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Topic Area: Environment/Climate
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Displaying records 31 to 40 of 445 records.
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31. All-angle negative refraction and active flat lensing of ultraviolet light
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 5/22/2013
Authors: Ting Xu, Amit Kumar Agrawal, Maxim Abashin, Kenneth John Chau, Henri J Lezec
Abstract: The ability of a left-handed medium to sustain backwards electromagnetic waves leads to counter-intuitive phenomena such as negative refraction. We report the experimental implementation of a three-dimensional negative-index metamaterial operating at ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911161

32. Investigation of NaY Zeolite with Adsorbed CO2 by Neutron Powder Diffraction
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 5/17/2013
Authors: Winnie K Wong-Ng, James A. Kaduk, Qingzhen Huang, Laura Espinal, Lan (Lan) Li, Jacob W Burress
Abstract: The crystal structure of dehydrated NaY zeolite (Na-FAU structure type) with and without adsorbed CO2 has been determined at 4K and at room temperature (RT) using neutron powder diffraction techniques. The CO2-containing sample was prepared at -78 °C ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912138

33. Enhancing 9 nm Node Dense Patterned Defect Optical Inspection using Polarization, Angle, and Focus
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 4/10/2013
Authors: Bryan M Barnes, Francois R. Goasmat, Martin Y Sohn, Hui H. Zhou, Abraham Arceo
Abstract: To measure the new SEMATECH 9 nm node Intentional Defect Array (IDA) and subsequent small, complex defects, a methodology has been used to exploit the rich information content generated when simulating or acquiring several images of sub-wavelength-si ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913542

34. Flexible Metal Organic Framework Compound, Ni(1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene)[Ni(CN)4]n, for CO2 Sorption Applications
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 4/7/2013
Authors: Winnie K Wong-Ng, Jeffrey T Culp, Yu Sheng Chen, Laura Espinal, Andrew John Allen, Daniel W Siderius, Craig Brown, Wendy Queen, Peter Zavalij, Christopher Matranga
Abstract: New sorbent materials are required for carbon capture because coal-fired electrical power plants, the largest emitters of this greenhouse gas, will continue to produce much of our nation‰s electricity for at least several decades. Within the family o ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912660

35. Improved Synthesis and Crystal Structure of the Flexible Pillared Layer Porous Coordination Polymer: Ni(1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene)[Ni(CN)4]
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 4/4/2013
Authors: Winnie K Wong-Ng, Jeffrey T Culp, Yu Sheng Chen, Peter Zavalij, Laura Espinal, Daniel W Siderius, Andrew John Allen, Steve Scheins, Christopher Matranga
Abstract: A new method of synthesis was developed for the flexible coordination polymer Ni(L)[Ni(CN)4], L=1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene (bpene) to increase its CO2 sorption uptake. The structure of the newly synthesized bpene has been determined by synchrotron X ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912264

36. 3-D Optical Metrology of Finite sub-20 nm Dense Arrays using Fourier Domain Normalization
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 3/25/2013
Authors: Jing Qin, Hui H. Zhou, Bryan M Barnes, Ronald G Dixson, Richard M Silver
Abstract: Reduced target dimensions requiring improved resolution and sensitivity have driven the need to use and analyze the phase and scattered frequency information available when using image-based scatterometry systems. One such system is scatterfield micr ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912961

37. SCATTERFIELD MICROSCOPY, REVIEW OF TECHNIQUES THAT PUSH THE FUNDAMENTAL LIMITS OF OPTICAL DEFECT METROLOGY
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 3/25/2013
Authors: Richard M Silver, Bryan M Barnes, Francois R. Goasmat, Hui H. Zhou, Martin Y Sohn
Abstract: The semiconductor manufacturing industry is now facing serious challenges in achieving defect detection rates with acceptable throughput and accuracy. With conventional bright-field and dark- field inspection methods now at their limits, it has b ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913246

38. Very high laser-damage threshold of polymer-derived Si(B)CN-carbon nanotube composite coatings
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 3/19/2013
Authors: Romil Bhandavat, Ari D Feldman, Christopher L Cromer, John H Lehman, Gurpreet Singh
Abstract: We study the laser irradiance behavior and resulting structural evolution of polymer-derived silicon −boron−carbonitride (Si(B)CN) functionalized multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) composite spray coatings on copper substrate. We report ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911376

39. Alkali-Silica Reaction Degradation of Nuclear Power Plant Concrete Structures: A Scoping Study
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 7937
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 3/11/2013
Authors: Kenneth Alan Snyder, Hai Sang Lew
Abstract: Alkali-silica reaction (ASR) is a concrete degradation phenomenon in which the alkalis that are typically found in concrete react with certain amorphous or micro-crystalline siliceous phases in the aggregate and, in the presence of moisture, form ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913633

40. Hydrated phases and pore solution composition in cement-solidified saltstone waste forms
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 3/8/2013
Authors: Kenneth Alan Snyder, Paul E Stutzman, Jacob Philip, David W. Esh
Abstract: The mineral phases and pore solution composition of hydrated cement-solidified saltstone waste forms are quantified using thermogravimetric analysis, quantitative X-ray diffraction, and inductively-coupled plasma. The results suggest that, after 6 m ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912681



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