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Topic Area: Fossil Fuels

Displaying records 21 to 30 of 69 records.
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21. Method and Apparatus for the Thermal Stress of Complex Fluids: Application to Fuels
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 5/2/2011
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Bret Windom
Abstract: In this brief paper we describe a simple apparatus that can produce sufficient quantities of thermally stressed complex fluids (such as fuels) to allow a full range of thermophysical property measurements to be performed on the resulting fluid. The ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907998

22. Pressure Controlled Advanced Distillation Curve Analysis on Biodiesel Fuels
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 3/27/2011
Authors: Bret Windom, Tara M Lovestead, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: Biodiesel fuel is an alternative fuel that can be derived from a number of renewable feedstocks including plant and vegetable oils, algae, animal fats, waste oils, etc. The fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) profile, and thus the resultant properties, of ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907194

23. Comparison of Biomass-Derived Turbine Fuels with the Composition-Explicit Distillation Curve Method
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 3/6/2011
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Evgenii Baibourine
Abstract: In recent years, civilian and military users of aviation kerosene have been interested in expanding the scope of fuel feed stocks to include non-petroleum sources. The most well known examples of such alternative sources of fuel are the Fisher-Trops ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906085

24. P-{rho}-T Behavior of Four Lean Synthetic Natural-Gas-Like Mixtures from 250 K to 450 K with Pressures to 37 MPa
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 2/18/2011
Author: Mark O McLinden
Abstract: The p-{rho}-T behaviors of four lean synthetic natural gas mixtures were measured along isotherms of 250 K, 350 K, and 450 K with pressures to 37 MPa with a two-sinker, magnetic-suspension densimeter. The gravimetrically prepared mixtures have seven ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906872

25. Measurements of Density and Speed of Sound of JP-10 and Comparison to Rocket Propellants and Jet Fuels
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 2/14/2011
Authors: Stephanie L Outcalt, Arno R Laesecke
Abstract: Densities of the missile fuel JP-10 were measured with two vibrating-tube densimeters. The combined range of the data is from 270 K to 470 K with pressures to 30 MPa. The speed of sound in the fuel was measured with a propagation time method at ambie ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907255

26. Evaluation of the Physicochemical Authenticity of Aviation Kerosene Surrogate Mixtures Part I: Analysis of Volatility with the Advanced Distillation Curve
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 7/19/2010
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Beverly L. Smith
Abstract: Because of the complexities involved in measuring and modeling the performance and properties of finished fuels, the scientific community must often use surrogate mixtures, especially in the absence of consensus standard mixtures. While surrogate mi ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=905059

27. Evaluation of the Physicochemical Authenticity of Aviation Kerosene Surrogate Mixtures Part II: Analysis and Prediction of Thermophysical Properties
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 7/19/2010
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Marcia L Huber
Abstract: In part I of this series of papers, we presented an evaluation strategy that can be applied to surrogate mixtures for finished fuels. This strategy uses the advanced distillation curve approach to evaluate the surrogate in terms of physicochemical a ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=905060

28. Software Package to Facilitate the Preparation of Intermediate-Range Fossil Fuel Standards from Certified Reference Materials
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 6/17/2010
Authors: John L Molloy, Bruce S MacDonald, William R. Kelly
Abstract: A software package has been developed in Visual Basic for Applications to assist analysts in mixing fossil fuel reference materials to produce standards of intermediate concentrations and known uncertainties. Mixing reference materials of similar ma ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=903346

29. Surrogate Mixture Models for the Thermophysical Properties of Aviation Fuel Jet-A
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 5/27/2010
Authors: Marcia L Huber, Eric W Lemmon, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: We developed surrogate mixture models to represent the thermophysical properties of two samples of aviation turbine fuel Jet-A. One sample is a composite of numerous batches from a multiple manufacturers and is considered to be a representative fuel ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=904973

30. Investigating the Unique Properties of Cuphea Derived Biodiesel with the Advanced Distillation Curve Method
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 5/17/2010
Authors: Tara M Lovestead, Bret Windom, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: Currently, there is a desire to extend or enhance petroleum-derived diesel fuel with biodiesel fuel. Biodiesel fuel is a renewable, biomass-derived fluid that is biodegradable, nontoxic, and a better lubricant compared to petroleum-derived diesel fu ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=904983



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