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Topic Area: Radiation Physics
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Displaying records 51 to 60 of 66 records.
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51. Relationship between CTDI values and measured Peak Skin Dose (PSD)
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 7/16/2013
Authors: Ronaldo Minniti, Hugo de las Heras Gala, Sean Wilson, Chad Mitchell, Marlene Skopec, Claudia Brunner, Kish Chakrabarti
Abstract: In this work we relate the CT dose index volume (CTDIvol) readily displayed in all CT units with an actual Peak Skin Dose (PSD) value. Measurements of the CTDI and skin exposure were performed simultaneously using an ionization chamber and radiochrom ...

52. Reply to ,Comment on "Testing Three-body Quantum Electrodynamics with Trapped Ti20+ Ions: Evidence for a Z-Dependent Divergence between Experiment and Calculation"
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 4/12/2013
Authors: Lawrence T Hudson, C T Chantler, M N Kinnane, John D Gillaspy, A.T. Payne, L F Smale, Albert Henins, Joshua M Pomeroy, J A Kimpton, E Takacs, K Makonyi
Abstract: We find that Epp‰s [1] hypothesis - namely that the current experimental data set is well represented by a small constant or zero offset from the predictions of Artemyev et al. [2] - is not supported by standard statistical analysis. We find that add ...

53. Response of large area avalanche photodiodes to low energy X-rays
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 4/30/2012
Authors: Thomas R. Gentile, Uwe Arp, M J Bales, R Farrell
Abstract: For an experiment to study neutron radiative beta-decay, we operated large area avalanche photodiodes (APDs) at liquid nitrogen temperature to detect X-rays with energies between 0.2 keV and 15 keV. Whereas there are numerous reports of X-ray spect ...

54. Scaling studies with the dual crystal spectrometer at the OMEGA-EP laser facility
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 10/26/2010
Authors: Lawrence T Hudson, C.I Szabo, J. Workman, K. Flippo, Uri Feldman, Albert Henins
Abstract: The dual crystal spectrometer (DCS) is an approved diagnostic at the OMEGA and the OMEGA-EP laser facilities for the measurement of high energy x-rays in the 11 90 keV energy range, e.g., for verification of the x-ray spectrum of backlighter target ...

55. Search for a T-odd, P-even Triple Correlation in Neutron Decay
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 9/14/2012
Authors: Jeffrey S Nico, T E. Chupp, K P Coulter, R L Cooper, S. J. Freeman, B. K. Fujikawa, A. Garcia, G L. Jones, Hans P Mumm, Alan K Thompson, C A Trull, F. E Wiefeldt, J. F. Wilkerson
Abstract: Time-reversal-invariance (T) violation, or equivalently, assuming charge-conjugation-parity-time-reversal (CPT) invariance, CP violation may explain the observed cosmological baryon asymmetry as well as signal physics beyond the Standard Model. In th ...

56. Standardization of Broadband UV Measurements
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 1/1/2013
Author: George P Eppeldauer
Abstract: The CIE standardized rectangular-shape UV response functions can be realized only with large spectral mismatch errors. The spectral power-distribution of UV sources is not standardized. Accordingly, the readings of different types of UV meters, even ...

57. Supplementary comparison CCR(IK)-S2 of standards for absorbed dose to water Co-60 gamma radiation at radiation processing dose levels
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 7/25/2011
Authors: Marc F Desrosiers, D T Burns, P J Allisy-Roberts, P H Sharpe, M. Pimpinella, V. Lourenco, Y. L Zhang, A Miller, V Generalova, V. Sochor
Abstract: Eight national standards or absorbed dose to water in Co-60 gamma radiation at the dose levels used in radiation processing have been compared over the range from 1 kGy to 30 kGy using the alanine dosimeters of the NIST and the NPL as the transfer do ...

58. Technical Note on Unexpected Bias in NIST 4¿¿ Ionization Chamber Measurements
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 4/4/2012
Authors: Michael P Unterweger, Ryan P Fitzgerald
Abstract: The NIST 4π pressurized ionization chamber ,AŠ (PIC ,AŠ) has been the mainstay for secondary calibrations of liquid and gaseous gamma-ray emitting sources for the last 40-45 years. It has also been the main instrument used to measure th ...

59. Test Report-Exposure and Ambient dose Equivalent Rate Measurements in Support of the ITRAP+10 Testing
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1800
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 8/1/2013
Authors: Leticia S Pibida, Ronaldo Minniti, Larry Lee Lucas, C Michelle O'Brien
Abstract: In this work we studied the response of two different Victoreen® instruments as a function of the exposure rate, the instrument orientation and photon energy. The rate dependence for both instruments is of the order of 8 % over the range of expos ...

60. Testing Three-body Quantum Electrodynamics with Trapped Ti-20 Ions: Evidence for a Z-Dependent Divergence between Experiment and Calculation
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 10/10/2012
Authors: Lawrence T Hudson, C T Chantler, Mark N. Kinnane, John D Gillaspy, A.T. Payne, L F Smale, Albert Henins, Joseph N Tan, J A Kimpton, E Takacs, K Makonyi, Joshua M Pomeroy
Abstract: We report the measurement of the w (1s2p 1P1 ! 1s2 1S0) resonance line transition energy in helium-like titanium. Our result, 4749.85(7) eV, deviates from the most recent ab initio prediction by three times our experimental uncertainty and by many ...

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