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You searched on: Topic Area: Optics

Displaying records 21 to 30 of 44 records.
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21. Differential matrices for depolarizing media
Topic: Optics
Published: 3/1/2012
Author: Thomas Avery Germer
Abstract: The evolution of a Stokes vector through depolarizing media is considered. A general form for the differential matrix is derived that is appropriate in the presence of depolarization, and is parameterized in a manner that ensures that it yields, upon ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=909647

22. Feedback Control of Optically Trapped Particles
Topic: Optics
Published: 12/17/2011
Authors: Jason John Gorman, Arvind Kumar Balijepalli, Thomas W LeBrun
Abstract: Optical trapping is a method for manipulating micro- and nanoscale particles that is widely used in biophysics and colloid science, among other areas. This method uses optical forces to confine the position of a particle to a localized region, which ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=908148

23. Efficient quantum dot single photon extraction into an optical fiber using a nanophotonic directional coupler
Topic: Optics
Published: 9/19/2011
Authors: Marcelo Ishihara Davanco, Matthew T. Rakher, W. Wegscheider, Dieter Schuh, Antonio Badolato, Kartik A Srinivasan
Abstract: We demonstrate a spectrally broadband and efficient technique for collecting photoluminescence from a single InAs quantum dot directly into a standard single mode optical fiber. In this approach, an optical fiber taper waveguide is placed in contact ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907755

24. A circular dielectric grating for vertical extraction of single quantum dot emission
Topic: Optics
Published: 7/25/2011
Authors: Marcelo Ishihara Davanco, Matthew T. Rakher, Dieter Schuh, Antonio Badolato, Kartik A Srinivasan
Abstract: We demonstrate a suspended circular grating composed of partially etched annular trenches in a thin GaAs membrane, designed for e±cient and moderately broadband ( approx. 5 nm) extraction of emission from single InAs quantum dots. Simulations indic ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=908236

25. Effects of Roughness on Scatterometry Signatures
Topic: Optics
Published: 5/26/2011
Authors: Martin Foldyna, Thomas Avery Germer, Brent Bergner
Abstract: We used azimuthally-resolved spectroscopic Mueller matrix ellipsometry to study a periodic silicon line structure with and without artificially-generated line edge roughness (LER). Grating profiles were determined from multiple azimuthal configuratio ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=908805

26. Mueller matrix bidirectional reflectance distribution function measurements and modeling of diffuse reflectance standards
Topic: Optics
Published: 4/20/2011
Authors: Thomas Avery Germer, Heather J Patrick
Abstract: We measure the Mueller matrix bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) of pressed and sintered powdered polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) reflectance standards for an incident angle of 75°. Rotationally averaged Mueller matrices from the m ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=909321

27. Introduction to special issue on single-photon technologies
Topic: Optics
Published: 3/10/2011
Authors: Alan L Migdall, Sergey V Polyakov, Jingyun Fan, Ivo Pietro Degiovanni, Jessica Cheung
Abstract: This special issue accompanies the 4th international conference on single-photon technologies held at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Boulder in November 2009. This community has met every two years at national metrology ins ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907536

28. Rapid, high resolution frequency comb measurements
Topic: Optics
Published: 2/13/2011
Authors: Ian R Coddington, Fabrizio Raphael Giorgetta, Esther Baumann, William C Swann, Nathan Reynolds Newbury
Abstract: Frequency combs serve as an extremely high accuracy reference across broad portions of the optical spectrum. Dual frequency combs harness this accuracy and allow for fast and highly flexible measurements of passive and active sources.
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907399

29. Common Reference Channels for Metrological Comparability
Topic: Optics
Published: 12/20/2010
Authors: Ruediger Kessel, Tim Hewison
Abstract: In this article we discuss the effect of the choice of reference during calibration on later use of the calibrated results, and how a reference should be chosen to support later use of the data. Starting from the concept of metrological comparability ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907541

30. Hybrid gap modes induced by fiber taper waveguides: application in spectroscopy of single solid-state emitters deposited on thin films.
Topic: Optics
Published: 5/24/2010
Authors: Marcelo Ishihara Davanco, Kartik A Srinivasan
Abstract: We show, via simulations, that an optical fiber taper waveguide may be an efficient spectroscopy tool for single emitters, such as single molecules or colloidal quantum dots, deposited on the surface of a thin dielectric membrane. The fiber-membra ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=904726



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