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Displaying records 1 to 10 of 211 records.
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1. Spin Hall Effect and Irreversible Thermodynamics; Center-to-Edge Transverse Current-Induced Voltage
Topic: Physics
Published: 1/5/2015
Author: Wayne Mark Saslow
Abstract: We examine the Dyakonov and Perel theory of the Spin Hall Effect from the viewpoint of irreversible thermodynamics. As thermodynamic driving forces we include the effect of the thermal gradient, the gradient of the electrochemical potential (rather ...

2. Ultra-Broadband Frequency Comb Generation in Superconducting Resonators
Topic: Physics
Published: 10/30/2014
Authors: David P Pappas, Michael Robert Vissers, Martin Olof Sandberg, Jiansong Gao, Steven R Jefferts, Robert P Erickson
Abstract: Multi-octave frequency combs are generated in superconducting microresonators due to their low loss, strong Kerrlike kinetic inductance nonlinearity, and low frequency dispersion. This effect is illustrated at low frequency (60 MHz to 20 GHz) in long ...

3. Weak Localization, Spin Relaxation, and Spin-Diffusion: Crossover Between Weak and Strong Rashba Coupling Limits
Topic: Physics
Published: 9/17/2014
Authors: Yasufumi Araki, Guru Bahadur S Khalsa, Allan H. MacDonald
Abstract: Disorder scattering and spin-orbit coupling are together responsible for the diffusion and relaxation of spin-density in time-reversal invariant systems. We study spin-relaxation and diffusion in a two-dimensional electron gas with Rashba spin-orbit ...

4. Photon-number uncertainty in a superconducting transition-edge sensor beyond resolved-photon-number determination
Topic: Physics
Published: 9/10/2014
Authors: Zachary H Levine, Boris L. Glebov, Alan L Migdall, Thomas Gerrits, Brice R. Calkins, Adriana Eleni Lita, Sae Woo Nam
Abstract: As part of an effort to extend fundamental single-photon measurements into the macroscopic regime, we explore how best to assign photon-number uncertainties to output waveforms of a superconducting Transition Edge Sensor (TES) and how those assignmen ...

5. The Half-Life of 209Po : Revisited
Topic: Physics
Published: 8/13/2014
Authors: Ronald Colle, Ryan P Fitzgerald, Lizbeth Laureano-Perez
Abstract: A substantial 25 % error in the then known and accepted (102  5) year half-life of 209Po was reported on in 2007. This error was detected from decay data from two separate primary standardizations of a 209Po solution standard, which were perf ...

6. Enriching 28Si beyond 99.9998 % for semiconductor quantum computing
Topic: Physics
Published: 8/5/2014
Authors: Kevin Joseph Dwyer, Joshua M Pomeroy, David S Simons, June Waiyin Lau, Kristen L Steffens
Abstract: Using a laboratory-scale apparatus, we enrich 28Si to 40 times better than previously reported starting from natural abundance silane gas and offer another source for providing these critical materials from the industrial gas centrifuge methods. ...

7. Optical Passive Sensor Calibration for Satellite Remote Sensing and the Legacy of NOAA and NIST Cooperation
Series: Journal of Research (NIST JRES)
Report Number: 119.008
Topic: Physics
Published: 6/26/2014
Authors: Raju VSNU Datla , Michael Weinreb, Joseph Paul Rice, Bettye C Johnson, Eric L Shirley, Changyong Cao
Abstract: This paper traces the cooperative effort of the scientists at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for improving the calibration of operational satellite sensors ...

8. Visible-frequency asymmetric transmission devices incorporating a hyperbolic metamaterial
Topic: Physics
Published: 6/17/2014
Authors: Ting Xu, Henri J Lezec

9. Large-area irradiance-mode spectral response measurements of solar cells by a light-emitting-diode- based integrating sphere source
Topic: Physics
Published: 5/30/2014
Authors: Behrang H Hamadani, John F Roller, Andrew M Shore, Brian P Dougherty, Howard W Yoon
Abstract: An irradiance-mode absolute differential spectral response measurement system based on a light emitting diode (LED) array is described. The LEDs are coupled to an integrating sphere whose output irradiance is uniform to better than 2 % over an ar ...

10. NIST traceable measurements of radiance and luminance levels of night-vision-goggle test-instruments
Topic: Physics
Published: 5/7/2014
Authors: George P Eppeldauer, Vyacheslav B Podobedov
Abstract: In order to perform radiance and luminance level measurements of night-vision-goggle (NVG) test instruments, NIST developed new-generation transfer-standard radiometers (TR). The new TRs can perform low-level radiance and luminance measurements with ...

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