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Topic Area: Building and Fire Research

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81. Indoor Air Quality in High-Performing Building Case Studies: A Wealth of Intent, A Dearth of Data
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 9/19/2013
Authors: Kevin Yale Teichman, Steven J Emmerich, Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: In this paper, we review how indoor air quality has been addressed in case studies of high-performing buildings, specifically the case studies described in ASHRAE‰s ,High Performing BuildingsŠ magazine. We find that nearly all reported case studies o ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913850

82. Indoor Air Quality in High-Performing Building Case Studies:A Wealth of Intent, A Dearth of Data
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 9/19/2013
Authors: Kevin Yale Teichman, Andrew Keith Persily, Steven J Emmerich
Abstract: In this paper, we review how indoor air quality has been addressed in case studies of high-performing buildings, specifically the case studies described in ASHRAE‰s ,High Performing BuildingsŠ magazine. We find that nearly all reported case studies ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914350

83. Exploratory Study of Airflow from SCBA Exposed to Elevated Temperatures
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1809
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 9/18/2013
Authors: Michelle K Donnelly, Daniel Madrzykowski, Anthony D Putorti Jr
Abstract: This exploratory set of experiments investigated the impact of external exposure temperatures on Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) supply air, and the potential for the supply air to be heated when it is subjected to an elevated tempera ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913158

84. High Pressure Release and Dispersion of Hydrogen in a Partially Enclosed Compartment : Effect of Natural and Forced Ventilation
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 9/2/2013
Authors: Kuldeep R Prasad, Thomas George Cleary, Jiann C Yang
Abstract: The study of compressed hydrogen release from high-pressure storage systems has practical application for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. Such releases may occur either due to accidental damage to a storage tank or connecting piping, or due to ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907474

85. Lateral torsional buckling of steel W-beams subjected to localized fires
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 9/1/2013
Authors: Chao Zhang, John L Gross, Therese P McAllister
Abstract: Current design approaches to assess the lateral torsional buckling capacity of steel beams in fire are based on the assumption of uniform steel temperature. This paper investigates the effect of temperature gradients on the lateral torsional buckling ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913504

86. POST-COLLISION VEHICLE FIRE SUPPRESSION RESEARCH NEEDS
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 9/1/2013
Author: Anthony P Hamins
Abstract: This article identifies research needs in automotive fire protection. The work focuses on the problem of post-collision vehicle fires. Recent fire suppression research is cited with special attention given to results cited in the literature as well ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914083

87. Smokeview (Version 6) - A Tool for Visualizing Fire Dynamics Simulation Data Volume II: Technical Reference Guide
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 1017-2
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 8/28/2013
Author: Glenn P Forney
Abstract: Smokeview is a software tool designed to visualize numerical calculations generated by the Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS), a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of fire-driven fluid flow. This report documents some of the algorithms Smokeview ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913298

88. Theory and Algorithms for Weighted Total Least-Squares Fitting of Lines, Planes, and Parallel Planes to Support Tolerancing Standards
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 8/16/2013
Authors: Craig M Shakarji, Vijay Srinivasan
Abstract: We present the theory and algorithms for fitting a line, a plane, two parallel planes (corresponding to a slot or a slab) or many parallel planes in a total (orthogonal) least-squares sense to coordinate data that is weighted. Each of these problems ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912180

89. Standard formaldehyde source for chamber testing of material emissions: model development, experimental evaluation and impacts of environmental factors
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 8/14/2013
Authors: Wenjuan Wei, Cynthia H. Reed, Andrew Keith Persily, Yinping Zhang
Abstract: Formaldehyde, which is recognized as a harmful indoor air pollutant for human health, is emitted from urea-formaldehyde resin in wood products. Chamber tests are used to evaluate formaldehyde emission rates from these products. However, there is no a ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913536

90. The Effects of Wildfire Prevention Activities
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 8/1/2013
Authors: Douglas S Thomas, David T Butry, Jeffrey P. Prestemon
Abstract: Eighty percent of wildfires are human caused, so it is important for decision makers and land managers to consider the role of prevention activities that minimize the costs and losses of human-caused wildfires. There have been significant efforts aim ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913931



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