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Displaying records 61 to 70 of 508 records.
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61. Particle Image Velocimetry Experiments in a Wind Tunnel to Study Wind-driven Airflow through Building Openings
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 8/6/2014
Author: Liang Chung J Lo
Abstract: Today‰s low energy and sustainable buildings often call for innovative designs involving strategies such as natural ventilation. However, natural ventilation airflows are often difficult to estimate, in large part due to the unsteadiness of the wind. ...

62. Simulation Study of Carbon Monoxide Exposure from Portable Generators in U.S. Residences
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 8/6/2014
Authors: Andrew Keith Persily, Steven J Emmerich, Yanling Wang, Brian J Polidoro
Abstract: A simulation study was conducted to evaluate indoor CO exposures as a function of portable generator location and CO emission rate in order to support the development of potential CO emission limits for generators. These simulations employed the mult ...

63. Indoor Air Quality in High Performance Buildings: What is and isn't in ASHRAE/IES/USGBC Standard 189.1
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 7/29/2014
Author: Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: While most discussions of high performance buildings (HPB) include site impacts, water use, energy, materials and indoor environmental quality, energy often receives more attention than these other attributes. Given that buildings exist primarily for ...

64. Development and Application of an Updated Whole-Building Coupled Thermal, Airflow, and Contaminant Transport Simulation Program (TRNSYS/CONTAM)
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 7/23/2014
Authors: William S Dols, Wang Liangzhu, Steven J Emmerich, Brian J Polidoro
Abstract: The TRNSYS energy analysis tool has been capable of simulating whole building coupled heat transfer and building airflow for several years. The current implementation is based on two TRNSYS modules Type 56 and Type 97. Type 97 is based on a subset of ...

65. Dielectric characterization by microwave cavity perturbation corrected for non-uniform fields
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 7/23/2014
Authors: Nathan D Orloff, Jan Obrzut, Christian John Long, Thomas F. Lam, James C Booth, David R Novotny, James Alexander Liddle, Pavel Kabos
Abstract: The non-uniform fields that occur due to the slot in the cavity through which the sample is inserted and those due to the sample geometry itself decrease the accuracy of dielectric characterization by cavity perturbation at microwave frequencies. ...

66. Nanoparticle Released from Consumer Products: Flooring Nanocoatings and Interior Nanopaints
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1835
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 7/21/2014
Authors: Li Piin Sung, Tinh Nguyen, Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: Nanoparticles are increasingly incorporated in flooring coatings and interior paints to improve their abrasion and microbial resistance. One particular concern of this application is the release of nanoparticles from these surfaces due to repeated m ...

67. Trapping atoms using nanoscale quantum vacuum forces
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 7/10/2014
Authors: Jacob M Taylor, Darrick E. Chang, Kanupriya Sinha, H J Kimble
Abstract: Quantum vacuum forces dictate the interaction between individual atoms and dielectric surfaces at nanoscale distances. For example, their large strengths typically overwhelm externally applied forces, which makes it challenging to controllably interf ...

68. Traceability for Millimeter and Submillimeter-Wave Power Measurements
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 5/21/2014
Author: Ronald A Ginley
Abstract: The need for traceable power measurements above 110 GHz is well established for use in communications, spectral line investigation, molecular particle signature identification, material property characterization and others. There have been increment ...

69. Flame Inhibition by CF3CHCl2 (HCFC-123)
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 5/20/2014
Authors: Valeri Ivan Babushok, Gregory T Linteris, Oliver Meier, John Leonard Pagliaro
Abstract: A kinetic model is suggested for hydrocarbon-air flame propagation with addition of hydrochloroflurocarbon (HCFC) fire suppressants, encompassing the combined chemistry of fluorine- and chlorine-containing species. Calculated burning velocities ...

70. The Case for Delivering the Infrastructure for Digital Building Regulations
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 5/19/2014
Authors: Mark E Palmer, James H Garrett
Abstract: The building industry uses numerous engineering standards, building codes, specifications and regulations and a diverse set of industry vocabularies to describe, assess, and deliver constructed facilities. As part of the expanding use of building in ...

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