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Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 3/25/2013
Authors: Ronald G Dixson, Craig Dyer McGray, Boon Ping Ng, Ndubuisi George Orji, Jon C Geist
Abstract: The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has been developing methods and standards to enable the traceable calibration of critical dimension atomic force microscopy (CD AFM). This technique involves flared tips and two-dimensional s ...

62. CFAST ‹ Consolidated Model of Fire Growth and Smoke Transport (Version 6): Technical Reference Guide
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 1026r1
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 3/18/2013
Authors: Richard D Peacock, Glenn P Forney, Paul A Reneke
Abstract: CFAST is a two-zone fire model capable of predicting the environment in a multi-compartment structure subjected to a fire. It calculates the time evolving distribution of smoke and fire gases and the temperature throughout a building during a u ...

63. Modeling and Measuring the Effects of Portable Gasoline Powered Generator Exhaust on Indoor Carbon Monoxide Level
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1781
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 3/18/2013
Authors: Steven J Emmerich, Andrew Keith Persily, Wang Liangzhu
Abstract: The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is concerned about the hazard of acute residential carbon monoxide (CO) exposures from portable gasoline powered generators that can result in death or serious and/or lasting adverse health effec ...

64. Using multi-zone modeling of particle transport to support building design
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/21/2013
Authors: Dong H. Rim, Andrew Keith Persily, Lance L. Wallace, William S Dols, Steven J Emmerich
Abstract: As building design and operation changes to meet the goals of sustainability, it is critical to address indoor air quality issues such that indoor environmental conditions are maintained. Among the indoor air contaminants of concern in this context a ...

65. Temperature sculpting in yoctoliter volumes
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/14/2013
Authors: Joseph E Reiner, Joseph William Robertson, Daniel L Burden, Lisa K Burden, Arvind Kumar Balijepalli, John J Kasianowicz
Abstract: The ability to perturb large ensembles of molecules from equilibrium led to major advances in understanding reaction mechanisms in chemistry and biology. Here, we demonstrate the ability to control, measure, and make use of rapid temperature changes ...

66. Measurement of orbital asymmetry and strain in Co^d90^Fe^d10^/Ni multilayers and alloys: Origins of perpendicular anisotropy
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/13/2013
Authors: Justin M Shaw, Hans Toya Nembach, Thomas J Silva
Abstract: We use broadband ferromagnetic resonance spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction to investigate the fundamental origin of perpendicular anisotropy in Co^d90^Fe^d10^/Ni multilayers. By careful evaluation of the spectroscopic {I}g{/I}-factor, we determine ...

67. General Guidance on Emergency Communication Strategies for Buildings
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1779
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/12/2013
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: When a building emergency occurs, it is not always sufficient to simply initiate alarm bells. Individuals may not know what the alarm bell means and as a result may respond inappropriately to its sound. Many buildings have installed mass notif ...

68. Characterization of Airborne Nanoparticle Releases from Consumer Products
Series: OTHER
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/6/2013
Authors: Andrew Keith Persily, Michael Magee, Dong H. Rim
Abstract: This letter report provides a project update reflecting the activities to date under the FY2012 interagency agreement between CPSC and NIST to develop testing and measurement protocols for determining the quantities and properties of nanoparticles re ...

69. Multizone Airflow Models for Calculating Infiltration Rates in Commercial Reference Buildings
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/6/2013
Authors: Lisa C Ng, Amy Musser, Andrew Keith Persily, Steven J Emmerich
Abstract: Sixteen commercial reference buildings were created in the multizone airflow and contaminant transport program CONTAM in order to support physically based airflow calculations, as well as indoor air quality analyses, that are not possible using the e ...

70. Indoor ultrafine particles of outdoor origin: importance of window opening area and fan operation condition.
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/5/2013
Authors: Dong H. Rim, Lance L. Wallace, Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: Airborne ultrafine particles (UFP) have been associated with human mortality and morbidity. Human exposure to ambient UFP occurs indoors due to entry of UFP into buildings. This study investigates UFP entry as a function of building operating conditi ...

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