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Topic Area: Building and Fire Research

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81. Dissecting Interactions Among Indoor Environmental Quality Factors
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 11/8/2013
Authors: Hal Levin, Steven J Emmerich
Abstract: Many aspects of indoor environmental quality (IEQ) and the technologies that control or otherwise affect it are interactive and often closely connected. This has important implications for the design and construction of buildings as well as for opera ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914281

82. Fire Dynamics Simulator, Technical Reference Guide, Sixth Edition
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 1018
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 11/4/2013
Authors: Kevin B McGrattan, Randall Joseph McDermott, Craig G Weinschenk, Glenn P Forney
Abstract: This document provides the theoretical basis for the Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS), following the general framework set forth in the ,Standard Guide for Evaluating the Predictive Capability of Deterministic Fire Models,Š ASTM E 1355. It is a four v ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913618

83. Fabrication and Characterization of a Dual-mode SPR/SERS Sensor Based on Plasmonic Nanodome Arrays
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 11/3/2013
Authors: Charles J. Choi, Stephen Semancik
Abstract: This work describes a label-free, optical sensor system fabricated on a flexible plastic film with dual detection modalities: surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for specific chemical identification and localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914370

84. Stair evacuation of older adults and people with mobility impairments
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 10/31/2013
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock, Emily Wiess, Bryan Hoskins
Abstract: Engineers analyze occupant movement data for the safety and protection of a population during emergency building evacuations. Quantifiable variables, such as: stairwell geometry, pre-evacuation delay, occupant speed, and population density form e ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912539

85. Evaluating Fire Blocking Performance of Barrier Fabrics
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 10/15/2013
Authors: Shonali Nazare, William M Pitts, Shaun M. Flynn, John R Shields, Rick D Davis
Abstract: The purpose of fire blocking barrier materials is to reduce the flammability of soft furnishings ( mattresses and upholstered furniture) by preventing or delaying direct flame impingement from open flames and/or heat transfer from smoldering igniti ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913773

86. Indoor Air Quality in High-Performing Building Case Studies: A Wealth of Intent, A Dearth of Data
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 9/19/2013
Authors: Kevin Yale Teichman, Steven J Emmerich, Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: In this paper, we review how indoor air quality has been addressed in case studies of high-performing buildings, specifically the case studies described in ASHRAE‰s ,High Performing BuildingsŠ magazine. We find that nearly all reported case studies o ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913850

87. Indoor Air Quality in High-Performing Building Case Studies:A Wealth of Intent, A Dearth of Data
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 9/19/2013
Authors: Kevin Yale Teichman, Andrew Keith Persily, Steven J Emmerich
Abstract: In this paper, we review how indoor air quality has been addressed in case studies of high-performing buildings, specifically the case studies described in ASHRAE‰s ,High Performing BuildingsŠ magazine. We find that nearly all reported case studies ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914350

88. Exploratory Study of Airflow from SCBA Exposed to Elevated Temperatures
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1809
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 9/18/2013
Authors: Michelle K Donnelly, Daniel Madrzykowski, Anthony D Putorti Jr
Abstract: This exploratory set of experiments investigated the impact of external exposure temperatures on Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) supply air, and the potential for the supply air to be heated when it is subjected to an elevated tempera ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913158

89. High Pressure Release and Dispersion of Hydrogen in a Partially Enclosed Compartment : Effect of Natural and Forced Ventilation
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 9/2/2013
Authors: Kuldeep R Prasad, Thomas George Cleary, Jiann C Yang
Abstract: The study of compressed hydrogen release from high-pressure storage systems has practical application for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. Such releases may occur either due to accidental damage to a storage tank or connecting piping, or due to ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907474

90. Lateral torsional buckling of steel W-beams subjected to localized fires
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 9/1/2013
Authors: Chao Zhang, John L Gross, Therese P McAllister
Abstract: Current design approaches to assess the lateral torsional buckling capacity of steel beams in fire are based on the assumption of uniform steel temperature. This paper investigates the effect of temperature gradients on the lateral torsional buckling ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913504



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