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Topic Area: Building and Fire Research
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21. Particle Image Velocimetry Experiments in a Wind Tunnel to Study Wind-driven Airflow through Building Openings
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 8/6/2014
Author: Liang Chung J Lo
Abstract: Today‰s low energy and sustainable buildings often call for innovative designs involving strategies such as natural ventilation. However, natural ventilation airflows are often difficult to estimate, in large part due to the unsteadiness of the wind. ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915632

22. Simulation Study of Carbon Monoxide Exposure from Portable Generators in U.S. Residences
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 8/6/2014
Authors: Andrew Keith Persily, Steven J Emmerich, Yanling Wang, Brian J Polidoro
Abstract: A simulation study was conducted to evaluate indoor CO exposures as a function of portable generator location and CO emission rate in order to support the development of potential CO emission limits for generators. These simulations employed the mult ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915775

23. Indoor Air Quality in High Performance Buildings: What is and isn't in ASHRAE/IES/USGBC Standard 189.1
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 7/29/2014
Author: Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: While most discussions of high performance buildings (HPB) include site impacts, water use, energy, materials and indoor environmental quality, energy often receives more attention than these other attributes. Given that buildings exist primarily for ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915783

24. Development and Application of an Updated Whole-Building Coupled Thermal, Airflow, and Contaminant Transport Simulation Program (TRNSYS/CONTAM)
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 7/23/2014
Authors: William S Dols, Wang Liangzhu, Steven J Emmerich, Brian J Polidoro
Abstract: The TRNSYS energy analysis tool has been capable of simulating whole building coupled heat transfer and building airflow for several years. The current implementation is based on two TRNSYS modules Type 56 and Type 97. Type 97 is based on a subset of ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914776

25. Dielectric characterization by microwave cavity perturbation corrected for non-uniform fields
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 7/23/2014
Authors: Nathan Daniel Orloff, Jan Obrzut, Christian John Long, Thomas Fung Lam, James C Booth, David R Novotny, James Alexander Liddle, Pavel Kabos
Abstract: The non-uniform fields that occur due to the slot in the cavity through which the sample is inserted and those due to the sample geometry itself decrease the accuracy of dielectric characterization by cavity perturbation at microwave frequencies. ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915011

26. BEHAVIOR OF STEEL COMPONENTS SUBJECTED TO LOCALIZED FIRE
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 6/11/2014
Authors: Chao Zhang, John L Gross, Lisa Yong yae Choe
Abstract: Recent numerical studies on the behavior of steel components subjected to a localized fire are presented. Sequentially coupled thermo-mechanical simulations were conducted to predict the steel temperature distribution, the deformation mode and fa ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915901

27. USA - Characteristics, Impacts, and Future Directions
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 6/11/2014
Authors: Sarah Slaughter, Douglas S Thomas, Robert E Chapman
Abstract: Investments in the built environment provide the basis for civil society and commerce, and construction is an engine of growth for the U.S. economy, equaling approximately 3 % to 5 % of GDP. Current U.S. annual expenditures for construction-related ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913123

28. Absorptive Limiter for Frequency Selective Circuits
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 6/1/2014
Authors: Juan C. Collado Gomez, Eduard Rocas, James C Booth, Jordi Mateu, J. M. O'Callaghan, J. Verdu, A. Hueltes
Abstract: This paper describes a novel absorptive limiter for frequency selective circuits. The proposed circuit allows the design of absorptive limiters based on a bi-state phase shifter, which is appropriate for integration into channelizing devices, ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914262

29. The Case for Delivering the Infrastructure for Digital Building Regulations
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 5/19/2014
Authors: Mark E Palmer, James H Garrett
Abstract: The building industry uses numerous engineering standards, building codes, specifications and regulations and a diverse set of industry vocabularies to describe, assess, and deliver constructed facilities. As part of the expanding use of building in ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912456

30. Characterization of Emissions from Spray Polyurethane Foam: Letter Report to U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission Interagency Agreement CPSC-I-13-0016
Series: OTHER
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 5/15/2014
Authors: Dustin G Poppendieck, Matthew P Schlegel, Andrew Keith Persily, Steven J Nabinger
Abstract: This letter report provides a project update reflecting the activities to date under the FY2013 interagency agreement between CPSC and NIST. The objective of that agreement is to develop testing and measurement protocols for determining the quantitie ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915634



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