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Topic Area: Optical Physics
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Displaying records 41 to 50 of 59 records.
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41. Remote sensing of chiral signatures on Mars
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 11/1/2012
Authors: William Sparks, James H. Hough, Thomas Avery Germer, Frank Robb, Ludmilla Kolokolova
Abstract: We describe circular polarization as a remote sensing diagnostic of chiral signatures which may be applied to Mars. The remarkable phenomenon of homochirality provides a unique biosignature which can be amenable to remote sensing through circular ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910692

42. Results of aperture area comparisons for exo-atmospheric total solar irradiance measurements
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 11/13/2013
Authors: Bettye C Johnson, Maritoni Abatayo Litorja, Joel B. Fowler, Eric L Shirley, James J Butler, Robert A Barnes
Abstract: Exo-atmospheric solar irradiance measurements made by the solar irradiance community since 1978 incorporate limiting apertures with diameters measured by a number of metrology laboratories using a variety of techniques. Knowledge of the aperture are ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913537

43. Scatterfield Optical Imaging for sub-10 nm Dimensional Metrology
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 1/1/2009
Author: Richard M Silver
Abstract: Recent developments in optical microscopy promise to advance optical metrology and imaging to unprecedented levels through theoretical and experimental development of a new measurement technique called "scatterfield optical imaging". ". Current met ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=901009

44. Sensitivity Comparison of Mx and Frequency Modulated Bell-Bloom Cs Magnetometers in a Micro-Fabricated Cell
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 2/1/2010
Authors: Ricardo Jimenez Martinez, William C. Griffith, Ying-ju Wang, Svenja A Knappe, John E Kitching, Ken Smith, Mark Prouty
Abstract: We compare the sensitivity performance of two optically pumped atomic magnetometers based on the Mx and frequency-modulated Bell-Bloom configurations. The Cs magnetometers are implemented using a millimeter-scale microfabricated vapor cell in a confi ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=842606

45. Spectral response and characterization of a high-efficiency upconvertor for single-photon-level detection
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 10/18/2013
Authors: Paulina S Kuo, Oliver T Slattery, Yong-Su Kim, Jason S. Pelc, M. M. Fejer, Xiao Tang
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914453

46. Spectral response of an upconversion detector and spectrometer
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 9/17/2013
Authors: Paulina S Kuo, Oliver T Slattery, Yong-Su Kim, Jason S. Pelc, M. M. Fejer, Xiao Tang
Abstract: We theoretically and experimentally investigate the spectral response of an upconversion detector and discuss implications for its use as an infrared spectrometer. Upconversion detection is based on high-conversion-efficiency sum-frequency generation ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914034

47. Stimulated Generation of Superluminal Light Pulses via Four-wave Mixing
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 4/26/2012
Authors: Ryan Thomas Glasser, Ulrich Vogl, Paul D Lett
Abstract: We report on the four-wave mixing of superluminal pulses, in which both the injected and generated pulses involved in the process propagate with negative group velocities. Generated pulses with negative group velocities of up to vg = −c/880 ar ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910231

48. Strong Casimir force reduction by metallic surface nanostructuring
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 9/27/2013
Authors: Francesco Intravaia, Stefan T. Koev, Il Woong Jung, Albert A. Talin, Paul S Davids, Ricardo Decca, Vladimir A Aksyuk, Diego A. R. Dalvit, Daniel Lopez
Abstract: The Casimir force is a quantum-mechanical interaction arising from vacuum fluctuations of the electromagnetic (EM) field and is technologically significant in micro- and nanomechanical systems. Despite rapid progress in nanophotonics, the goal of e ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910133

49. Sub-micron absolute distance measurements in sub-millisecond times with dual free-running femtosecond Er fiber-lasers
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 9/12/2011
Authors: Tze-An Lui, Nathan Reynolds Newbury, Ian R Coddington
Abstract: We demonstrate a simplified dual-comb lidar setup for precision absolute ranging that can achieve a ranging precision at a meter of 2 {mu}m in 140 {mu}s acquisition time. With averaging, the precision drops below 1 micron at 0.8 msec and below 200 nm ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=908892

50. Sub-micron force detection using optically-cooled levitated microspheres
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 9/3/2010
Authors: Andrew Geraci, Scott B Papp, John E Kitching
Abstract: We propose an experiment using optically trapped and cooled dielectric microspheres for the detection of short-range forces. The center-of-mass motion of a microsphere trapped in vacuum can experience extremely low dissipation and quality factors of ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=905784



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