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Topic Area: Building and Fire Research

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41. The Process of Verification and Validation of Building Fire Evacuation Models
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1822
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 11/21/2013
Authors: Enrico Ronchi, Erica D Kuligowski, Paul A Reneke, Richard D Peacock, Daniel Nilsson
Abstract: To date, there is no International standard on the methods and tests to assess the verification and validation (V&V) of building fire evacuation models, i.e., model testers adopt inconsistent procedures or tests designed for other model uses. For i ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913642

42. Effect of interdome spacing on the resonance properties of plasmonic nanodome arrays for label-free optical sensing
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 11/11/2013
Authors: Charles J. Choi, Stephen Semancik
Abstract: In this paper, we report on experimental and theoretical studies of investigating how the structural properties of plasmonic nanodome array devices determine its optical properties and sensing performance. We focused on examining the effect of the i ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914277

43. Dissecting Interactions Among Indoor Environmental Quality Factors
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 11/8/2013
Authors: Hal Levin, Steven J Emmerich
Abstract: Many aspects of indoor environmental quality (IEQ) and the technologies that control or otherwise affect it are interactive and often closely connected. This has important implications for the design and construction of buildings as well as for opera ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914281

44. Fire Dynamics Simulator, Technical Reference Guide, Sixth Edition
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 1018
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 11/4/2013
Authors: Kevin B McGrattan, Randall Joseph McDermott, Craig G Weinschenk, Glenn P Forney
Abstract: This document provides the theoretical basis for the Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS), following the general framework set forth in the ,Standard Guide for Evaluating the Predictive Capability of Deterministic Fire Models,Š ASTM E 1355. It is a four v ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913618

45. Fabrication and Characterization of a Dual-mode SPR/SERS Sensor Based on Plasmonic Nanodome Arrays
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 11/3/2013
Authors: Charles J. Choi, Stephen Semancik
Abstract: This work describes a label-free, optical sensor system fabricated on a flexible plastic film with dual detection modalities: surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for specific chemical identification and localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914370

46. Stair evacuation of older adults and people with mobility impairments
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 10/31/2013
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock, Emily Wiess, Bryan Hoskins
Abstract: Engineers analyze occupant movement data for the safety and protection of a population during emergency building evacuations. Quantifiable variables, such as: stairwell geometry, pre-evacuation delay, occupant speed, and population density form e ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912539

47. Evaluating Fire Blocking Performance of Barrier Fabrics
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 10/15/2013
Authors: Shonali Nazare, William M Pitts, Shaun M. Flynn, John R Shields, Rick D Davis
Abstract: The purpose of fire blocking barrier materials is to reduce the flammability of soft furnishings ( mattresses and upholstered furniture) by preventing or delaying direct flame impingement from open flames and/or heat transfer from smoldering igniti ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913773

48. Indoor Air Quality in High-Performing Building Case Studies: A Wealth of Intent, A Dearth of Data
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 9/19/2013
Authors: Kevin Yale Teichman, Steven J Emmerich, Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: In this paper, we review how indoor air quality has been addressed in case studies of high-performing buildings, specifically the case studies described in ASHRAE‰s ,High Performing BuildingsŠ magazine. We find that nearly all reported case studies o ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913850

49. Indoor Air Quality in High-Performing Building Case Studies:A Wealth of Intent, A Dearth of Data
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 9/19/2013
Authors: Kevin Yale Teichman, Andrew Keith Persily, Steven J Emmerich
Abstract: In this paper, we review how indoor air quality has been addressed in case studies of high-performing buildings, specifically the case studies described in ASHRAE‰s ,High Performing BuildingsŠ magazine. We find that nearly all reported case studies ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914350

50. Exploratory Study of Airflow from SCBA Exposed to Elevated Temperatures
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1809
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 9/18/2013
Authors: Michelle K Donnelly, Daniel Madrzykowski, Anthony D Putorti Jr
Abstract: This exploratory set of experiments investigated the impact of external exposure temperatures on Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) supply air, and the potential for the supply air to be heated when it is subjected to an elevated tempera ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913158



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