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Topic Area: Statistics

Displaying records 21 to 30 of 107 records.
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21. Assessing Conformity of Two Laboratories: Formulations as a Statistical Hypothesis Testing Problem
Topic: Statistics
Published: 1/9/2013
Author: Andrew L Rukhin
Abstract: A decision problem frequently occurring in metrology is that of compatibility of data obtained by two (or several) different laboratories, methods or instruments. Several statistical approaches to this conformity assessment problem are reviewed inclu ...

22. Statistical Analysis of Reader Measurement Variability in Nodule Sizing with CT Phantom Imaging Data
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 7879
Topic: Statistics
Published: 11/23/2012
Authors: John Lu, Charles D. Fenimore, Nicholas Petrick, Rongping Zeng, Marios A Gavrielides, David Clunie, Kristin Borradaile, Robert Ford, Hyun J. Grace Kim, Michael McNitt-Gray, Binsheng Zhao, Andrew Buckler
Abstract: RSNA has conducted a phantom quantitative imaging biomarker (QIBA) study to assess reader measurement variability of both spherical and non-spherical nodules using CT imaging. Statistical analysis of intra-reader and inter-reader variability of v ...

23. Fast Sequential Importance Sampling fo Estimate the Graph Reliability Polynomial
Topic: Statistics
Published: 11/5/2012
Authors: David G. Harris, Francis Sullivan, Isabel M Beichl
Abstract: The reliability polynomial of a graph measures the number of its connected subgraphs of various sizes. Algortihms based on sequential importance sampling (SIS) have been proposed to estimate a graph's reliahbility polynomial. We develop an improved ...

24. An Empirical Bayes Approach to Robust Variance Estimation: A Statistical Proposal for Quantitative Medical Image Testing
Topic: Statistics
Published: 10/23/2012
Authors: John Lu, Charles D. Fenimore
Abstract: The current standard for measuring tumor response using X-ray, CT and MRI is based on the response evaluation crite- rion in solid tumors (RECIST) which, while providing simplifications over previous (WHO) 2-D methods, stipulate four response categor ...

25. Detecting differential expression in RNA-sequence data using quasi-likelihood with shrunken dispersion estimates
Topic: Statistics
Published: 10/12/2012
Author: Steven P Lund
Abstract: Next generation sequencing technology provides a powerful tool for measuring gene expression (mRNA) levels in the form of RNA-sequence data. Method development for identifying differentially expressed (DE) genes from RNA-seq data, which frequently in ...

26. A Bayesian Approach to the Analysis of Split-Plot Product Arrays and Optimization in Robust Parameter Design
Topic: Statistics
Published: 10/4/2012
Author: Adam L Pintar
Abstract: Many robust parameter design (RPD) studies involve a split-plot randomization structure and to obtain valid inferences in the analysis, it is essential to account for the design induced correlation structure. Bayesian methods are appealing for these ...

27. Bayesian Estimation of Reliability for Batches of High Reliability Single Use Parts
Topic: Statistics
Published: 9/24/2012
Author: Adam L Pintar
Abstract: When batches of critical, very high reliability single use parts are being produced, rigorous testing is often required to qualify the parts and allow them to be used by the customer. Frequentist and Bayesian approaches are described for predicting ...

28. Gradient-based stopping rules for maximum-likelihood quantum-state tomography
Topic: Statistics
Published: 9/18/2012
Authors: Scott C Glancy, Emanuel H Knill, Mark Girard
Abstract: When performing maximum likelihood quantum state tomography, one must find the quantum state that maximizes the likelihood for observed measurements on identically prepared systems, all having that quantum state. This optimization is usually perform ...

29. Preface
Topic: Statistics
Published: 9/2/2012
Authors: Andrew M Dienstfrey, Ronald F Boisvert

30. Improving optical measurement uncertainty with combined multitool metrology using a Bayesian approach
Topic: Statistics
Published: 8/30/2012
Authors: Nien F Zhang, Richard M Silver, Hui Zhou, Bryan M Barnes
Abstract: Recently, there has been significant research investigating new optical technologies for dimensional metrology of features 22 nm in critical dimension and smaller. When modeling optical measurements, a library of curves is assembled through the simul ...

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