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Topic Area: Radiation Physics
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Displaying records 11 to 20 of 59 records.
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11. Comment on "Enhanced polarization and mechanisms in optically pumped hyperpolarized ^u3^He in the presence of ^u4^He"
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 7/24/2013
Authors: Thomas R Gentile, M E Hayden, P.J. Nacher, A K. Petukhov, B Saam, T G Walker
Abstract: H.H. Chen et al [1] claim that adding 4He to spin-exchange optical pumping (SEOP) cells confines 3He atoms to a diffusion-limited region, which effectively reduces the wall relaxation factor X. Here X is a phenomenological parameter used to charact ...

12. Comment on ,Estimation of organ and effective dose due to Compton backscatter security scansŠ [Med. Phys. 39, 3396 (2012)]
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 9/1/2012
Authors: Lawrence T Hudson, Jack Leigh Glover
Abstract: In the June Issue of Medical Physics, Hoppe and Schmidt presented estimates of the organ and effective dose from an x-ray backscatter scan using a Rapiscan Secure 1000 single pose system . The paper presents Monte Carlo modeling results and takes its ...

13. Comparison of the standards for air kerma of the NIST and the BIPM for 60Co gamma radiation
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 7/31/2013
Authors: Ronaldo Minniti, C Kessler, P J Allisy-Roberts
Abstract: An indirect comparison of the standards for air kerma of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), USA, and of the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM) was carried out in the 60Co radiation beam of the BIPM in September 2 ...

14. Correction Factors for the NIST Free-Air Ionization Chambers Used to Realize Air Kerma from W-Anode X-ray Beam
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 7887
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 10/16/2012
Author: Stephen Michael Seltzer
Abstract: This report details analyses in the development of certain correction factors for free-air ionization chambers used by the National Institute of Standards and Technology to realize air kerma for its measurement standards and calibrations of W-anode x ...

15. Determination of micelle size in some commercial liquid scintillation cocktails
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 3/3/2012
Author: Denis E Bergeron
Abstract: We performed dynamic light scattering measurements on commercially available liquid scintillation (LS) cocktails over a range of aqueous and acid contents. In all cases, we measured hydrodynamic diameters substantially smaller than the current de fa ...

16. Development of a traceable calibration methodology for solid Ge-68/Ga-68 sources used as a calibration surrogate for F-18 in radionuclide activity calibrations
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 3/31/2010
Authors: Brian Edward Zimmerman, Jeffrey T Cessna
Abstract: We have developed a methodology for calibrating 68Ge radioactivity content in a commercially-available calibration source for dose calibrators in a way that is traceable to the national standard. Additionally, the source was cross-calibrated for equi ...

17. Development of secondary standards for radium-223
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 11/5/2009
Authors: Denis E Bergeron, Brian Edward Zimmerman, Jeffrey T Cessna
Abstract: 223Ra is a bone-seeking alpha emitter, and as such is currently being evaluated as a radiopharmaceutical for the treatment of skeletal metastases. In the clinical setting, dosage measurements are typically achieved with reentrant ionization chambers ...

18. Effect of Neutron Irradiation on Dosimetric Properties of the TLD-600H (Lif6:Mg,Cu,P)
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 11/1/2011
Authors: A A Romanyukha, Ronaldo Minniti, M. Moscovitch, Alan K Thompson, F. Trompier, Ronald Colle, A Sucheta, S. P. Voss, L. A. Benevides
Abstract: Ideally, dosimeters should measure the dose without their dosimetric properties being affected by the radiation type being measured. Industry-wide occupational radiation workers that can be potentially exposed to neutron radiation fields are routine ...

19. Effects of high intensity neutron flux on in-situ spin-exchange optical pumping of He-3
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 9/17/2009
Authors: Thomas R Gentile, E Babcock, Stephen Boag, C. Becham, T E. Chupp, G L. Jones, A K. Petukhov, T G Walker
Abstract: Prior studies revealed neutron beam-induced alkali-metal spin relaxation in 3He cells polarized in-situ by spin-exchange optical pumping. These effects are minor for neutron beams of low to moderate intensity, but become important at the highest ne ...

20. Efficiency calibrations of cylindrically bent transmission crystals in the 20 keV to 80 keV x-ray range
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 4/15/2011
Authors: Lawrence T Hudson, C Michelle O'Brien, Uri Feldman, Stephen M. Seltzer, Hye-Sook Park, John F Seely
Abstract: Two quartz (10-11) crystals were cylindrically bent to 25.4 cm radius of curvature and were mounted in identical Cauchois type transmission spectrometers, and the crystal diffraction efficiencies were measured to 5 % absolute accuracy using narrow ba ...

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