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Topic Area: Optics

Displaying records 11 to 20 of 72 records.
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11. Revisiting the Balazs thought experiment in the case of a left-handed material: electromagnetic-pulse-induced displacement of a dispersive, dissipative negative-index slab
Topic: Optics
Published: 3/23/2013
Authors: Henri J Lezec, Kenneth John Chau
Abstract: We propose a set of postulates to describe the mechanical interaction between a plane-wave elec- tromagnetic pulse and a dispersive, dissipative slab having a refractive index of arbitrary sign. The postulates include the Abraham electromagnetic mom ...

12. Experimental demonstration of a receiver beating the standard quantum limit for multiple nonorthogonal coherent-state discrimination
Topic: Optics
Published: 1/6/2013
Authors: Francisco E. Becerra Chavez, Jingyun Fan, Gerald Baumgartner, Julius Goldhar, Jonathan Kosloski, Alan L Migdall
Abstract: The measurement of the state of a quantum system with inherent quantum uncertainty (noise) approaching the ultimate physical limits is of both technological and fundamental interest. Quantum noise prevents any mutually nonorthogonal quantum states ...

13. Slot-mode-coupled optomechanical crystals
Topic: Optics
Published: 10/22/2012
Authors: Marcelo Ishihara Davanco, Jasper Chan, Amir H. Safavi-Naeini, Oskar Painter, Kartik A Srinivasan
Abstract: We design a cavity optomechanical system in which a localized GHz frequency mechanical mode of a nanobeam resonator is evanescently coupled to a high quality factor (Q > 10^6) optical mode of a separate nanobeam optical cavity. Using separate nanobea ...

14. Upper roughness limitations on the TIS/RMS relationship
Topic: Optics
Published: 9/27/2012
Authors: J C Stover, Sven Schroeder, Thomas Avery Germer
Abstract: The relationship between total integrated scatter (TIS) and root mean square (rms) roughness was developed in the radar literature and enabled the first use of scatter measurements to monitor optical roughness. This relationship has been used and mi ...

15. Absolute interferometric tests of spherical surfaces based on rotational and translational shears
Topic: Optics
Published: 9/13/2012
Authors: Johannes A Soons, Ulf Griesmann
Abstract: Traceability of interferometric form measurements requires characterization of the reference wavefront. We investigate absolute tests for spherical surfaces where the form errors of both reference and test surface are estimated by minimizing the diff ...

16. Probing coherence in microcavity frequency combs via optical pulse shaping
Topic: Optics
Published: 8/29/2012
Authors: Fahmida Ferdous, Houxun H. Miao, Pei-Hsun Wang, Daniel E. Leaird, Kartik A Srinivasan, Lei Chen, Vladimir A Aksyuk, Andrew M Weiner
Abstract: Recent investigations of microcavity frequency combs based on cascaded four-wave mixing have revealed a link between the evolution of the optical spectrum and the observed temporal coherence. Here we study a silicon nitride microresonator for which ...

17. A compact and robust method for full Stokes spectropolarimetry
Topic: Optics
Published: 8/1/2012
Authors: William Sparks, Thomas Avery Germer, John MacKenty, Frans Snik
Abstract: We present an approach to spectropolarimetry which requires neither moving parts nor time dependent modulation, and which o ers the prospect of achieving high sensitivity. The concept, which is one of those generically known as channeled polarimetry, ...

18. An algorithm for finding clusters with a known distribution and its application to photon-number resolution using a superconducting transition-edge sensor
Topic: Optics
Published: 7/20/2012
Authors: Zachary H Levine, Thomas Gerrits, Alan L Migdall, Daniel Victor Samarov, Brice R. Calkins, Adriana Eleni Lita, Sae Woo Nam
Abstract: Improving photon-number resolution of single-photon sensitive detectors is important for many applications, as is extending the range of such detectors. Here we seek improved resolution for a particular Superconducting Transition-Edge Sensor (TES) t ...

19. Optimal Laser Scan Path for Localizing a Fluorescent Particle in Two or Three Dimensions
Topic: Optics
Published: 7/16/2012
Authors: Gregg M. Gallatin, Andrew J. Berglund
Abstract: Localizing a fluorescent particle by scanning a focused laser in its vicinity and analyzing the detected photon stream provides real-time information for a modern class of feedback control systems for particle tracking and trapping. We present a sim ...

20. Demonstration of Superluminal Images
Topic: Optics
Published: 6/19/2012
Authors: Ryan Thomas Glasser, Ulrich Vogl, Paul D Lett
Abstract: Optical pulse propagation with group velocities larger than the speed of light in vacuum, c, or negative, have been demonstrated theoretically and experimentally in a variety of systems [1‹5]. The anomalous dispersion required for generating ,fastŠ l ...

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