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Author: Rick Davis

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1. DNA-based Nanocomposite Bio-Coatings for Fire Retarding Polyurethane Foam
Published: 5/2/2014
Authors: Yu-Chin Li, Yeon Seok Kim, John R Shields, Rick D Davis
Abstract: Layer-by-Layer (LbL) assembled multilayer thin films of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), chitosan (CHI), and montmorillonite (MMT), were studied in an effort to produce fully renewable, bio-based fire retardant coatings for flexible polyurethane foam ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915517

2. Rapid Growing Clay Coatings to Ruduce the Fire Threat of Furniture
Published: 1/14/2014
Authors: Yeon Seok Kim, Yu-Chin Li, William M Pitts, Rick D Davis
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914830

3. Reducing the Risk of Fire in Buildings and Communities
Published: 1/1/2014
Authors: Anthony P Hamins, Jason D Averill, Nelson P Bryner, David T Butry, Richard George Gann, Rick D Davis, Daniel Madrzykowski, Alexander Maranghides, Jiann C Yang, Matthew F Bundy, Samuel L Manzello, Jeffrey W Gilman, Francine K. Amon, William E. Mell
Abstract: Fire costs and losses are a significant life safety and economic burden on society comprising about two percent of the United States gross domestic product. This paper presents the results of a roadmap developed by the National Institute of Standar ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913244

4. Towards a Reference Polyurethane Foam and Bench Scale Test for Assessing Smoldering in Upholstered Furniture
Published: 12/8/2013
Authors: Mauro Zammarano, Szabolcs Matko, William M Pitts, Douglas Matthew Fox, Rick D Davis
Abstract: Smoldering poses a severe fire hazard due to the potentially lethal amount of toxic carbon monoxide released, and the possibility to reach flashover (through transition from smoldering to flaming) with heat sources otherwise too weak to directly ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914809

5. Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Layer-by-Layer Coatings With a Novel Trilayer Structure to Reduce Foam Flammability
Published: 10/29/2013
Authors: Rick D Davis, Yeon Seok Kim, Amanda A Cain, Jaime C. Grunlan
Abstract: The research presented here is the first report of fabricating multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) based thin coatings on polyurethane foam (PUF) using Layer-by-Layer assembly, and using MWCNTs to reduce the flammability of PUF. The (440.6 ± 47.1) ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=907032

6. Evaluating Fire Blocking Performance of Barrier Fabrics
Published: 10/15/2013
Authors: Shonali Nazare, William M Pitts, Shaun M. Flynn, John R Shields, Rick D Davis
Abstract: The purpose of fire blocking barrier materials is to reduce the flammability of soft furnishings ( mattresses and upholstered furniture) by preventing or delaying direct flame impingement from open flames and/or heat transfer from smoldering igniti ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913773

7. Controlling Foam Flammability and Mechanical Behavior by Tailoring the Composition of Clay-Based Multilayer Nanocoatings
Published: 9/23/2013
Authors: Yu-Chin Li, Yeon Seok Kim, John R Shields, Rick D Davis
Abstract: This is the most comprehensive evaluation of Layer-by-Layer (LbL) coatings intended to reduce the flammability of polymeric materials. Through a systematic variation of the coating recipe, an ideal combination of the coating attributes was ide ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913643

8. Nanoparticles in Flame-Retardant Coatings for Flexible Polyurethane Foams: Effects on Flammability and Nanoparticle Release
Published: 5/15/2013
Authors: Mauro Zammarano, Rick D Davis, Yeon Seok Kim, Richard H. Harris Jr., Marc R. Nyden, Jeffrey W Gilman, Nasir M. Uddin
Abstract: Nanoparticles can effectively reduce polymer flammability; however, the impact of nanoparticles on environmental and health safety is still unclear. The purpose of this study is twofold: (1) to develop and investigate the effect of nanoparticle-rich- ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913190

9. Impact of Test and Foam Design on Smoldering
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1799
Published: 5/14/2013
Authors: Mauro Zammarano, Szabolcs Matko, Rick D Davis
Abstract: Smoldering propensity of fabrics used in upholstered furniture can be assessed using foam mockups according to the CPSC proposed regulation. This approach requires a polyurethane flexible foam with reproducible and well- characterized smoldering ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913737

10. Guidelines for Evaluating Fire Blocking Barrier Fabrics
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1798
Published: 4/18/2013
Authors: Shonali Nazare, William M Pitts, Shaun M. Flynn, Rick D Davis, John R Shields
Abstract: This document provides guidelines to quantify fire performance properties of fire blocking barrier materials used in soft furnishings. In an attempt to enable a priori selection of fire barrier materials such that the final upholstered product ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912417



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