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Topic Area: Building and Fire Research

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41. Evaluating Building Ventilation Strategies Using Newly-Developed TRNSYS/CONTAM Simulation Capabilities
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 4/3/2014
Authors: William S Dols, Steven J Emmerich, Brian J Polidoro
Abstract: Building energy analysis tools are available in many forms that provide the ability to address a broad spectrum of energy-related issues in various combinations. Often these tools operate in isolation from one another, making it difficult to evaluate ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915154

42. Robustness Assessment of RC Frame Buildings under Column Loss Scenarios
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 4/3/2014
Authors: Yihai Bao, Joseph A Main, Hai Sang Lew, Fahim Sadek
Abstract: A computational assessment of the robustness of reinforced concrete (RC) building structures under column loss scenarios is presented. A reduced-order modeling approach is presented for three-dimensional RC framing systems, including the floor slab, ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915189

43. Areas of the U.S. wildland‹urban interface threatened by wildfire during the 2001‹2010 decade
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 4/1/2014
Authors: Douglas S Thomas, David T Butry
Abstract: The wildland‹urban interface (WUI) is defined in terms of housing density and proximity to wildlands, yet its relevance seems to be only in conjunction with wildland fire threats. The objective of this paper is to (1) identify the WUI areas threatene ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906758

44. Analysis of U.S Commercial Building Envelope Air Leakage Database to Support Sustainable Building Design
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 3/26/2014
Authors: Steven J Emmerich, Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: In 1998, NIST published a review of commercial and institutional building airtightness data that found significant levels of air leakage and debunked the myth of the airtight commercial building (Persily 1998). Since then, NIST has expanded and maint ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914293

45. Consideration of Envelope Airtightness in Modelling Commercial Building Energy Consumption
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 3/26/2014
Authors: Lisa C Ng, Andrew Keith Persily, Steven J Emmerich
Abstract: As strategies for improving building envelope and HVAC equipment efficiencies are increasingly required to reduce building energy use, a greater percentage of energy loss will occur through building envelope leakage. Although the energy impacts of un ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914290

46. Final Report, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Technical Investigation of the May 22, 2011, Tornado in Joplin, Missouri
Series: National Construction Safety Team Act Reports (NIST NCSTAR)
Report Number: 3
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 3/26/2014
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Franklin T Lombardo, Long Thanh Phan, Marc L Levitan, David P. Jorgensen
Abstract: This is the final report of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) investigation of the May 22, 2011 tornado in Joplin, Missouri, conducted under the National Construction Safety Team Act. This report describes the wind field of th ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915628

47. Modeling of moment connections for structural fire analyses
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 3/25/2014
Authors: Mina Samir Seif, Therese P McAllister, Joseph A Main, William E Luecke
Abstract: Performance-based methodologies to evaluate the fire performance of structures are needed to move beyond the prescriptive procedures presently in use, which cannot be used to determine actual structural performance in fire. Analytical methods are nee ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915309

48. High Pressure Release and Dispersion of Hydrogen in a Partially Enclosed Compartment : Effect of Natural and Forced Ventilation
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 3/14/2014
Author: Kuldeep R Prasad
Abstract: The study of compressed hydrogen releases from high-pressure storage systems has practical application for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. Such releases may occur either due to accidental damage to a storage tank, connecting piping, or due to ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913815

49. Guidance Document: Emergency Communication Strategies for Buildings
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 3/3/2014
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: The purpose of this report is to provide guidance to system designers, building managers and/or building emergency personnel responsible for emergency communication on how to create and disseminate messages using basic communication modes (audible ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915417

50. Stair Evacuation of People with Mobility Impairments
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 3/3/2014
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock, Bryan Hoskins, Emily Wiess
Abstract: The time that it takes a population to reach safety when descending a stairwell during building evacuations is typically described by measureable engineering variables. These engineering variables include stairwell geometry, speed, density, and p ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913462



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