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Topic Area: Materials Science

Displaying records 1 to 10 of 507 records.
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1. Obstacle Detection and Avoidance from an Automated Guided Vehicle
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 9/18/2014
Authors: Roger V Bostelman, William P Shackleford, Geraldine S Cheok
Abstract: Current automated guided vehicle (AGV) technology typically provides material handling flow along single or dual opposing-flow lanes in manufacturing and distribution facilities. An AGV stops for most any obstacle that may be in its path which then ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915448

2. Non-destructive Measurement of the Residual Stresses in Copper Through-Silicon Vias using Synchrotron Based Micro-beam X-ray Diffraction
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 7/1/2014
Authors: Chukwudi Azubuike Okoro, Lyle E Levine, Yaw S Obeng, Klaus Hummler, Ruqing Xu
Abstract: In this study, we report a new method for achieving depth resolved determination of the full stress tensor in buried Cu through-silicon vias (TSVs), using synchrotron based X-ray micro-diffraction technique. Two adjacent Cu TSVs were analyzed; on ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915348

3. Simultaneous Imaging of the Ferromagnetic and Ferroelectric Structure in Multiferroic Heterostructures
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 7/1/2014
Authors: John Unguris, Samuel R Bowden, Daniel Thornton Pierce, M. Trassin, R. Ramesh, S.- W. Cheong, Sean Fackler, Ichiro Takeuchi
Abstract: Combining ferromagnetic and ferroelectric materials has produced exciting new opportunities to design and produce structures with new functionalities.1,2,3 In particular, ferromagnetic/ferroelectric multilayers provide a means of making nanodevices w ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914738

4. Synchrotron-Based Measurement of the Impact of Thermal Cycling on the Evolution of Stresses in Cu Through-Silicon Via
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 6/30/2014
Authors: Chukwudi Azubuike Okoro, Lyle E Levine, Ruqing Xu, Klaus Hummler, Yaw S Obeng
Abstract: One of the main causes of failure during the lifetime of microelectronics devices is their exposure to fluctuating temperatures. In this work, synchrotron-based X-ray micro-diffraction is used to study the evolution of stresses in copper through-sili ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915982

5. Multi-method analysis of multiwall carbon nanotube polymer nanocomposite samples after photodegradation
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 6/16/2014
Authors: Elijah J Petersen, Thomas Fung Lam, Justin M Gorham, Keana C k Scott, Christian John Long, Renu Sharma, Li Piin Sung, James Alexander Liddle, Tinh Nguyen
Abstract: Nanomaterials can be used as nanofillers to enhance the properties of polymeric materials. However, the effect of weathering on nanocomposites and the potential for nanomaterial release is not yet well understood. Multiple analytical methods are ne ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915812

6. Quantifying Crystallinity in High Molar Mass Poly(3-hexylthiophene)
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 6/3/2014
Authors: Chad R Snyder, Ryan C Nieuwendaal, Dean M DeLongchamp, Christine K Luscombe, Prakash Sista, Shane D Boyd
Abstract: We extend a recent comprehensive study of 3-hexylthiophene oligomers to high molar mass poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) fractions, such as those used in organic photovoltaic devices. Through a combination of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915163

7. Control Fusion for Safe Multi-robot Coordination
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 5/9/2014
Authors: Roger V Bostelman, Jeremy A Marvel
Abstract: Future smart manufacturing systems will include more complex coordination of mobile manipulators (e.g., robot arms mounted on mobile bases). The National Institute of Standards and Technology, Performance of Collaborative Robot Systems Project has b ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915915

8. Measuring Organelle Shape in 3D in Stem Cells Cultured on Nanofiber Scaffolds
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 4/19/2014
Authors: Carl George Simon Jr, Peter Bajcsy, Wojtek J Tutak, Jyotsnendu (Jyotsnendu) Giri
Abstract: Previous work has demonstrated that culture of osteoprogenitor cells on nanofiber scaffolds can potentiate osteogenic differentiation [1-4]. Culture of cells in nanofiber scaffolds causes changes to cell morphology, suggesting that morphological ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914995

9. Preparation of nanocomposite plasmonic films made from cellulose nanocrystals or mesoporous silica decorated with unidirectionally aligned gold nanorods
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 4/11/2014
Authors: Michael Campbell, Qingkun Liu, Aric Warner Sanders, Julian Evans, Ivan I. Smalyukh
Abstract: Using liquid crystalline self-assembly of cellulose nanocrystals, we achieve long-range alignment of anisotropic metal nanoparticles in colloidal nanocrystal dispersions that are then used to deposit thin structured films with ordering features h ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915636

10. Recent Advances in Focused Ion Beam Technology and Applications
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 4/11/2014
Authors: Nabil Bassim, Keana C k Scott, Lucille A Giannuzzi
Abstract: Focused ion beam (FIB) microscopes are extremely versatile and powerful instruments for materials research. These microscopes, when coupled in a system with a scanning electron microscope (SEM), offer the opportunity for novel sample imaging, secti ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915390



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