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Topic Area: Building and Fire Research

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41. High Pressure Release and Dispersion of Hydrogen in a Partially Enclosed Compartment : Effect of Natural and Forced Ventilation
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 3/14/2014
Author: Kuldeep R Prasad
Abstract: The study of compressed hydrogen releases from high-pressure storage systems has practical application for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. Such releases may occur either due to accidental damage to a storage tank, connecting piping, or due to ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913815

42. Guidance Document: Emergency Communication Strategies for Buildings
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 3/3/2014
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: The purpose of this report is to provide guidance to system designers, building managers and/or building emergency personnel responsible for emergency communication on how to create and disseminate messages using basic communication modes (audible ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915417

43. Stair Evacuation of People with Mobility Impairments
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 3/3/2014
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock, Bryan Hoskins, Emily Wiess
Abstract: The time that it takes a population to reach safety when descending a stairwell during building evacuations is typically described by measureable engineering variables. These engineering variables include stairwell geometry, speed, density, and p ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913462

44. Fire Characteristics of Steel Members Coated with Nano-Enhanced Polymers
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 3/1/2014
Authors: Kathryn M Butler, Alexander H.-D. Cheng, Christopher Mullen, Ahmed Al-Ostaz
Abstract: Applying a polymeric coating on steel members has been demonstrated to be an effective countermeasure for the threat of blast on building and other structures. The development of a blast-resistant coating for steel with good characteristics in a fire ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907273

45. Ultrafine particle removal and ozone generation by in-duct electrostatic precipitators
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/27/2014
Authors: Dustin G Poppendieck, Dong H. Rim, Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: In-duct electrostatic air filters (ESP) have been shown to be an effective particulate control device for reducing UFP concentrations (20 nm - 100 nm) in buildings, although they have the potential to increase indoor ozone concentrations due to coron ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914835

46. Roadmap for Developing Measurement Science for Predicting the Service Life of Polymers Used in Photovoltaic (PV) Systems
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 7971
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/24/2014
Authors: Xiaohong Gu, Joannie W Chin
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912832

47. A Graphical Approach to Evaluating High-Performing Buildings:Indoor Air Quality, Energy, Water, and Waste
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/20/2014
Authors: Kevin Yale Teichman, Steven J Emmerich, Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: In this paper, we describe and demonstrate a graphical approach to illustrating the performance of high-performing buildings. Our approach enables building designers, owners, operators, and occupants to evaluate the performance of a building as desig ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913899

48. An analysis of evacuation travel paths on stair landings by means of conditional probabilities
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/20/2014
Authors: Enrico Ronchi, Paul A Reneke, Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock
Abstract: This paper provides the analysis of a data-set about people movement on stair landings collected during an evacuation drill performed in a six-storey office building in the United States. The evacuation drill was filmed and occupant‰s behaviours on ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913591

49. IAQ 2013 Tools Topic Overview
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/20/2014
Authors: Steven J Emmerich, Larry Schoen
Abstract: The complex relationships between indoor and outdoor environmental conditions, coupled with the impacts of climate change, make it more important than ever before that buildings be comfortable and healthy for the occupants yet also energy efficient. ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914997

50. General Guidance on Emergency Communication Strategies for Buildings, 2nd Edition
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1827
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/14/2014
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Hidemi Omori
Abstract: When a building emergency occurs, it is not always sufficient to simply initiate alarm bells. Individuals may not know what the alarm bell means and as a result may respond inappropriately to its sound. Many buildings have installed mass notificat ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914701



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