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Topic Area: Forensics

Displaying records 11 to 20 of 67 records.
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11. Radio-microanalytical particle measurements method and application to Fukushima aerosols collected in Japan
Topic: Forensics
Published: 8/26/2012
Authors: Cynthia J Zeissler, Lawrence Forsley, Richard Mark Lindstrom, Sean Newsome, Adrean Kirk, P.A. Mosier-Boss
Abstract: A nondestructive analytical method based on autoradiography and gamma spectrometry was developed to perform activity distribution analysis for particulate samples. This was applied to aerosols collected in Fukushima Japan, 40 km north of the Daiich ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911065

12. Topography Measurements and Performance Comparisons between NIST SRM 2460 Standard Bullet Masters and BKA Bullet Replicas
Topic: Forensics
Published: 7/31/2012
Authors: Jun-Feng Song, Theodore Vincent Vorburger, Robert Meryln Thompson, Susan M Ballou, Xiaoyu A Zheng, Thomas B Renegar, Richard M Silver
Abstract: Two Standard Reference Material (SRM) 2460 Bullets produced by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) were used as masters for the fabrication of replica bullets at the Bundeskriminalamt (BKA). The surface topography of the SRM ma ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=908222

13. Development of Ballistics Identification ‹ From Image Comparison to Topography Measurement in Surface Metrology-
Topic: Forensics
Published: 3/22/2012
Authors: Jun-Feng Song, Theodore Vincent Vorburger, Robert Meryln Thompson, Thomas B Renegar, Xiaoyu A Zheng, James H Yen, Richard M Silver, Wei Chu
Abstract: Fired bullets and ejected cartridge cases have unique ballistics signatures left by the firearm. By analyzing the ballistics signatures, forensic examiners can trace these bullets and cartridge cases to the firearm used in a crime scene. Current au ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=908043

14. Latent Print Examination and Human Factors: Improving the Practice through a Systems Approach
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 7842
Topic: Forensics
Published: 2/17/2012
Authors: Melissa K Taylor, David H. Kaye, Thomas Busey, Melissa Gische, Gerry LaPorte, Colin Aitken, Susan M Ballou, Leonard Butt, Christophe Champod, David Charlton, Itiel E. Dror, Jules Epstein, Robert J. Garrett, Max Houck, Edward J. Imwinkelried, Ralph Keaton, Glenn Langenburg, Deborah A. Leben, Alice Maceo, Kenneth F. Martin, Jennifer L. Mnookin, Cedric Neumann, Joe Polski, Maria Antonia Roberts, Scott A. Shappell, Lyle Shaver, Sargur N. Srihari, Hal S. Stern, David Stoney, Anjali Swienton, Mary Frances Theofanos, Robert Meryln Thompson, John Vanderkolk, Maria Weir, Kasey Wertheim
Abstract: Fingerprints have provided a valuable method of personal identification in forensic science and criminal investigations for more than 100 years. The examination of fingerprints left at crime scenes, generally referred to as latent prints, consi ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910745

15. Concordance and Population Studies along with Stutter and Peak Height Ratio Analysis for the PowerPlex® ESX 17 and ESI 17 Systems
Topic: Forensics
Published: 8/1/2011
Authors: Carolyn R Hill, David Lee Duewer, Margaret C Kline, John M Butler
Abstract: The PowerPlex® ESX 17 and ESI 17 Systems for short tandem repeat (STR) amplification were developed by the Promega Corporation to meet the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENFSI) and the European DNA Profiling (EDNAP) Group recommenda ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=904873

16. Detecting Gravesoil from Headspace Analysis with Adsorption on Short Porous Layer Open Tubular (PLOT) Columns
Topic: Forensics
Published: 7/23/2011
Authors: Tara M Lovestead, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: Victims of crimes are often buried in clandestine graves. There are several techniques for finding buried bodies or the scattered remains of a victim; however, none of these methods are very reliable or work in all scenarios. One way to detect grav ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=904498

17. Enthalpy of Adsorption for Hydrocarbons on Concrete by Inverse Gas Chromatography
Topic: Forensics
Published: 5/6/2011
Authors: Jason A Widegren, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: Enthalpies of adsorption, -Δ/H/_a ^0 , are reported for several light hydrocarbons on normal construction concrete. -Δ/H/_a ^0 , which describes the adhesion strength of a molecule on a surface, was determined by gas-solid chromatography wi ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=905950

18. Reliability of Ion Mobility Spectrometry for Qualitative Analysis of Complex, Multicomponent Illicit Drug Samples
Topic: Forensics
Published: 3/20/2011
Authors: Jennifer R Verkouteren, Jessica L Staymates
Abstract: Ion Mobility Spectrometry (IMS) has been used for trace analysis of illicit drugs, but it can also provide reliable qualitative analysis of bulk forensic drug items, despite the complexity of these samples. The drug/drug and drug/excipient combinati ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=900942

19. Prediction and Preliminary Standardization of Fire Debris Constituents with the Advance Distillation Curve Method
Topic: Forensics
Published: 1/12/2011
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Marcia L Huber, Tara M Lovestead
Abstract: As pointed out by the recent National Academy of Sciences report on forensic sciences, the study of fire patterns and debris in arson fires is in need of additional study and standardization. Part of the current difficulty is in determining the appr ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902391

20. The Use of Gelatin-Based Samples for Verification of Trace Contraband Vapor Detectors
Topic: Forensics
Published: 7/25/2010
Authors: Jessica L Staymates, John G Gillen
Abstract: This work describes a method to produce inexpensive and field deployable samples that can be used to verify the working condition of trace contraband vapor detectors such as ion mobility spectrometers (IMS). With such instruments, including chemical ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=903461



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