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961. Nanotechnology--From Promising to Practical: The Role of Standards
Topic: Ceramics
Published: Date unknown
Author: Stephen Weil Freiman
Abstract: Products based upon nanotechnology represent a potential market for revolutionary new materials, particularly those where one or more dimension is less than 50 nm, e.g., films, carbon nanotubes, nanoparticles. Commercialization of materials such as ...

962. Nanotribology: the Link to Macrotribology
Topic: Ceramics
Published: Date unknown
Author: Stephen M. Hsu
Abstract: The study of adhesion, friction, and lubrication at the nanoscale is driven by the needs in niicrosystems, MEMS, and small scale devices. Reliabilitydurability of these devices depend on the ability to control these properties. Furthermore, if fast ...

963. Near Edge X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure (NEXAFS) Studies of Metal Ion-Containing PAMAMOS Dendrimer Networks
Topic: Ceramics
Published: Date unknown
Authors: Robert A Bubeck, P Dvornic, J Hu, A Hexemer, X Li, S E Keinath, Daniel A Fischer
Abstract: The interaction of Cu2+ with C, N and O moieties in poly(amidoamine-organosilicon) (PAMAMOS/DMOMS) dendrimer networks was characterized at room temperature using near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS). In particular, the effects on the 1 ...

964. Near-Field Intensity Correlations in Semicontinuous Metal-Dielectric Films
Topic: Ceramics
Published: Date unknown
Authors: K Seal, A K Sarychev, H Noh, D A Genov, A Yamilov, V M Shalaev, Z C. Ying, H Cao
Abstract: Spatial intensity correlation functions are obtained from near-field scanning optical microscope measurements of semicontinuous metal-dielectric films. The concentration of metal particles on a dielectric surface is varied over a wide range to contro ...

965. Negative Pressure in Water Capillary Bridges at Nanocontacts
Topic: Ceramics
Published: Date unknown
Authors: Seung Ho Yang, Michael Nosonovsky, Huan Zhang, Koo-Hyun Chung
Abstract: Negative Laplace pressure may develop inside a water capillary bridge formed between two bodies and contribute to the force required to pull them apart. Because of the negative pressure, nanoscale water capillary bridges may not be stable. We show t ...

966. New Correction Procedure for X-Ray Spectroscopic Fluorescence Data: Simulations and Experiments
Topic: Ceramics
Published: Date unknown
Authors: J Ablett, Joseph C Woicik, C C Kao
Abstract: X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy is a widely used method for determining the electronic configuration and local structure of dilute species with high sensitivity. In the dilute limit, and for thin films, the x-ray fluorescence signal is directly prop ...

967. New Synchrotron X-Ray Techniques for In-Situ Deformation Studies
Topic: Ceramics
Published: Date unknown
Authors: Lyle E Levine, R Thomson, Gabrielle Gibbs Long, David R Black
Abstract: Many types of defects contribute to local and long-range stresses and strains in materials. These include vacancies, voids, prismatic loops, interstitials, inclusions, and dislocations. In most cases, dislocations play the dominant role in minimizing ...

968. NiO: A Charge Transfer or Mott-Hubbard Insulator
Topic: Ceramics
Published: Date unknown
Authors: T M Schuler, D L Ederer, S Itza-Ortiz, G T Woods, T A Callcott, Joseph C Woicik
Abstract: Using site-specific soft x-ray emission and absoroption spectroscopy in conjunction with site-specific x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, we measure the magnitude of the insulating band gap of NiO to be approximately 2.0 eV, comparable to that predict ...

969. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopic Studies of Lithium Insertion in Silver Vanadium Oxide Cathodes
Topic: Ceramics
Published: Date unknown
Authors: N D Leifer, A Colon, K Martocci, S G Greenbaum, Faisal Alamgir, T B Reddy, N R Gleason, R A Leising, E S Takeuchi
Abstract: Structural studies have been carried out on Ag2V4O11 (silver vanadium oxide, SVO) and LixAg2V4O11, lithiated SVO with x = 0.72, 2.13 and 5.59 using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS). Lithium-7 NMR indicates the ...

970. Numerical Simulations of the Growth and Deflection of a Stress-Corrosion Crack on the Interface Between Two Brittle Solids
Topic: Ceramics
Published: Date unknown
Authors: Z Tang, A F Bower, Tze J Chuang
Abstract: A front-tracking finite element method is used to compute the evolution of a crack-like defect that propagates along a bi-material interface by stress driven corrosion. Depending on material properties, loading, and temperature, simulations predict ...

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