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Topic Area: Materials Science

Displaying records 301 to 310 of 525 records.
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301. Hydration kinetics and microstructure development of normal and CaCl2 accelerated tricalcium silicate pastes
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/26/2009
Authors: Andrew John Allen, Jeffrey J. Thomas, Hamlin M Jennings
Abstract: Microstructure development and the kinetics of hydration of pure tricalcium silicate (C3S) and CaCl2-accelerated C3S pastes were investigated by performing isothermal calorimetry and in situ small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurements on para ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=903017

302. Artificial Intelligence Tools for Failure Event Data Management and Probability Risk Analysis for Failure Prevention
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/25/2009
Authors: Jeffrey T Fong, Pedro Vincente Marcal
Abstract: Over the last thirty years, much research has been done on the development of failure event databases and fatigue modeling of crack growth in pressure vessels and piping. According to a USNRC report (NUREG/CR6674, 2000), results of a fatigue crack g ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=903592

303. A Fast, Simple Wafer-level Hall-Mobility Measurement Technique
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/21/2009
Authors: Liangchun Yu, Kin P Cheung, Vinayak Tilak, Greg Dunne, Kevin Matocha, Jason P Campbell, Kuang Sheng
Abstract: Mobility is a good indicator of device reliability. High channel mobility is one of the biggest challenges especially in novel devices such as high-k based MOSFET, III-V devices and SiC power MOSFET etc. Accurate measurement of channel mobility is ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=905424

304. Ground Truth Data Using 3D Imaging for Urban Search and Rescue Robots
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/14/2009
Authors: Nicholas A. Scott, Alan M. (Alan M.) Lytle
Abstract: The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is leading an effort to develop performance standards for ur- ban search and rescue robots (US&R). An important com- ponent of developing performance standards for these robots is capturing ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=903811

305. Mathematical Metrology for Evaluating a 6DOF Visual Servoing System
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/8/2009
Authors: Tommy Chang, Tsai Hong Hong, Milli Shah, Roger D Eastman
Abstract: In this paper we develop the best homogeneous matrix trans- formation to fit two streams of dynamic six-degree-of-freedom (6DOF) data for evaluating perception systems using ground truth. In particular, we compare object position and orien- tation re ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=903632

306. A Combined Fit of Total Scattering and Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Data for Local-Structure Determination in Crystalline Materials
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/5/2009
Authors: Igor Levin, Victor Lvovich Krayzman, Joseph C Woicik, Terrell A Vanderah, M. G. Tucker, Thomas Proffen
Abstract: Reverse Monte Carlo (RMC) refinements of local structure using a simultaneous fit of x-ray/neutron total scattering and EXAFS data were developed to incorporate an explicit treatment of both single- and multiple-scattering contributions to EXAFS. T ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902352

307. A Novel Method to Covalently Functionalize Carbon Nanotubes with Isocyanates
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 9/30/2009
Authors: Tinh Nguyen, Aline Granier, Kristen L Steffens, Hajin Lee, Naomi Eidelman, Jonathan W. Martin
Abstract: We have developed a novel method to covalently functionalize carbon nanotubes (CNTs) that carry free isocyanate (N=C=O) groups. NCO-functionalized CNTs (NCO-fCNTs) are very desirable, because the NCO group is highly reactive with hydrogen-active grou ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=903766

308. Development of Soft Armor Conditioning Protocols for NIJ 0101.06: Analytical Results
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 7627
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 9/24/2009
Authors: Amanda Lattam Forster, Kirk D Rice, Michael A Riley, Guillaume Messin, Sylvain H. Petit, Cyril Clerici, Gale Antrus Holmes, Joannie W Chin
Abstract: This publication details the four major phases of analytical development work, coupled with several additional side studies, undertaken by the Office of Law Enforcement Standards in writing the Flexible Armor Conditioning Protocol in NIJ 0101.06. Th ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902601

309. A Coherent Approach for Interrogating Polybenzoxazole Fibers for Residual Phosphoric Acid
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 7573
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 9/17/2009
Authors: Gale Antrus Holmes, Eun S. Park, Charles Martin Guttman, Kathleen M. Flynn, John R Sieber, Stephanie S Watson, Kirk D Rice
Abstract: Because of the premature failure of soft-body armor that contains the active fiber poly [(benzo-[1,2-d:5,4-d‰]-benzoxazole-2,6-diyl)-1,4-phenylene] (PBO), the Office of Law Enforcement Standards (OLES) at the National Institute of Standards and Techn ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902057

310. MORPHOLOGY AND FRACTURE OF ENAMEL
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 9/16/2009
Authors: Sang-Won Myoung, James J. Lee, Paul Constantino, Peter Lucas, Brian Ronald Lawn
Abstract: Teeth are remarkable biological structures, brittle but resilient. Here we examine the inter-relation between enamel morphology and crack resistance by sectioning human molar teeth after loading to fracture. The sections reveal that many cracks s ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=901535



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