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Topic Area: Forensics

Displaying records 21 to 30 of 73 records.
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21. Detecting Gravesoil from Headspace Analysis with Adsorption on Short Porous Layer Open Tubular (PLOT) Columns
Topic: Forensics
Published: 7/23/2011
Authors: Tara M Lovestead, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: Victims of crimes are often buried in clandestine graves. There are several techniques for finding buried bodies or the scattered remains of a victim; however, none of these methods are very reliable or work in all scenarios. One way to detect grav ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=904498

22. Enthalpy of Adsorption for Hydrocarbons on Concrete by Inverse Gas Chromatography
Topic: Forensics
Published: 5/6/2011
Authors: Jason A Widegren, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: Enthalpies of adsorption, -Δ/H/_a ^0 , are reported for several light hydrocarbons on normal construction concrete. -Δ/H/_a ^0 , which describes the adhesion strength of a molecule on a surface, was determined by gas-solid chromatography wi ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=905950

23. Reliability of Ion Mobility Spectrometry for Qualitative Analysis of Complex, Multicomponent Illicit Drug Samples
Topic: Forensics
Published: 3/20/2011
Authors: Jennifer R Verkouteren, Jessica L Staymates
Abstract: Ion Mobility Spectrometry (IMS) has been used for trace analysis of illicit drugs, but it can also provide reliable qualitative analysis of bulk forensic drug items, despite the complexity of these samples. The drug/drug and drug/excipient combinati ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=900942

24. Prediction and Preliminary Standardization of Fire Debris Constituents with the Advance Distillation Curve Method
Topic: Forensics
Published: 1/12/2011
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Marcia L Huber, Tara M Lovestead
Abstract: As pointed out by the recent National Academy of Sciences report on forensic sciences, the study of fire patterns and debris in arson fires is in need of additional study and standardization. Part of the current difficulty is in determining the appr ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902391

25. The Use of Gelatin-Based Samples for Verification of Trace Contraband Vapor Detectors
Topic: Forensics
Published: 7/25/2010
Authors: Jessica L Staymates, John G Gillen
Abstract: This work describes a method to produce inexpensive and field deployable samples that can be used to verify the working condition of trace contraband vapor detectors such as ion mobility spectrometers (IMS). With such instruments, including chemical ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=903461

26. A METHODOLOGY FOR DETECTING RESIDUAL PHOSPHORIC ACID IN POLYBENZOXAZOLE FIBERS
Topic: Forensics
Published: 11/24/2009
Authors: Eun S. Park, John R Sieber, Charles Martin Guttman, Kirk D Rice, Kathleen M. Flynn, Stephanie S Watson, Gale Antrus Holmes
Abstract: There is great interest in the degradation of ballistic fibers from exposure to sunlight and high humidity, because it directly affects the lives of people who use protective ballistic armor. However, to date, no mechanism has been found to explain ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902056

27. A Coherent Approach for Interrogating Polybenzoxazole Fibers for Residual Phosphoric Acid
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 7573
Topic: Forensics
Published: 9/17/2009
Authors: Gale Antrus Holmes, Eun S. Park, Charles Martin Guttman, Kathleen M. Flynn, John R Sieber, Stephanie S Watson, Kirk D Rice
Abstract: Because of the premature failure of soft-body armor that contains the active fiber poly [(benzo-[1,2-d:5,4-d‰]-benzoxazole-2,6-diyl)-1,4-phenylene] (PBO), the Office of Law Enforcement Standards (OLES) at the National Institute of Standards and Techn ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902057

28. A New 26plex Autosomal STR Assay to Aid Human Identity Testing*(dagger)
Topic: Forensics
Published: 9/1/2009
Authors: Carolyn R Hill, John M Butler, Peter M Vallone
Abstract: Multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has become the standard in forensic testing. Currently there are two commercial multiplex PCR amplification kits available that simultaneously amplify 16 short tandem repeat (STR) loci that include the 13 FB ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=832349

29. The Internal Fluid Mechanics of Explosive Trace Detectors using Computational Fluid Dynamics
Series: OTHER
Topic: Forensics
Published: 5/1/2009
Authors: Matthew E Staymates, Wayne Smith, John G Gillen
Abstract: Efforts are underway in the Surface and Microanalysis Science Division at the National Institute of Standards and Technology to study the vapor transport mechanisms inside explosive trace detection instruments (ETD s) and produce standard test materi ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=901483

30. Demonstration of Rapid Multiplex PCR Amplification Involving 16 Genetic Loci
Topic: Forensics
Published: 12/1/2008
Authors: Peter M Vallone, Carolyn R Hill, John M Butler
Abstract: Current forensic DNA typing is conducted in approximately eight to ten hours with steps including DNA extraction, quantitation, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of multiple short tandem repeat (STR) loci, capillary electrophoresis separa ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=832219



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