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Topic Area: Building and Fire Research

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81. Standard Formaldehyde Source for Chamber Testing of Material Emissions: Modeling and Preliminary Tests
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/1/2013
Authors: Wenjuan Wei, Cynthia H. Reed, Andrew Keith Persily, Yinping Zhang
Abstract: Formaldehyde is recognized as a harmful indoor air pollutant for human health (IARC. 2004) and is emitted from building materials, including urea-formaldehyde resin in pressed wood products. Environmental chambers are typically used to measure formal ...

82. Framework for Addressing the National Wildland Urban Interface Fire Problem--Determining Fire and Ember Exposure Zones Using a WUI Hazard Scale (NISTTN 1748)
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1748
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 1/14/2013
Authors: Alexander Maranghides, William Mell
Abstract: WUI fires offer a unique challenge to the fire fighting and fire protection engineering communities. The scale of the events can be vast, spanning in many cases over 100,000 acres (40,000 ha) and the number of structures involved can range into t ...

83. Identifying improved standardized tests for measuring cement particle size and surface area
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 1/14/2013
Authors: Chiara F Ferraris, Edward Joseph Garboczi
Abstract: The Blaine fineness (Blaine) of a cement powder is a single parameter that is meant to characterize the specific surface area of a cement, and is assumed to be linked to physical and mechanical properties such as strength, setting time, and rheology. ...

84. Reconstruction of the Thermal Environment in the Tall World Trade Center Buildings
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 1/11/2013
Authors: Richard George Gann, Anthony P Hamins, Kevin B McGrattan, Thomas J. Ohlemiller, Kuldeep R Prasad, William M Pitts, Harold E Nelson
Abstract: The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) conducted an extensive investigation of the collapse of the three tall World Trade Center (WTC) buildings. This paper describes the reconstruction of the fires, the thermal environment they c ...

85. Building air leakage databases in energy conservation policies: analysis of selected initiatives in 4 European countries and the USA
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 1/2/2013
Authors: Wanyu Chan, Francois Remi Carrie, Jiri Novak, Andres Litvak, Fabrice Richieri, Oliver Solche, Wei Pan, Steven J Emmerich
Abstract: We collected information on existing envelope air leakage databases from countries that are involved in the AIVC-TightVent project ,Development and applications of building air leakage databasesŠ. This document summarizes the information from five co ...

86. Monitoring methane in the boundary layer using a network of instruments at tall towers in the northeastern US
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 12/24/2012
Authors: Kuldeep R Prasad, Elena Novakovskaia
Abstract: Methane is one of the major greenhouse gases and in recent years more efforts have been undertaken to estimate its emissions at local and regional scales utilizing new observing systems. During 2012, Earth Networks Inc. deployed a dense GHG obse ...

87. Optimum placement of sensors on building rooftop for measurement of greenhouse gas mixing ratio
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 12/24/2012
Authors: Kuldeep R Prasad, Anthony Bova, James R Whetstone, Elena Novakovskaia
Abstract: Currently, inverse atmospheric dispersion models are being used around the world to provide measurement-based, or ,top- down,Š estimates of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for comparison with input-based, or ,bottom-up,Š estimates. To minimize unce ...

88. Smoldering in Flexible Polyurethane Foams: the Effect of Foam Morphology
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 12/18/2012
Authors: Mauro Zammarano, Szabolcs Matko, Roland H. Kraemer, Rick D Davis, Jeffrey W Gilman, Li Piin Sung, Douglas Matthew Fox, Shivani Navin Mehta
Abstract: Smoldering is a self-sustaining heterogeneous oxidation reaction that induces a slow, low temperature, flameless combustion. Flexible polyurethane foams (PUF) are prone to smoldering due to their high air permeability, low density and high specific ...

89. Antenna-Environment Multiple Scattering in Reverberation Chamber Measurements
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 12/12/2012
Authors: Ryan J. Pirkl, Catherine A Remley
Abstract: High-resolution synthetic aperture measurements in a reverberation chamber revealed the presence of multiple scattering between the scan antenna and the measurement environment. Casting the scan antenna-environment multiple scattering as an error ...

90. Multi-zone Modeling of Size- Resolved Outdoor Ultrafine Particle Entry into a Test House
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 12/11/2012
Authors: Dong H. Rim, Andrew Keith Persily, Lance L. Wallace, William S Dols, Steven J Emmerich
Abstract: Airborne particle transport into buildings is important for human exposure to particles and associated health effects. The present study investigated the entry of size-resolved outdoor ultrafine particles into a test building under three different ve ...

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