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You searched on: Topic Area: Optical Physics Sorted by: date

Displaying records 21 to 30 of 50 records.
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21. Experimental demonstration of a receiver beating the standard quantum limit for multiple nonorthogonal coherent-state discrimination
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 1/6/2013
Authors: Francisco E. Becerra Chavez, Jingyun Fan, Gerald Baumgartner, Julius Goldhar, Jonathan Kosloski, Alan L Migdall
Abstract: The measurement of the state of a quantum system with inherent quantum uncertainty (noise) approaching the ultimate physical limits is of both technological and fundamental interest. Quantum noise prevents any mutually nonorthogonal quantum states ...

22. Adaptive measurements in nonorthogonal state discrimination
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 12/18/2012
Authors: Francisco E. Becerra Chavez, Alan L Migdall
Abstract: Adaptive measurements represent important resources in quantum information science and quan- tum technologies. They take advantage of the knowledge of partial measurements of the system to optimize subsequent measurements and perform tasks that are ...

23. Preface to Proceedings of the International Conference Quantum Theory: Reconsideration of Foundations-6 (QTRF6) held in Vaxjo, Sweden, 11-14 June 2012
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 12/18/2012
Authors: Harald Atmanspacher, Andrei Khrennikov, Alan L Migdall, Sergey V Polyakov
Abstract: A wide spectrum of topics was presented in talks at this conference: quantum foundations (especially, Heisenberg's uncertainty relation and its generalizations) and information, mathematical formalism of quantum theory, philosophy, methodology of m ...

24. Remote sensing of chiral signatures on Mars
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 11/1/2012
Authors: William Sparks, James H. Hough, Thomas Avery Germer, Frank Robb, Ludmilla Kolokolova
Abstract: We describe circular polarization as a remote sensing diagnostic of chiral signatures which may be applied to Mars. The remarkable phenomenon of homochirality provides a unique biosignature which can be amenable to remote sensing through circular ...

25. Quasianalytical modal approach for computing Casimir interactions in periodic nanostructures
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 10/3/2012
Authors: Francesco Intravaia, Paul S Davids, Ricardo Decca, Vladimir A Aksyuk, Daniel Lopez, Diego A. R. Dalvit
Abstract: We present an almost fully analytical technique for computing Casimir interactions between 1D periodic lamellar gratings based on a modal approach. Our method improves on previous work on Casimir modal approaches for nanostructures by using the exa ...

26. Extending single-photon optimized superconducting transition edge sensors beyond the single-photon counting regime
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 10/2/2012
Authors: Thomas Gerrits, Brice R. Calkins, Nathan A Tomlin, Adriana Eleni Lita, Alan L Migdall, Richard P Mirin, Sae Woo Nam
Abstract: Typically, transition edge sensors resolve photon number of up to 10 or 20 photons, depending on the wavelength and TES design. We extend that dynamic range up to 1000 photons, while maintaining sub- shot noise detection process uncertainty of the n ...

27. Performance of the NIST goniometer with a broad-band source and multichannel CCD based spectrometer
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 9/20/2012
Authors: Vyacheslav B Podobedov, Maria E Nadal, Carl C Miller

28. On-chip, photon-number-resolving, telecom-band detectors for scalable photonic information processing
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 7/30/2012
Authors: Thomas Gerrits, Nick Thomas-Peter, James Gates, Adriana Eleni Lita, Benjamin Metcalf, Brice R. Calkins, Nathan A Tomlin, Anna E Fox, Antia A. Lamas-Linares, Justin Spring, Nathan Langford, Richard P Mirin, Peter Smith, Ian Walmsley, Sae Woo Nam
Abstract: We demonstrate the operation of an integrated photon number resolving transition edge sensor (TES), operating in the telecom band at 1550 nm, employing an evanescently coupled design that allows the detector to be placed at arbitrary locations within ...

29. A versatile light-emitting-diode-based spectral response measurement system for photovoltaic device characterization
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 6/29/2012
Authors: Behrang H Hamadani, John F Roller, Brian P Dougherty, Howard W Yoon
Abstract: An absolute differential spectral response measurement system for solar cells is presented. The system couples an array of light emitting diodes (LEDs) with an optical waveguide to provide large area illumination. Two unique yet complementary measur ...

30. Demonstration of Superluminal Images
Topic: Optical Physics
Published: 6/19/2012
Authors: Ryan Thomas Glasser, Ulrich Vogl, Paul D Lett
Abstract: Optical pulse propagation with group velocities larger than the speed of light in vacuum, c, or negative, have been demonstrated theoretically and experimentally in a variety of systems [1‹5]. The anomalous dispersion required for generating ,fastŠ l ...

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