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You searched on: Topic Area: Chemical Analysis

Displaying records 51 to 60 of 116 records.
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51. Improvements in the Measurement of Distillation Curves. 5. Reduced Pressure Advanced Distillation Curve Method
Topic: Chemical Analysis
Published: 1/6/2011
Authors: Bret Windom, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: The distillation curve is the only practical measurement used to characterize the vapor/liquid equilibrium (volatility) of a complex mixture. In earlier work, we described an improved method and apparatus for distillation curve measurement at atmosph ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906240

52. A calorimetric and equilibrium investigation of the reaction {methyl ferulate(aq) + H2O(l) = methanol(aq) + ferulic acid(aq)}
Topic: Chemical Analysis
Published: 1/3/2011
Authors: Robert Nathan Goldberg, Michael J Selig, Stephen R. Decker, Brian E Lang
Abstract: Microcalorimetry and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) have been used to conduct a thermodynamic investigation of the reaction: {methyl ferulate(aq) + H2O(l) = methanol(aq) + ferulic acid(aq), as catlyzed by feruloyl esterase. Values of ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906068

53. Assessment of the Compositional Variability of RP-1 and RP-2 with the Advanced Distillation Curve Approach
Topic: Chemical Analysis
Published: 10/21/2010
Authors: Tara M Lovestead, Bret Windom, Jennifer Riggs, Chris Nickell, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: RP-1 is a long-established hydrocarbon fuel that continues to be widely used as the kerosene component in rocket propulsion systems. The desire in recent years to use rocket motors many times, rather than a single time, has led to reformulations of ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906029

54. Analysis of Organometallic Gasoline Additives with the Composition-Explicit Distillation Curve Method
Topic: Chemical Analysis
Published: 9/9/2010
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Evgenii Baibourine
Abstract: Problems associated with pre-ignition of fuel in a spark ignition engine have been documented for many years, and include poor performance and structural damage. These problems were addressed in the past by adding organometallic additives such as te ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=905279

55. Flow Visualization Techniques for the Evaluation of Non-Contact Trace Contraband Detectors
Topic: Chemical Analysis
Published: 8/1/2010
Authors: Matthew E Staymates, Wayne Smith, John G Gillen, Richard T. Lareau, Robert A Fletcher
Abstract: Efforts are underway in the Surface and Microanalysis Science Division at the National Institute of Standards and Technology to study trace aerodynamic sampling of explosive particles using walk-through portal-based detection systems. Explosive trace ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=832331

56. Extent and Impacts of Hydrocarbon Fuel Compositional Variability for Aerospace Propulsion Systems
Topic: Chemical Analysis
Published: 7/25/2010
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Tim Edwards, Linda M Shafer, Matthew Billingsley
Abstract: Kerosene fuels possess physical and chemical properties which make them attractive for aerospace propulsion applications from operational and performance standpoints. However, variation in fuel properties and performance owing to differences in chemi ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906221

57. Evaluation of the Physicochemical Authenticity of Aviation Kerosene Surrogate Mixtures Part I: Analysis of Volatility with the Advanced Distillation Curve
Topic: Chemical Analysis
Published: 7/19/2010
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Beverly L. Smith
Abstract: Because of the complexities involved in measuring and modeling the performance and properties of finished fuels, the scientific community must often use surrogate mixtures, especially in the absence of consensus standard mixtures. While surrogate mi ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=905059

58. Evaluation of the Physicochemical Authenticity of Aviation Kerosene Surrogate Mixtures Part II: Analysis and Prediction of Thermophysical Properties
Topic: Chemical Analysis
Published: 7/19/2010
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Marcia L Huber
Abstract: In part I of this series of papers, we presented an evaluation strategy that can be applied to surrogate mixtures for finished fuels. This strategy uses the advanced distillation curve approach to evaluate the surrogate in terms of physicochemical a ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=905060

59. Thermodynamic, Transport, and Chemical Properties of Reference JP-8
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 6659
Topic: Chemical Analysis
Published: 7/14/2010
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Marcia L Huber, Arno R Laesecke, Eric W Lemmon, Mark O McLinden, Stephanie L Outcalt, Richard A Perkins, Beverly L. Smith, Jason A Widegren
Abstract: This report contains a summary of research conducted to develop a standard or accepted set of thermophysical properties for the aviation kerosene, JP-8. This report is the culmination of a three year effort that included the participation of most of ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=904848

60. Standard Reference Materials for Analysis of Dietary Supplements
Topic: Chemical Analysis
Published: 6/1/2010
Authors: Katherine E Sharpless, David Lee Duewer
Abstract: NIST, in collaboration with the National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements (NIH-ODS) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is producing Standard Reference Materials (SRMs) for dietary supplements.  This paper describes the how t ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=832255



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