tucker, Thomas Proffen
Abstract: Reverse Monte Carlo (RMC) refinements of local structure using a simultaneous fit of x-ray/neutron total scattering and EXAFS data were developed to incorporate an explicit treatment of both single- and multiple-scattering contributions to EXAFS. T ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902352



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