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You searched on: Topic Area: Building and Fire Research

Displaying records 81 to 90 of 509 records.
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81. Robustness Assessment of RC Frame Buildings under Column Loss Scenarios
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 4/3/2014
Authors: Yihai Bao, Joseph A Main, Hai Sang Lew, Fahim Sadek
Abstract: A computational assessment of the robustness of reinforced concrete (RC) building structures under column loss scenarios is presented. A reduced-order modeling approach is presented for three-dimensional RC framing systems, including the floor slab, ...

82. Analysis of U.S Commercial Building Envelope Air Leakage Database to Support Sustainable Building Design
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 3/26/2014
Authors: Steven J Emmerich, Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: In 1998, NIST published a review of commercial and institutional building airtightness data that found significant levels of air leakage and debunked the myth of the airtight commercial building (Persily 1998). Since then, NIST has expanded and maint ...

83. Consideration of Envelope Airtightness in Modelling Commercial Building Energy Consumption
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 3/26/2014
Authors: Lisa C Ng, Andrew Keith Persily, Steven J Emmerich
Abstract: As strategies for improving building envelope and HVAC equipment efficiencies are increasingly required to reduce building energy use, a greater percentage of energy loss will occur through building envelope leakage. Although the energy impacts of un ...

84. Final Report, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Technical Investigation of the May 22, 2011, Tornado in Joplin, Missouri
Series: National Construction Safety Team Act Reports (NIST NCSTAR)
Report Number: 3
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 3/26/2014
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Franklin T. Lombardo, Long Thanh Phan, Marc L Levitan, David P. Jorgensen
Abstract: This is the final report of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) investigation of the May 22, 2011 tornado in Joplin, Missouri, conducted under the National Construction Safety Team Act. This report describes the wind field of th ...

85. Modeling of moment connections for structural fire analyses
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 3/25/2014
Authors: Mina Samir Seif, Therese P McAllister, Joseph A Main, William E Luecke
Abstract: Performance-based methodologies to evaluate the fire performance of structures are needed to move beyond the prescriptive procedures presently in use, which cannot be used to determine actual structural performance in fire. Analytical methods are nee ...

86. High Pressure Release and Dispersion of Hydrogen in a Partially Enclosed Compartment : Effect of Natural and Forced Ventilation
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 3/14/2014
Author: Kuldeep R Prasad
Abstract: The study of compressed hydrogen releases from high-pressure storage systems has practical application for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. Such releases may occur either due to accidental damage to a storage tank, connecting piping, or due to ...

87. Fire Characteristics of Steel Members Coated with Nano-Enhanced Polymers
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 3/1/2014
Authors: Kathryn M Butler, Alexander H.-D. Cheng, Christopher Mullen, Ahmed Al-Ostaz
Abstract: Applying a polymeric coating on steel members has been demonstrated to be an effective countermeasure for the threat of blast on building and other structures. The development of a blast-resistant coating for steel with good characteristics in a fire ...

88. Ultrafine particle removal and ozone generation by in-duct electrostatic precipitators
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/27/2014
Authors: Dustin G Poppendieck, Dong H. Rim, Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: In-duct electrostatic air filters (ESP) have been shown to be an effective particulate control device for reducing UFP concentrations (20 nm - 100 nm) in buildings, although they have the potential to increase indoor ozone concentrations due to coron ...

89. Roadmap for Developing Measurement Science for Predicting the Service Life of Polymers Used in Photovoltaic (PV) Systems
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 7971
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/24/2014
Authors: Xiaohong Gu, Joannie W Chin

90. A Graphical Approach to Evaluating High-Performing Buildings:Indoor Air Quality, Energy, Water, and Waste
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/20/2014
Authors: Kevin Yale Teichman, Steven J Emmerich, Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: In this paper, we describe and demonstrate a graphical approach to illustrating the performance of high-performing buildings. Our approach enables building designers, owners, operators, and occupants to evaluate the performance of a building as desig ...

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