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You searched on: Topic Area: Remote Sensing

Displaying records 1 to 10 of 33 records.
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1. A collection and statistical analysis of skin reflectance signatures for inherent variability over the 250 nm to 2500 nm spectral range
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 6/4/2014
Authors: Catherine C Cooksey, Benjamin K Tsai, David W Allen
Abstract: The spectral reflectance signature of human skin provides opportunities to advance observations ranging from medical treatment to security applications. In this study 28 volunteers participated in a skin reflectance measurement of the inside of the r ...

2. Achieving Climate Change Absolute Accuracy in Orbit
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 10/28/2013
Authors: Bruce Wielicki, Joseph Paul Rice
Abstract: The Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) mission will provide a metrology laboratory in orbit for the purpose of accurately measuring and attributing climate change. CLARREO measurements establish new climate change benchm ...

3. Remote sensing of chiral signatures on Mars
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 11/1/2012
Authors: William Sparks, James H. Hough, Thomas Avery Germer, Frank Robb, Ludmilla Kolokolova
Abstract: We describe circular polarization as a remote sensing diagnostic of chiral signatures which may be applied to Mars. The remarkable phenomenon of homochirality provides a unique biosignature which can be amenable to remote sensing through circular ...

4. Lunar Spectral Irradiance and radiance (LUSI): new instrumentation to characterize the Moon as a space-based radiometric standard
Series: Journal of Research (NIST JRES)
Report Number: 117.011
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 7/17/2012
Authors: Allan W. Smith, Steven Ray Lorentz, Raju Vsnu Datla, Thomas C. Stone
Abstract: The need to understand and monitor climate change has led to proposed radiometric accuracy requirements for space-based remote-sensing instruments that are very stringent and currently beyond the reach of many Earth orbiting instruments. A major ...

5. SORCE SSI Workshop Summary
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 7/1/2012
Authors: Joseph Paul Rice, Jerald Harder, Martin Snow, Thomas Woods
Abstract: Over 30 scientists and calibration specialists gathered at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Gaithersburg, Maryland, for the first Solar Spectral Irradiance (SSI) Variations Workshop, Feb. 28-March 1, 2012. The purpose of t ...

6. Measurement of H2O-Broadening of O2 A-band Transitions and Implications for Atmospheric Remote Sensing
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 3/27/2012
Authors: E. M. Vess, C. J. Wallace, H. M. Campbell, V. E. Awadalla, Joseph Terence Hodges, David A Long, D. K. Havey
Abstract: We present laboratory measurements of H2O-broadened 16O2 A-band ( ) absorption spectra acquired with a laser-based photoacoustic spectroscopy method. This absorption band is widely used in a variety of high-precision atmospheric remote sensing appli ...

7. An absolute cavity pyrgeometer to measure the absolute outdoor longwave irradiance with traceability to International System of Units, SI
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 3/1/2012
Authors: Ibrahim Reda, Jinan Zeng, Jonathan Scheuch, Leonard M Hanssen, Daryl Myers, Boris Wilthan, Tom Stoffel
Abstract: This article describes a method of measuring the absolute outdoor longwave irradiance using an absolute cavity pyrgeometer (ACP). The ACP consists ofa domeless thermopile pyrgeometer, gold- plated concentrator, temperature controller, and data acqu ...

8. High-Resolution Passive Video-Rate Imaging at 350 GHz
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 5/26/2011
Author: Daniel T Becker
Abstract: We are developing a 350 GHz cryogenic passive video imaging system for use in standoff security applications. This demonstration system uses 800 photon-noise-limited superconducting transition edge sensor bolometers, read out using a time-divisi ...

9. A High Resolution High-Sensitivity Standoff Imaging System at 350 GHz
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 5/23/2011
Authors: Daniel T Becker, Cale Gentry, James A Beall, Hsiao-Mei Cho, William Duncan, Gene C Hilton, Kent D Irwin, Peter J Lowell, Michael D. Niemack, Nicholas G Paulter Jr., Carl D Reintsema, Francis Joseph Schima, Robert E Schwall, Peter Ade, Carole Tucker, Simon Dicker, Halpern Mark
Abstract: Millimeter wavelength radiation holds promise for detection of security threats at a distance, including suicide bomb belts and maritime threats in poor weather conditions. The sensitivity provided by superconducting Transition-Edge-Sensor (TES) bol ...

10. Workshop on Bridging Satellite Climate Data Gaps
Series: Journal of Research (NIST JRES)
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 2/16/2011
Authors: Catherine C Cooksey, Raju Vsnu Datla
Abstract: Detecting the small signals of climate change for the most essential climate variables requires that satellite sensors make highly accurate and consistent measurements. Data gaps in the time series (such as possible launch delay or failure) or incon ...

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